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2.0.0-beta.40 • Public • Published

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YallaJS makes it easy to create HtmlTemplate and render it to DOM efficiently.

import {Context,render} from 'yallajs';
// we pull html Tagged Template literals from the Context object.
let {html} = new Context();
// create template function that produce HtmlTemplate "<div>Hello xxx </div>"
let hello = (name) => html`<div>Hello ${name}</div>`;
// render <div>Hello world</div> to document.body.
// render <div>Hello yallajs</div> to document.body.

yallajs has 3 main API

  1. render : Render is a function that renders an HtmlTemplate or HtmlTemplateCollection into node.
  2. html : html is contextual Tagged Template Literal that generates HtmlTemplate object from Html strings
  3. htmlCollection : htmlCollection is contextual Tagged Template Literals that generates HtmlTemplateCollection for rendering arrays of object.
  4. Context : Context is an object that stores local information such as HtmlTemplate cache (in most cases you dont have to do anything with this object).


The original motivation of yallajs is perfectly described in this story : How it feels to learn javascript in 2018

YallaJS hopes one day we will no longer need yallajs after the browser incorporates ES6 Templating library.

An example of a rewritten infamous angular Hero Editor tutorial using ES6 module and ES6 String Template

No babel, no transpiler, just your hand written ES6 straight into the browser stomach

yallajs has following main goals :

  1. Highly efficient in DOM creation, updates and deletion.
  2. Easy to use and very simple to understand
  3. Using web standards instead of creating new ones
  4. Very small size and no dependency.
  5. Support ES 5 browsers suchas IE 9, IOS 6 and Android 5.

How it works

html Tagged Template Literals

html tag expression processed Template Literal, and generate HtmlTemplate object out of it. Template literals are string literals allowing embedded expressions. You can use multi-line strings and string interpolation features with them.

Template literals are enclosed by the back-tick (` `) character instead of double or single quotes. Template literals can contain place holders. These are indicated by the Dollar sign and curly braces (${expression}). The expressions in the place holders and the text between them get passed to a html Tagged Template Literals.

render HtmlTemplate rendering

render() takes a HtmlTemplate, HtmlTemplateCollection, Text or Promise, and renders it to a DOM Container. The process of rendering is describe in following orders :

  1. yallajs take the static strings in HtmlTemplate and join the strings with <!--outlet--> to mark the position of dynamic parts.
  2. yallajs passes joined strings to innerHTML to create DOMTemplate.
  3. It walks through the DOMTemplate and identify the comment tag outlet.
  4. On initial rendering yallajs update the outlet with actual values.
  5. After that yallajs store the updated DOMTemplate into Context object.
  6. Lastly yallajs clone the DOMTemplate to create HtmlTemplateInstance and append it to DOM Container.

By keeping the template DOM in the cache, next DOM creation will be done in two steps only :

  1. look the template DOM, and update the outlet with next value,
  2. clone the template DOM and append it to DOM Container.

In this way we can also perform the DOM update process very efficiently because we already know the location of the placeholder. So if there is a new value that changes, we simply update the placeholder without having to touch other DOM


The Benchmark result of yallajs 2.0 beta version is very promising. With very early stage of performance tuning, yallajs wins against angular, react and vue, both on rendering and memory allocation. Following benchmark result using Stefan Krause performance benchmark.


On the other hand, yallajs memory usage is showing very promising result.

You can find the details here, and the code that we use in this benchmark here.


Yalla uses ES 2015 String literal for html templating, yallajs API is very simple, making yalla js almost invisible in your code. This makes your application smells good and no boilerplate.


hello world

To render hello world we can write as follows :

render(`Hello World`,document.body);

The above code means we want to render 'Hello World' string into the body tag.


render is a function that accepts 2 parameters, the first parameter is the object to be rendered and the second parameter is the container where the object will be rendered.

The first parameter of render can bestring, boolean,date, number,Promise, HtmlTemplate andHtmlTemplateCollection. The second parameter is the DOM node, we can use document.body ordocument.getElementById for the second parameter

To render html we can pass it to the first parameter HtmlTemplate object by using tag html like the following example :

render(html`<button>Hello World</button>`,document.body);

The above code means that we want to render the Hello World button to the document.body element.


html tag behind the screen is an ES6 Template Tag. html generate HtmlTemplate object, which contains information about static strings, and dynamic values. html tag can be retrieved from yalla.Context object.

yalla.Context is the object that stores the cache of html andhtmlCollection Tags. For hybrid application cases where we can have multiple sub-applications (not single page app), we can separate contexts from sub-applications by providing aliases of html andhtmlCollection of each Context


Rendering div :

render(html`<div>This is Div</div>`,document.body);

Rendering html in html :

render(html`<div>This is Div ${html`<div>This is Sub-Div</div>`} </div>,document.body);

Rendering with expression :

let displayMe = false;
render(html`<div>This is Div ${displayMe ? html`<div>This is Sub-Div</div>` : ''} </div>,document.body);

We can also listen to the DOM event by setting the value of oneventname with expression e => {}


Event in HtmlTemplate can be called by using callback expression e => {}. Here is an example to listen to the onclick event of abutton.

function buttonListener(){
render(html`<input type="button" onclick="${e => buttonListener()}">Hello World</button>`,document.body);

We can also mempassing parameters into our callback.

let alertSomething = (something) => {
render(html`<button onclick="${e => alertSomething(}">Hello World</button>`,document.body);

In addition to Event, HtmlTemplate can also set values of attributes & styles using Template Literal.

Attribute & Style

Attribute in HtmlTemplate can be set its value by using $ {}. Following is an example on how to set the value of the color and color attribute.

let dynamicColor = '#CCCCCC';
let fontSize = '32px';
        style="color : ${dynamicColor};
        font-size : ${fontSize};" >This is a Node</div>`,document.body);

Attributes can only render primitive object types such as text,number and boolean.

If you need a style attribute that has a combination of values, it is recommended to use the style tag.

Following an example on how to use yalla in style

let fontColor = '#666666';
let backgroundColor = '#CCCCCC';
    .my-class {
        color : ${fontColor};
        background-color : ${backgroundColor};
<div class="my-class">Hello Class</div>


To render an Array, we can use Html Template Collection. HtmlTemplateCollection is high performance Object that map array of items to HtmlTemplate Array. HtmlTemplateCollection requires key of the item to update the collection effectively.

htmlCollection has 3 parameters:



let marshalArtArtist = [
    {id:1,name:'Yip Man'},
    {id:2,name:'Bruce Lee'},
    {id:3,label:'Jackie Chan'}]
        ${htmlCollection(marshalArtArtist,(data) =>, (data,index) => html`


Following is an advanced topic that can be used to extend yallajs.

  1. Promise :

We can call asynchronous process by using Promise. Promise by default is not supported by IE9, therefore to use this feature you should use a 3rd party libray like bluebird.js

Example of how to use Promise :

${new Promise(resolve => {
        resolve(html`<div>This will be visible after 1s.</div>`);
  1. Manual content decorator with Plug

Plug is a special function that will receive a callback function that contains the outlet object as its parameter. With the object outlet, we can customize what content to be rendered to dom.

Here is an example of using plug.

${plug(outlet => {
    // here we can put some logic to intercept and set our own content.
    outlet.setContent(html`<div>This is my custom content</div>`)

Sample Project

  1. TodoMVC : a simple todomvc application
  2. Hero Editor : Hero Editor tutorial from Angular JS rewritten in Yallajs
  3. Benchmark : benchmark tools for measuring performance, fork of Stefan Krause github project
  4. React Fiber Demo : React Fiber Triangle rewritten with YallaJS
  5. SAM Pattern Todo : Example of how to use YallaJS with SAM Pattern

Basic Example

  1. Hello world : Basic hello world application
  2. Simple Calculator : Simple calculator with yallajs
  3. SVG - Sample : Showcase on using SVG with yallajs

Event Example

  1. Color Picker : Simple color picker

Html Collection Example

  1. Array with Html Collection : Using HtmlCollection to render arrays
  2. Html Collection with Promise : HtmlCollection with Promise

Async Example

  1. Node with Promise : Example using Promise on Node
  2. Attribute with Promise : Example using Promise on Attribute

Plug Example

  1. Node With Plug : Example using Plug on Node
  2. Attribute With Plug : Example using Plug on Attribute

YallaJS Project is supported by :


npm i yallajs

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