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wdio-intercept-service

3.1.1¬†‚Äʬ†Public¬†‚Äʬ†Published

wdio-intercept-service

ūüēł Capture and assert HTTP ajax calls in webdriver.io

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This is a plugin for webdriver.io. If you don't know it yet, check it out, it's pretty cool.

Although selenium and webdriver are used for e2e and especially UI testing, you might want to assess HTTP requests done by your client code (e.g. when you don't have immediate UI feedback, like in metrics or tracking calls). With wdio-intercept-service you can intercept ajax HTTP calls initiated by some user action (e.g. a button press, etc.) and make assertions about the request and corresponding resposes later.

There's one catch though: you can't intercept HTTP calls that are initiated on page load (like in most SPAs), as it requires some setup work that can only be done after the page is loaded (due to limitations in selenium). That means you can just capture requests that were initiated inside a test. If you're fine with that, this plugin might be for you, so read on.

Prerequisites

  • webdriver.io v5.x.

Heads up! If you're still using webdriver.io v4, please use the v2.x branch of this plugin!

Installation

Use yarn:

yarn add wdio-intercept-service -D

npm works as well:

npm install wdio-intercept-service -D

Usage

It should be as easy as adding wdio-intercept-service to your wdio.conf.js:

exports.config = {
  // ...
  services: ['intercept']
  // ...
};

and you're all set.

Once initialized, some related functions are added to your browser command chain (see API).

Quickstart

Example usage:

browser.url('http://foo.bar');
browser.setupInterceptor(); // capture ajax calls
browser.expectRequest('GET', '/api/foo', 200); // expect GET request to /api/foo with 200 statusCode
browser.expectRequest('POST', '/api/foo', 400); // expect POST request to /api/foo with 400 statusCode
browser.expectRequest('GET', /\/api\/foo/, 200); // can validate a URL with regex, too
browser.click('#button'); // button that initiates ajax request
browser.pause(1000); // maybe wait a bit until request is finished
browser.assertRequests(); // validate the requests

Get details about requests:

browser.url('http://foo.bar')
browser.setupInterceptor();
browser.click('#button')
browser.pause(1000);
 
var request = browser.getRequest(0);
assert.equal(request.method, 'GET');
assert.equal(request.response.headers['content-length'], '42');

Supported browsers

It should work with somewhat newer versions of all browsers. Please report an issue if it doesn't seem to work with yours.

API

browser.setupInterceptor()

Captures ajax calls in the browser. You always have to call the setup function in order to assess requests later.

browser.expectRequest(method, url, statusCode)

Make expectations about the ajax requests that are going to be initiated during the test. Can (and should) be chained. The order of the expectations should map to the order of the requests being made.

  • method (String): http method that is expected. Can be anything xhr.open() accepts as first argument.
  • url (String|RegExp): exact URL that is called in the request as a string or RegExp to match
  • statusCode (Number): expected status code of the response

browser.getExpectations()

Helper method. Returns all the expectations you've made up until that point

browser.resetExpectations()

Helper method. Resets all the expectations you've made up until that point

browser.assertRequests()

Call this method when all expected ajax requests are finished. It compares the expectations to the actual requests made and asserts the following:

  • Count of the requests that were made
  • The order of the requests
  • The method, the URL and the statusCode should match for every request made

browser.assertExpectedRequestsOnly()

Similar to browser.assertRequests, but validates only the requests you specify in your expectRequest directives, without having to map out all the network requests that might happen around that.

browser.getRequest(index)

To make more sophisticated assertions about a specific request you can get details for a specific request after it is finished. You have to provide the index of the request you want to access in the order the requests were initiated (starting with 0).

  • index (Number): number of the request you want to access

Returns request object:

  • request.url: requested URL
  • request.method: used HTTP method
  • request.body: payload/body data used in request
  • request.headers: request http headers as JS object
  • request.response.headers: response http headers as JS object
  • request.response.body: response body (will be parsed as JSON if possible)
  • request.response.statusCode: response status code

A note on request.body: wdio-intercept-service will try to parse the request body as follows:

  • string: Just return the string ('value')
  • JSON: Parse the JSON object using JSON.parse() (({ key: value }))
  • FormData: Will output the FormData in the format { key: [value1, value2, ...] }
  • ArrayBuffer: Will try to convert the buffer to a string (experimental)
  • Anything else: Will use a brutal JSON.stringify() on your data. Good luck!

For the fetch API, we only support string and JSON data!

browser.getRequests()

Get all captured requests as an array.

Returns array of request objects.

Running the tests

A compatible browser (Firefox, Chrome) has to be installed. Also install selenium standalone via:

node_modules/.bin/selenium-standalone install

then

yarn test # npm test works as well :) 

Contributing

I'm happy for every contribution. Just open an issue or directly file a PR.

License

MIT

Install

npm i wdio-intercept-service

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

9,917

Version

3.1.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

57.6 kB

Total Files

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