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    8.4.2 • Public • Published

    Firebase CLI Actions Status Node Version NPM version

    The Firebase Command Line Interface (CLI) Tools can be used to test, manage, and deploy your Firebase project from the command line.

    • Deploy code and assets to your Firebase projects
    • Run a local web server for your Firebase Hosting site
    • Interact with data in your Firebase database
    • Import/Export users into/from Firebase Auth

    To get started with the Firebase CLI, read the full list of commands below or check out the documentation.


    Node Package

    You can install the Firebase CLI using npm (the Node Package Manager). Note that you will need to install Node.js and npm. Installing Node.js should install npm as well.

    To download and install the Firebase CLI run the following command:

    npm install -g firebase-tools

    This will provide you with the globally accessible firebase command.

    Standalone Binary

    The standalone binary distribution of the Firebase CLI allows you to download a firebase executable without any dependencies.

    To download and install the CLI run the following command:

    curl -sL firebase.tools | bash


    The command firebase --help lists the available commands and firebase <command> --help shows more details for an individual command.

    If a command is project-specific, you must either be inside a project directory with an active project alias or specify the Firebase project id with the -P <project_id> flag.

    Below is a brief list of the available commands and their function:

    Configuration Commands

    Command Description
    login Authenticate to your Firebase account. Requires access to a web browser.
    logout Sign out of the Firebase CLI.
    login:ci Generate an authentication token for use in non-interactive environments.
    use Set active Firebase project, manage project aliases.
    open Quickly open a browser to relevant project resources.
    init Setup a new Firebase project in the current directory. This command will create a firebase.json configuration file in your current directory.
    help Display help information about the CLI or specific commands.

    Append --no-localhost to login (i.e., firebase login --no-localhost) to copy and paste code instead of starting a local server for authentication. A use case might be if you SSH into an instance somewhere and you need to authenticate to Firebase on that machine.

    Project Management Commands

    Command Description
    apps:create Create a new Firebase app in a project.
    apps:list List the registered apps of a Firebase project.
    apps:sdkconfig Print the configuration of a Firebase app.
    projects:addfirebase Add Firebase resources to a Google Cloud Platform project.
    projects:create Create a new Firebase project.
    projects:list Print a list of all of your Firebase projects.

    Deployment and Local Emulation

    These commands let you deploy and interact with your Firebase services.

    Command Description
    emulators:exec Start the local Firebase emulators, run a test script, then shut down the emulators.
    emulators:start Start the local Firebase emulators.
    deploy Deploys your Firebase project. Relies on firebase.json configuration and your local project folder.
    serve Start a local server with your Firebase Hosting configuration and HTTPS-triggered Cloud Functions. Relies on firebase.json.
    setup:emulators:database Downloads the database emulator.
    setup:emulators:firestore Downloads the firestore emulator.

    App Distribution Commands

    Command Description
    appdistribution:distribute Upload a distribution.

    Auth Commands

    Command Description
    auth:import Batch importing accounts into Firebase from data file.
    auth:export Batch exporting accounts from Firebase into data file.

    Detailed doc is here.

    Realtime Database Commands

    Command Description
    database:get Fetch data from the current project's database and display it as JSON. Supports querying on indexed data.
    database:set Replace all data at a specified location in the current project's database. Takes input from file, STDIN, or command-line argument.
    database:push Push new data to a list at a specified location in the current project's database. Takes input from file, STDIN, or command-line argument.
    database:remove Delete all data at a specified location in the current project's database.
    database:update Perform a partial update at a specified location in the current project's database. Takes input from file, STDIN, or command-line argument.
    database:profile Profile database usage and generate a report.
    database:instances:create Create a realtime database instance.
    database:instances:list List realtime database instances.
    database:settings:get Read the realtime database setting at path
    database:settings:set Set the realtime database setting at path.

    Extensions Commands

    Command Description
    ext Display information on how to use ext commands and extensions installed to your project.
    ext:configure Configure an existing extension instance.
    ext:info Display information about an extension by name (extensionName@x.y.z for a specific version)
    ext:install Install an extension.
    ext:list List all the extensions that are installed in your Firebase project.
    ext:uninstall Uninstall an extension that is installed in your Firebase project by Instance ID.
    ext:update Update an existing extension instance to the latest version.

    Cloud Firestore Commands

    Command Description
    firestore:delete Delete documents or collections from the current project's database. Supports recursive deletion of subcollections.
    firestore:indexes List all deployed indexes from the current project.

    Cloud Functions Commands

    Command Description
    functions:log Read logs from deployed Cloud Functions.
    functions:config:set Store runtime configuration values for the current project's Cloud Functions.
    functions:config:get Retrieve existing configuration values for the current project's Cloud Functions.
    functions:config:unset Remove values from the current project's runtime configuration.
    functions:config:clone Copy runtime configuration from one project environment to another.
    functions:delete Delete one or more Cloud Functions by name or group name.
    functions:shell Locally emulate functions and start Node.js shell where these local functions can be invoked with test data.

    Hosting Commands

    Command Description
    hosting:disable Stop serving Firebase Hosting traffic for the active project. A "Site Not Found" message will be displayed at your project's Hosting URL after running this command.

    Using with CI Systems

    The Firebase CLI requires a browser to complete authentication, but is fully compatible with CI and other headless environments.

    1. On a machine with a browser, install the Firebase CLI.
    2. Run firebase login:ci to log in and print out a new refresh token (the current CLI session will not be affected).
    3. Store the output token in a secure but accessible way in your CI system.

    There are two ways to use this token when running Firebase commands:

    1. Store the token as the environment variable FIREBASE_TOKEN and it will automatically be utilized.
    2. Run all commands with the --token <token> flag in your CI system.

    The order of precedence for token loading is flag, environment variable, active project.

    On any machine with the Firebase CLI, running firebase logout --token <token> will immediately revoke access for the specified token.

    Using as a Module

    The Firebase CLI can also be used programmatically as a standard Node module. Each command is exposed as a function that takes an options object and returns a Promise. For example:

    var client = require("firebase-tools");
      .then(function(data) {
      .catch(function(err) {
        // handle error
        project: "myfirebase",
        token: process.env.FIREBASE_TOKEN,
        force: true,
        cwd: "/path/to/project/folder",
      .then(function() {
        console.log("Rules have been deployed!");
      .catch(function(err) {
        // handle error

    Note: when used in a limited environment like Cloud Functions, not all firebase-tools commands will work programatically because they require access to a local filesystem.


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