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vue-cancan

0.0.3 • Public • Published

vue-cancan

This is a plugin for seamless integration of Vue.js application with Rails backend authorization framework CanCan[Can].

Installation

1. In Vue.js app

yarn add vue-cancan

In your app's entry point file:

import Vue from 'vue'
import VueCanCan from 'vue-cancan'
 
// window.abilities - are exported JSON abilities from CanCan, read further.
Vue.use(VueCanCan, { rules: window.abilities.rules });

In your routes definition:

import VueRouter from 'vue-router'
import VueCanCan from 'vue-cancan'
 
const router = new VueRouter({
  routes: [
    // ...
  ],
})
 
// Redirect to root url when user has no rights to see the page
router.beforeEach(VueCanCan.navigationGuard('/'));

2. In Rails app

From the Rails side everything you need is to pass current_ability's JSON exported rules to the application. You can do it with gem gon or just with a template:

<script>
window.abilities = <%= current_ability.to_json.html_safe %>
</script> 

CanCanCan gem in fresh version provides ability.as_json method. If for some reason you use older versions, you can add this method to your Ability class:

def as_json(foo)
  rules.map do |rule|
    { 
      base_behavior: rule.base_behavior,
      actions:       rule.actions.as_json,
      subjects:      rule.subjects.map(&:to_s),
      conditions:    rule.conditions.as_json
    }
  end
end

Usage

In templates

vue-cancan defines a directive v-can for templates to check if the user can see the element. It requires two modificators: action and resource name:

<div id='navbar-item' v-can.index.users>
  <a href='/admin/users'>Users Administration</a>
</div>

This is equal to Rails erb template:

<% if can? :index, User %>
  <div id='navbar-item'>
    <a href='/admin/users'>Users Administration</a>
  </div>
<% end %>

For more complicated checks you can use v-if directive with Vue method $can:

<td v-if="$can('edit', 'users') || $can('destroy', 'users')">User operations</td>

In routes

router.beforeEach(VueCanCan.navigationGuard('/'));

This construction adds navigation guard for Router to check if user has access to the URL. It works by parsing requested path and interprets it in this way:

/users/new will be challenged against $can('new', 'users'), /users will be challenged against $can('index', 'users').

Update rules

this.$root.setRules(rulesArray);

You can update the rules from a Vue component.

this._vm.setRules(rulesArray);

Or update the rules from inside of Vuex store.

this._vm.setRules([]);

Or remove the current set of rules as well.

Abilities definition

The convention is the same as for Rails' cancan gem. manage action covers any possible actions, all subject covers any possible subjects. Ability to manage all - is a superuser ability.

Another alias is read - it covers index and show actions.

Other usual actions in the convention are update, destroy, create. And of course, you can define any other actions.

ToDo

  • Support for abilities conditions and scopes
  • Read routes meta to redefine required abilities
  • Interface to define abilities client-side

Install

npm i vue-cancan

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

35

Version

0.0.3

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

7.41 kB

Total Files

5

Last publish

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