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ts-in-memory-database

0.9.2 • Public • Published

Typesafe in-memory database

This project features an in-memory, typesafe database that you can use to quickly process complex data structures.

Typesafety ensures that structural errors are either hard or impossible to make.

A fluent syntax helps discover the various operators.

Getting started

Download the package from npm with:

npm install ts-in-memory-database

Import the package at the top of your TypeScript file:

import * as TSInMemDb from "ts-in-memory-database"

Define the datatypes of your database:

interface Person {
  Name: string
  Surname: string
  Age: number
}
 
interface Address {
  Street: string
  Number: number
  Postcode: string
}
 
interface City {
  Name: string
  Population: number
}

Define the entities and relations of your database:

interface MyEntities {
  People: Entity<{ PersonId: number }, Person, {
    Addresses: Relation<MyEntities, "People", "Addresses", "N-1">
  }, MyEntities>
  Addresses: Entity<{ AddressId: number }, Address, {
    Cities: Relation<MyEntities, "Addresses", "Cities", "N-1">,
    People: Inverted<EntityRelations<MyEntities["People"]>["Addresses"]>
  }, MyEntities>
  Cities: Entity<{ CityId: number }, City, {
    Addresses: Inverted<EntityRelations<MyEntities["Addresses"]>["Cities"]>
  }, MyEntities>
}

Create a database. You need to specify both entities and relationships. You could do this manually. It is a bit verbose, so check out the full sample. When you have all the data, you can instantiate MyEntities, and with it a database around it:

const myEntities: MyEntities = {
  People: ...,
  Addresses: ...,
  Cities: ...
}
 
const db: Database<MyEntities> = Database(myEntities)

Finally, we can run some queries:

Get all people whose Name starts with Giu. Rename attribute Name to FirstName in the result:

const q0 = db.from("People").fieldAs("Name", "FirstName").select("FirstName").filter(p => p.FirstName.startsWith("Giu"))
 
/* Returns
[
 {
  "FirstName": "Giuseppe"
 },
 {
  "FirstName": "Giulia"
 }
]
*/

For each person, get their addresses as well. Select only the Street and Number attributes of each address:

const q1 = db.from("People").expand(db, "Addresses", a => a.select("Street", "Number"))
 
/* Returns
[
 {
  "Name": "John",
  "Surname": "Doe",
  "Age": 27,
  "Addresses": [
   {
    "Street": "Afrikaanderplein",
    "Number": 7
   }
  ]
 },
 ...
 {
  "Name": "Giuseppe",
  "Surname": "Rossi",
  "Age": 35,
  "Addresses": [
   {
    "Street": "Kalverstraat",
    "Number": 92
   }
  ]
 },
 ...
]
*/

For each person, their address, and its city, make a single entity with all the attributes of the three input entities. Select only the Street and Number attributes of each address. Rename the Name attribute of the City to CityName to avoid overlap with Person Name:

const q2 = db.from("People").join(db, "Addresses", a => a.select("Street", "Number").join(db, "Cities", c => c.fieldAs("Name", "CityName")))
 
/* Returns
[
 {
  "Name": "John",
  "Surname": "Doe",
  "Age": 27,
  "Street": "Afrikaanderplein",
  "Number": 7,
  "Population": 1250000,
  "CityName": "Rotterdam"
 },
 ...
 {
  "Name": "Giuseppe",
  "Surname": "Rossi",
  "Age": 35,
  "Street": "Kalverstraat",
  "Number": 92,
  "Population": 1250000,
  "CityName": "Amsterdam"
 },
 ...
]
*/

For each city, expand its addresses, and for each address, expand the people living there:

const q3 = db.from("Cities").expand(db, "Addresses", a => a.expand(db, "People", p => p))
 
/* Returns
[
 {
  "Name": "Rotterdam",
  "Population": 1250000,
  "Addresses": [
   {
    "Street": "Afrikaanderplein",
    "Number": 7,
    "Postcode": "3072 EA",
    "People": [
     {
      "Name": "John",
      "Surname": "Doe",
      "Age": 27
     },
     {
      "Name": "Jane",
      "Surname": "Doe",
      "Age": 31
     }
    ]
   }
  ]
 },
 ...
]
*/

For each city, expand its addresses, and for each address, expand the people living there. Rename the People attribute of Address to Inhabitants:

const q4 = db.from("Cities").expand(db, "Addresses", a => a.expandAs(db, "People", "Inhabitants", p => p))
 
/* Returns
[
 {
  "Name": "Rotterdam",
  "Population": 1250000,
  "Addresses": [
   {
    "Street": "Afrikaanderplein",
    "Number": 7,
    "Postcode": "3072 EA",
    "Inhabitants": [
     {
      "Name": "John",
      "Surname": "Doe",
      "Age": 27
     },
     {
      "Name": "Jane",
      "Surname": "Doe",
      "Age": 31
     }
    ]
   }
  ]
 },
  ...
]
*/

For each person, and their address, make a single entity with all the attributes of the two input entities (we selected no attributes from the addresses though, so we only get the attributes of each Person in practice). For each resulting entity, expand the city found at that address:

const q5 = db.from("People").join(db, "Addresses", a => a.select().expand(db, "Cities", c => c))
 
/* Returns
[
 {
  "Name": "John",
  "Surname": "Doe",
  "Age": 27,
  "Cities": [
   {
    "Name": "Rotterdam",
    "Population": 1250000
   }
  ]
 },
  ...
 {
  "Name": "Giuseppe",
  "Surname": "Rossi",
  "Age": 35,
  "Cities": [
   {
    "Name": "Amsterdam",
    "Population": 1250000
   }
  ]
 },
 ...
]
*/

Still missing

Some SQL-style operators such as GroupBy are still missing. The only supported join is actually an inner join.

Writing to the database can already be done, but is not particularly ergonomic. For now the focus lies on data processing: if needed, some handier writing operators could be added.

We want to build some operators to import results from, say, a Graph Api result such as OData or GraphQL into our database structure. This way a developer would be able to quickly fill up their local database

Keywords

none

Install

npm i ts-in-memory-database

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

6

Version

0.9.2

License

none

Unpacked Size

181 kB

Total Files

28

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