test-analyzer-ignore

    0.0.7 • Public • Published

    @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer

    Custom Elements Manifest is a file format that describes custom elements. This format will allow tooling and IDEs to give rich information about the custom elements in a given project. You can find the repository for the specification of the schema here.

    Install

    npm i -D @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer

    Usage

    custom-elements-manifest analyze

    or

    cem analyze

    Options

    Command/option Type Description Example
    analyze Analyze your components
    --globs string[] Globs to analyze --globs "foo.js"
    --exclude string[] Globs to exclude --exclude "foo.js"
    --litelement boolean Enable special handling for LitElement syntax --litelement
    --fast boolean Enable special handling for FASTElement syntax --fast
    --stencil boolean Enable special handling for Stencil syntax --stencil
    --catalyst boolean Enable special handling for Catalyst syntax --catalyst

    Demo

    my-element.js:

    class MyElement extends HTMLElement {
      static get observedAttributes() {
        return ['disabled'];
      }
    
      set disabled(val) {
        this.__disabled = val;
      }
      get disabled() {
        return this.__disabled;
      }
    
      fire() {
        this.dispatchEvent(new Event('disabled-changed'));
      }
    }
    
    customElements.define('my-element', MyElement);

    custom-elements.json:

    {
      "schemaVersion": "0.1.0",
      "readme": "",
      "modules": [
        {
          "kind": "javascript-module",
          "path": "fixtures/-default/package/my-element.js",
          "declarations": [
            {
              "kind": "class",
              "description": "",
              "name": "MyElement",
              "members": [
                {
                  "kind": "field",
                  "name": "disabled"
                },
                {
                  "kind": "method",
                  "name": "fire"
                }
              ],
              "events": [
                {
                  "name": "disabled-changed",
                  "type": {
                    "text": "Event"
                  }
                }
              ],
              "attributes": [
                {
                  "name": "disabled"
                }
              ],
              "superclass": {
                "name": "HTMLElement"
              },
              "tagName": "my-element"
            }
          ],
          "exports": [
            {
              "kind": "custom-element-definition",
              "name": "my-element",
              "declaration": {
                "name": "MyElement",
                "module": "fixtures/-default/package/my-element.js"
              }
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }

    Support

    @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer by default supports standard JavaScript, and vanilla web components. Dedicated web component libraries can be supported through the use of plugins. Currently, support for LitElement, Stencil and Catalyst is provided in this project via plugins. You can enable them by using the CLI flags --litelement, --fast, --stencil and --catalyst respectively, or loading the plugin via your custom-elements-manifest.config.js.

    TL;DR:

    • JavaScript
    • TypeScript
    • LitElement (opt-in via CLI flag)
    • FASTElement (opt-in via CLI flag)
    • Stencil (opt-in via CLI flag)
    • Catalyst (opt-in via CLI flag)

    Support for other web component libraries can be done via custom plugins, feel free to create your own for your favourite libraries.

    Documenting your components

    For all supported syntax, please check the fixtures folder.

    @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer is able to figure out most of your components API by itself, but for some things it needs a little help, including the following: CSS Shadow Parts, CSS Custom Properties and Slots. You can document these using JSDoc.

    import { LitElement, html, css } from 'lit-element';
    
    /**
     * @slot container - You can put some elements here
     *
     * @cssprop --text-color - Controls the color of foo
     * @cssproperty --background-color - Controls the color of bar
     *
     * @csspart bar - Styles the color of bar
     */
    class MyElement extends LitElement {
      static get styles() {
        return css`
          :host {
            color: var(--text-color, black);
            background-color: var(--background-color, white);
          }
        `;
      }
    
      constructor() {
        super();
        /** @type {boolean} - disabled state */
        this.disabled = true;
      }
    
      get disabled() {
        /* etc */
      }
      set disabled(val) {
        /* etc */
      }
    
      fire() {
        /** @type {FooEvent} foo-event - description */
        this.dispatchEvent(new FooEvent('foo-changed'));
      }
    
      render() {
        return html`
          <div part="bar"></div>
          <slot name="container"></slot>
        `;
      }
    }
    
    /** @type {boolean} - This will show up in the custom-elements.json too */
    export const someVariable = true;
    
    customElements.define('my-element', MyElement);
    custom-elements.json:
    {
      "schemaVersion": "0.1.0",
      "readme": "",
      "modules": [
        {
          "kind": "javascript-module",
          "path": "fixtures/-default/package/my-element.js",
          "declarations": [
            {
              "kind": "class",
              "description": "",
              "name": "MyElement",
              "cssProperties": [
                {
                  "description": "- Controls the color of foo",
                  "name": "--text-color"
                },
                {
                  "description": "- Controls the color of bar",
                  "name": "--background-color"
                }
              ],
              "cssParts": [
                {
                  "description": "- Styles the color of bar",
                  "name": "bar"
                }
              ],
              "slots": [
                {
                  "description": "- You can put some elements here",
                  "name": "container"
                }
              ],
              "members": [
                {
                  "kind": "field",
                  "name": "disabled",
                  "type": {
                    "text": "boolean"
                  },
                  "default": "true"
                },
                {
                  "kind": "method",
                  "name": "fire"
                }
              ],
              "events": [
                {
                  "name": "foo-changed",
                  "type": {
                    "text": "FooEvent"
                  }
                }
              ],
              "superclass": {
                "name": "LitElement"
              },
              "tagName": "my-element"
            },
            {
              "kind": "variable",
              "name": "someVariable",
              "type": {
                "text": "boolean"
              }
            }
          ],
          "exports": [
            {
              "kind": "js",
              "name": "someVariable",
              "declaration": {
                "name": "someVariable",
                "module": "fixtures/-default/package/my-element.js"
              }
            },
            {
              "kind": "custom-element-definition",
              "name": "my-element",
              "declaration": {
                "name": "MyElement",
                "module": "fixtures/-default/package/my-element.js"
              }
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }

    Supported JSDoc

    JSDoc Description
    @attr,
    @attribute
    Documents attributes for your custom element
    @prop,
    @property
    Documents properties for your custom element
    @csspart Documents your custom elements CSS Shadow Parts
    @slot Documents the Slots used in your components
    @cssprop,
    @cssproperty
    Documents CSS Custom Properties for your component
    @fires,
    @event
    Documents events that your component might fire
    @tag,
    @tagname
    Documents the name of your custom element
    @summary Documents a short summary
    /**
     * @attr {boolean} disabled - disables the element
     * @attribute {string} foo - description for foo
     *
     * @csspart bar - Styles the color of bar
     *
     * @slot container - You can put some elements here
     *
     * @cssprop --text-color - Controls the color of foo
     * @cssproperty [--background-color=red] - Controls the color of bar
     *
     * @prop {boolean} prop1 - some description
     * @property {number} prop2 - some description
     *
     * @fires custom-event - some description for custom-event
     * @fires {Event} typed-event - some description for typed-event
     * @event {CustomEvent} typed-custom-event - some description for typed-custom-event
     * 
     * @summary This is MyElement
     * 
     * @tag my-element
     * @tagname my-element
     */
    class MyElement extends HTMLElement {}

    Advanced configuration

    You can also specify a custom custom-elements-manifest.config.mjs configuration file that allows the following properties:

    custom-elements-manifest.config.mjs:

    import myAwesomePlugin from 'awesome-plugin';
    
    export default {
      globs: ['src/**/*.js'], 
      exclude: ['src/foo.js'],
      dev: true,
      plugins: [
        myAwesomePlugin()
      ],
    
      /** Even more advanced usecases: */
      overrideModuleCreation: ({ts, globs}) => {
        const program = ts.createProgram(globs, defaultCompilerOptions);
        const typeChecker = program.getTypeChecker();
    
        return program.getSourceFiles().filter(sf => globs.find(glob => sf.fileName.includes(glob)));
      },
    }

    Config types:

    interface userConfigOptions {
      globs: string[],
      exclude: string[],
      dev: boolean,
      plugins: Array<() => Plugin>,
      overrideModuleCreation: ({ts: TypeScript, globs: string[]}) => SourceFile[]
    }

    Plugins

    You can also write custom plugins to extend the functionality to fit what your project needs. You can extract custom JSDoc tags for example, or implement support for a new Web Component library.

    A plugin is a function that returns an object. There are several hooks you can opt in to:

    • collectPhase: First passthrough through the AST of all modules in a project, before continuing to the analyzePhase. Runs for each module, and gives access to a Context object that you can use for sharing data between phases, and gives access to the AST nodes of your source code. This is useful for collecting information you may need access to in a later phase.
    • analyzePhase: Runs for each module, and gives access to the current Module's moduleDoc, and gives access to the AST nodes of your source code. This is generally used for AST stuff.
    • moduleLinkPhase: Runs after a module is done analyzing, all information about your module should now be available. You can use this hook to stitch pieces of information together.
    • packageLinkPhase: Runs after all modules are done analyzing, and after post-processing. All information should now be available and linked together.

    TIP: When writing custom plugins, ASTExplorer is your friend 🙂

    For a reference implementation of a plugin, you can take a look at the Stencil plugin, here's an example of a simpler plugin, that adds a custom JSDoc tag to a members doc:

    Example source code:

    export class MyElement extends HTMLElement {
      /**
       * @foo Some custom information!
       */ 
      message = ''
    }

    custom-elements-manifest.config.mjs:

    export default {
      plugins: [
        {
          // Runs for all modules in a project, before continuing to the `analyzePhase`
          collectPhase({ts, node, context}){},
          // Runs for each module
          analyzePhase({ts, node, moduleDoc, context}){
            // You can use this phase to access a module's AST nodes and mutate the custom-elements-manifest
            switch (node.kind) {
              case ts.SyntaxKind.ClassDeclaration:
                const className = node.name.getText();
    
                node.members?.forEach(member => {
                  const memberName = member.name.getText();
    
                  member.jsDoc?.forEach(jsDoc => {
                    jsDoc.tags?.forEach(tag => {
                      if(tag.tagName.getText() === 'editvia') {
                        const description = tag.comment;
    
                        const classDeclaration = moduleDoc.declarations.find(declaration => declaration.name === className);
                        const messageField = classDeclaration.members.find(member => member.name === memberName);
                        
                        messageField.editvia = description
                      }
                    });
                  });
                });
            }
          },
          // Runs for each module, after analyzing, all information about your module should now be available
          moduleLinkPhase({moduleDoc, context}){},
          // Runs after modules have been parsed and after post-processing
          packageLinkPhase({customElementsManifest, context}){},
        }
      ]  
    }

    You can also use plugins to output custom documentation:

    import path from 'path';
    import fs from 'fs';
    
    function generateReadme() {
      const components = ['my-component-a', 'my-component-b'];
    
      return {
        packageLinkPhase({customElementsManifest, context}) {
          customElementsManifest.modules.forEach(mod => {
            mod.declarations.forEach(declaration => {
              if(components.includes(declaration.tagName)) {
                fs.writeFileSync(
                  `${path.dirname(mod.path)}/README.md`, 
                  renderClassdocAsMarkdown(declaration)
                );
              }
            });
          });
        }
      }
    }

    How it works

    @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer will scan the source files in your project, and run them through the TypeScript compiler to gather information about your package. Construction of the custom-elements.json happens in several phases:

    Collect phase

    During the collect phase, @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer goes through the AST of every module in your package. You can use this phase to collect any information that you may need in a later stage. All modules in a project are visited before continuing to the analyzePhase.

    Analyze phase

    During the analyze phase, @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer goes through the AST of every module in your package, and gathers as much information about them as possible, like for example a class and all its members, events, attributes, etc. During this phase it also gathers a modules imports, imports are not specified in custom-elements.json, but are required for the second phase, and then deleted once processed.

    Module link phase (per module)

    During the module Link phase you can link information together about a current module. For example, if a module contains a class declaration, and a customElements.define call, you can already link the components tagName to the classDoc. You'll also have access to a modules imports during this phase.

    Package link phase (per package)

    During the package link phase, we'll have all the information we need about a package and its custom elements, and we can start joining them together. Examples of this are:

    • Finding a CustomElement's tagname by finding its customElements.define() call, if present
    • Applying inheritance to classes (adding inherited members/attributes/events etc)

    Can I bring my own instance of TS?

    No! Or well, you can. But that might break things. TypeScript doesn't follow semver, which means that there may be breaking changes in between minor or even patch versions of TypeScript. This means that if you use a different version of TypeScript than the analyzer's version of TypeScript, things will almost definitely break. As a convenience, plugin functions get passed the analyzer's version of TS to ensure there are no version incompatibilities, and everything works as expected.

    Overriding sourceFile creation

    By default, @custom-elements-manifest/analyzer does not compile any code with TS. It just uses the TS compiler API to create an AST of your source code. This means that there is no typeChecker available in plugins.

    If you do want to use the typeChecker, you can override the creation of modules in your custom-elements-manifest.config.js:

    import { defaultCompilerOptions } from './compilerOptions.js';
    import { myPlugin } from './my-plugin.js';
    
    let typeChecker;
    
    export default {
      globs: ['fixtures/-default/package/**/*.js'], 
      exclude: [],
      dev: true,
      overrideModuleCreation: ({ts, globs}) => {
        const program = ts.createProgram(globs, defaultCompilerOptions);
        typeChecker = program.getTypeChecker();
    
        return program.getSourceFiles().filter(sf => globs.find(glob => sf.fileName.includes(glob)));
      },
      plugins: [
        /** You can now pass the typeChecker to your plugins */
        myPlugin(typeChecker)
      ],
    }

    my-plugin.js:

    export function myPlugin(typeChecker) {
      return {
        analyzePhase({ts, moduleDoc, context}) {
          // do something with typeChecker
        }
      }
    }

    Usage in the browser

    You can also run the analyzer in the browser. You can import it like so:

    <html>
      <head>
        <!-- For reasons, you need to load typescript separately. Make sure to load version ~4.3.0, otherwise things might break -->
        <script src="https://unpkg.com/typescript@4.3.2/lib/typescript.js"></script>
    
        <!-- Import the code for the analyzer -->
        <script src="https://unpkg.com/@custom-element-manifest/analyzer@1.0.0/browser/browser.js"></script>
      </head>
      <body>
        <script>
          const code = `export function foo() {}`;
    
          const modules = [ts.createSourceFile(
            '',
            code,
            ts.ScriptTarget.ES2015,
            true,
          )];
    
          console.log(analyzer.create({modules}));
        </script>
      </body>
    </html>

    Install

    npm i test-analyzer-ignore

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1

    Version

    0.0.7

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    306 kB

    Total Files

    110

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • passle