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uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter

1.1.1 • Public • Published

SQLite Porter Cordova/Phonegap Plugin Latest Stable Version Total Downloads

Table of Contents

Overview

This Cordova/Phonegap plugin can be used to import/export to/from a SQLite database using either SQL or JSON.

  • Works on all Cordova platforms that support HTML5 WebSQL DB in the WebView:
    • Android
    • iOS
    • Tizen
    • Blackberry 10
  • Works for native SQLite DB via a plugin. This can be used for platforms that don't have WebSQL in WebView (e.g. Windows) or for unlimited storage on platforms that do:
    • Android
    • iOS
    • Amazon Fire-OS
    • Windows Universal (8.1)
    • Windows Phone 7
    • Windows Phone 8
  • Import/export either just the table data or the entire table structure as well.

The plugin is registered on npm as uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter

donate

I dedicate a considerable amount of my free time to developing and maintaining this Cordova plugin, along with my other Open Source software. To help ensure this plugin is kept updated, new features are added and bugfixes are implemented quickly, please donate a couple of dollars (or a little more if you can stretch) as this will help me to afford to dedicate time to its maintenance. Please consider donating if you're using this plugin in an app that makes you money, if you're being paid to make the app, if you're asking for new features or priority bug fixes.

Usage scenarios

  • Create and populate a database from a database dump.
  • Update an existing database by importing inserts/updates/deletes.
  • Export and send data from a database.

Installation

Using the Cordova/Phonegap CLI

$ cordova plugin add uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter
$ phonegap plugin add uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter

NOTE: Make sure your Cordova CLI version is 5.0.0+ (check with cordova -v). Cordova 4.x and below uses the now deprecated Cordova Plugin Registry as its plugin repository, so using a version of Cordova 4.x or below will result in installing an old version of this plugin.

Using Cordova Plugman

$ plugman install --plugin=uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter --platform=<platform> --project=<project_path> --plugins_dir=plugins

For example, to install for the Android platform

$ plugman install --plugin=uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter --platform=android --project=platforms/android --plugins_dir=plugins

PhoneGap Build

Add the following xml to your config.xml to use the latest version of this plugin from npm:

<gap:plugin name="uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter" source="npm" />

Usage

The plugin is exposed via the cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter object and provides the following functions:

importSqlToDb()

Executes a set of SQL statements against the defined database. Can be used to import data defined in the SQL statements into the database, and may additionally include commands to create the table structure.

cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.importSqlToDb(db, sql, opts);

Parameters

  • {Database} db - open SQLite database to import into
  • {string} sql - SQL statements to execute against database.
  • {object} opts - optional parameters:
    • {function} successFn - callback function to execute once import is complete, called with arguments:
      • {integer} count - total number of statements executed in the given SQL string.
    • {function} errorFn - callback function to execute on error during import, called with arguments:
      • {object} error - object representing the error.
    • {function} progressFn - callback function to execute after each successful execution of SQL statement, called with arguments:
      • {integer} count - number of statements executed so far.
      • {integer} totalCount - total number of statements in the given SQL string.

Example usage

Create a database from a SQL dump

var db = window.openDatabase("Test", "1.0", "TestDB", 1 * 1024);
var sql = "CREATE TABLE Artist ([Id] PRIMARY KEY, [Title]);"+
    "INSERT INTO Artist(Id,Title) VALUES ('1','Fred');";
var successFn = function(count){
    alert("Successfully imported "+count+" SQL statements to DB");
};
var errorFn = function(error){
    alert("The following error occurred: "+error.message);
};
var progressFn = function(current, total){
    console.log("Imported "+current+"/"+total+" statements");
};
cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.importSqlToDb(db, sql, {
    successFn: successFn,
    errorFn: errorFn,
    progressFn: progressFn
});

Update an existing database

var db = window.openDatabase("Test", "1.0", "TestDB", 1 * 1024);
var sql = "INSERT INTO Artist(Id,Title) VALUES ('6','Jane');"+
    "UPDATE Artist SET Title='Susan' WHERE Id='2';"+
    "DELETE FROM Artist WHERE Id='5';";
var successFn = function(count){
    alert("Successfully imported "+count+" SQL statements to DB");
};
var errorFn = function(error){
    alert("The following error occurred: "+error.message);
};
var progressFn = function(current, total){
    console.log("Imported "+current+"/"+total+" statements";
};
cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.importSqlToDb(db, sql, {
    successFn: successFn,
    errorFn: errorFn,
    progressFn: progressFn
});

exportDbToSql()

Exports a SQLite DB as a set of SQL statements.

cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.exportDbToSql(db, opts);

Parameters

  • {Database} db - open SQLite database to export
  • {object} opts - optional parameters:
    • {function} successFn - callback function to execute after export is complete, with arguments:
      • {string} sql - exported SQL statements combined into a single string.
      • {integer} count - number of SQL statements in exported string.
    • {boolean} dataOnly - if true, only row data will be exported. Otherwise, table structure will also be exported. Defaults to false.
    • {boolean} structureOnly - if true, only table structure will be exported. Otherwise, row will also be exported. Defaults to false.
    • {array} tables - list of table names to export. If not specified, all tables will be exported.

Example usage

var db = window.openDatabase("Test", "1.0", "TestDB", 1 * 1024);
var successFn = function(sql, count){
    console.log("Exported SQL: "+sql);
    alert("Exported SQL contains "+count+" statements");
};
cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.exportDbToSql(db, {
    successFn: successFn
});

importJsonToDb()

Converts table structure and/or row data contained within a JSON structure into SQL statements that can be executed against a SQLite database. Can be used to import data into the database and/or create the table structure.

cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.importJsonToDb(db, json, opts);

Parameters

  • {Database} db - open SQLite database to import into
  • {string/object} json - JSON structure containing row data and/or table structure as either a JSON object or string
  • {object} opts - optional parameters:
    • {function} successFn - callback function to execute once import is complete, called with arguments:
      • {integer} count - total number of statements executed in the given SQL string.
    • {function} errorFn - callback function to execute on error during import, called with arguments:
      • {object} error - object representing the error.
    • {function} progressFn - callback function to execute after each successful execution of SQL statement, called with arguments:
      • {integer} count - number of statements executed so far.
      • {integer} totalCount - total number of statements in the given SQL string.
    • {integer} batchInsertSize - maximum number of inserts to batch into a SQL statement using UNION SELECT method. Defaults to 250 if not specified. Set to 1 to disable batching and perform 1 insert per SQL statement. You can tweak this to optimize performance but numbers higher than 500 may cause the app to run out of memory and crash.

The structure

Example usage

Create a database from a SQL dump

var db = window.openDatabase("Test", "1.0", "TestDB", 1 * 1024);
var json = {
    "structure":{
        "tables":{
            "Artist":"([Id] PRIMARY KEY, [Title])"
        },
       "otherSQL": [
            "CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Artist_ID ON Artist(Id)"
       ]
    },
    "data":{
        "inserts":{
            "Artist":[
                {"Id":"1","Title":"Fred"},
                {"Id":"2","Title":"Bob"},
                {"Id":"3","Title":"Jack"},
                {"Id":"4","Title":"John"}
            ]
        }
    }
};
var successFn = function(count){
    alert("Successfully imported JSON to DB; equivalent to "+count+" SQL statements");
};
var errorFn = function(error){
    alert("The following error occurred: "+error.message);
};
var progressFn = function(current, total){
    console.log("Imported "+current+"/"+total+" statements";
};
cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.importJsonToDb(db, json, {
    successFn: successFn,
    errorFn: errorFn,
    progressFn: progressFn,
    batchInsertSize: 500
});

Update an existing database

var db = window.openDatabase("Test", "1.0", "TestDB", 1 * 1024);
var json = {
    "data":{
        "inserts":{
            "Artist":[
                {"Id":"1","Title":"Fred"},
                {"Id":"2","Title":"Bob"}
            ]
        },
        "updates":{
            "Artist":
                [
                    {
                        "set": {"Title":"Jill"},
                        "where": {"Id":"3"}
                    },
                    {
                        "set": {"Title":"Susan"},
                        "where": {"Id":"4"}
                    }
                ]
            },
        },
        "deletes":{
            "Artist":[
                {"Id":"5"},
                {"Id":"6"}
            ]
        }
    }
};
var successFn = function(count){
    alert("Successfully imported JSON to DB; equivalent to "+count+" SQL statements");
};
var errorFn = function(error){
    alert("The following error occurred: "+error.message);
};
var progressFn = function(current, total){
    console.log("Imported "+current+"/"+total+" statements";
};
cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.importJsonToDb(db, json, {
    successFn: successFn,
    errorFn: errorFn,
    progressFn: progressFn
});

exportDbToJson()

Exports a SQLite DB as a JSON structure

cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.exportDbToJson(db, opts);

Parameters

  • {Database} db - open SQLite database to export
  • {object} opts - optional parameters:
    • {function} successFn - callback function to execute after export is complete, with arguments:
      • {object} json - exported JSON structure.
      • {integer} count - number of SQL statements that exported JSON structure corresponds to.
    • {boolean} dataOnly - if true, only row data will be exported. Otherwise, table structure will also be exported. Defaults to false.
    • {boolean} structureOnly - if true, only table structure will be exported. Otherwise, row will also be exported. Defaults to false.
    • {array} tables - list of table names to export. If not specified, all tables will be exported.

Example usage

var db = window.openDatabase("Test", "1.0", "TestDB", 1 * 1024);
var successFn = function(json, count){
        console.log("Exported JSON: "+json);
        alert("Exported JSON contains equivalent of "+count+" SQL statements");
    };
cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.exportDbToJson(db, {
    successFn: successFn
});

wipeDb()

Wipes all data from a database by dropping all existing tables.

cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.wipeDb(db, opts);

Parameters

  • {Database} db - open SQLite database to wipe
  • {object} opts - optional parameters:
    • {function} successFn - callback function to execute once wipe is complete, called with arguments:
      • {integer} count - number of tables dropped.
    • {function} errorFn - callback function to execute on error during wipe, called with arguments:
      • {object} error - object representing the error.
    • {function} progressFn - callback function to execute after each successful table drop, called with arguments:
      • {integer} count - number of tables dropped so far.
      • {integer} totalCount - total number of tables to drop.

Example usage

var db = window.openDatabase("Test", "1.0", "TestDB", 1 * 1024);
var successFn = function(count){
    alert("Successfully wiped "+count+" tables");
};
var errorFn = function(error){
    alert("The following error occurred: "+error.message);
};
var progressFn = function(current, total){
    console.log("Wiped "+current+"/"+total+" tables";
};
cordova.plugins.sqlitePorter.wipeDb(db, {
    successFn: successFn,
    errorFn: errorFn,
    progressFn: progressFn
});

JSON structure

This json parameter uses a custom data structure defined by this plugin for the import/export of SQLite table structure and data.

There are two top-level keys, both of which are optional:

{
    "structure": ...,
    "data": ...
}

structure

Defines the table structure of the SQLite DB and other non-data-related SQL statements (e.g. index definitions). There are two possible keys:

{
    "structure":{
        "tables": ...,
        "otherSQL": ...
    }
}

tables

A key/value map which defines table structure, where the key is the table name and the value is the SQL table definition.

Note: on importing a tables structure, if a table with same name as a key exists in the target database, it will be dropped and recreated using the specified table structure.

For example, the SQL statement CREATE TABLE Artist ([Id] PRIMARY KEY, [Title]); would have the corresponding tables entry:

{
    "structure":{
        "tables": {
            "Artist":"([Id] PRIMARY KEY, [Title])"
        }
    }
}

otherSQL

A list of SQL statements which are not related to table structure or data insertion, for example the creation of indices, for example:

{
   "otherSQL": [
        "CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Artist_ID ON Artist(Id)"
   ]
}

data

Defines data to insert into database tables. There are 3 optional keys:

{
    "structure":{
        "data": {
            "inserts": ...,
            "updates": ...,
            "deletes": ...
        }
    }
}

inserts

A key/value map of row data to insert, where the key is the table name and the value is a list of row data objects in which the key is the field name and the value is the field value.

For example, the SQL statement:

INSERT INTO Artist(Id,Title) VALUES ('6','Jane');

Would be represented as:

{
    "structure":{
        "data": {
            "inserts": {
                "Artist":[
                    {
                        "Id":"6",
                        "Title":"Jane"
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

updates

A key/value map of row data to update, where the key is the table name and the value is a list of row update objects. A row update update consists of a where key which identifies the row to update via the primary key and a set object which defines the row data to insert.

For example, the SQL statement:

UPDATE Artist SET Title='Susan' WHERE Id='2';

Would be represented as:

{
    "structure":{
        "data": {
            "updates": {
                "Artist":[
                    {
                        "set": {
                            "Title":"Susan"
                        },
                        "where": {
                            "Id":"2"
                        }
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

deletes

A key/value map of rows to delete, where the key is the table name and the value is an object define the primary key of the row to delete.

For example, the SQL statement:

DELETE FROM Artist WHERE Id='5';

Would be represented as:

{
    "structure":{
        "data": {
            "updates": {
                "Artist":[
                    {
                        "Id":"5"
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

JSON structure examples

Table creation

A JSON structure to create a table structure, but not insert any row data, might look like this:

{
    "structure":{
        "tables":{
          "Album":"([AlbumId] PRIMARY KEY, [Title])",
          "TrackDetails":"([TrackId] PRIMARY KEY, [Name])"
        },
        "otherSQL": [
          "CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Album_ID ON Album(AlbumId)"
        ]
    }
}

Table creation and data insertion

A JSON structure to create a table structure and insert row data might look like this:

{
  "structure":{
    "tables":{
      "Album":"([AlbumId] PRIMARY KEY, [Title])",
      "TrackDetails":"([TrackId] PRIMARY KEY, [Name])"
    },
    "otherSQL": [
      "CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Album_ID ON Album(AlbumId)"
    ]
  },
  "data":{
    "inserts":{
      "Album":[
        {
          "AlbumId":"1",
          "Title":"Fred"
        },
        {
          "AlbumId":"2",
          "Title":"Bob"
        },
        {
          "AlbumId":"3",
          "Title":"Tom"
        },
        {
          "AlbumId":"4",
          "Title":"Dick"
        },
        {
          "AlbumId":"5",
          "Title":"Harry"
        }
      ],
      "TrackDetails":[
        {
          "TrackId":"1",
          "Name":"This track is cool"
        },
        {
            "TrackId":"1",
            "Name":"This track sucks"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Data updates

A JSON structure which updates row data but doesn't change the table structure might look like this:

{
    "data":{
        "inserts":{
            "Artist":[
                {
                    "Id":"1",
                    "Title":"Fred"
                },
                {
                    "Id":"2",
                    "Title":"Bob"
                }
            ]
        },
        "updates":{
            "Artist":
                [
                    {
                        "set": {
                            "Title":"Jill"
                        },
                        "where": {
                            "Id":"3"
                        }
                    },
                    {
                        "set": {
                            "Title":"Susan"
                        },
                        "where": {
                            "Id":"4"
                        }
                    }
                ]
            },
        },
        "deletes":{
            "Artist":[
                {
                    "Id":"5"
                },
                {
                    "Id":"6"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

JSON import optimisations

The JSON structure passed to the importJsonToDb() function is parsed in order to generate corresponding SQL commands. In doing so, the following optimisations have been made to minimize time taken to import large amounts of data:

Batched inserts

When importing large amounts of data to the database, INSERT statements can be time consuming. Therefore, the plugin uses the UNION SELECT method (see this stackoverflow post for details), if the JSON structure contains "inserts", to batch multiple inserts in a single SQL statement, which leads to significant performance gains when bulk importing data as to populate a database.

The default batch size is a maximum of 250 inserts per INSERT statement; this can be overridden using the batchInsertSize option. Setting this to 1 disables batching and performs 1 insert per SQL statement. You can tweak this to optimize performance but numbers higher than 500 may cause the app to run out of memory and crash.

In the example project illustrating use of this plugin, the complex database example is actually the Chinook database - a sample database which contains over 15,000 INSERTS in the SQL file. Running the example project on my Samsung Galaxy S4 with no batching, importing the SQL file takes around 300 seconds (5 mins). Whereas the JSON equivalent, using UNION SELECTs with a batch size of 500, has only 17 INSERT statements and importing this takes around 3 seconds - 100 times faster!

Note: when using the importSqlToDb(), you must make any optimisations in your SQL.

Delayed index creation

If the JSON structure "otherSql" key contains CREATE INDEX statements, these are executed after all other SQL commands, and in a separate transaction in order to optimise performance when inserting large amounts of data.

Example projects

HTML5 WebSQL

https://github.com/dpa99c/cordova-sqlite-porter-example

This example project illustrates how the plugin can be used to import/export data from a WebSQL database in the WebView.

Native SQLite

https://github.com/dpa99c/cordova-sqlite-porter-example-native-plugin

This example project illustrates how the plugin can be used to import/export data from a native SQLite database using a native SQLite plugin

License

================

The MIT License

Copyright (c) 2015 Working Edge Ltd.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Install

npm i uk.co.workingedge.cordova.plugin.sqliteporter

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

971

Version

1.1.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

60.5 kB

Total Files

4

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