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    semantika
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    0.7.6 • Public • Published

    Semantika (a.k.a Semantix)

    A very friendly semantic-graph database base layer.

    Motivation

    Along the decades of programming i've accumulated, i found that semantic graphs as well as table and documents are needed in almost all real-world applications, if you want a clean design/implementation and painless functional scalability. Reality simply dictates more and more connections and business logic that will be added - sometimes on a daily basis - and such a multi-model approach provides a clean way to help with that, in the modeling aspect. I implemented such a database layer several times, in different languages: One in C++, very special, for a rather special application, later on, twice in Java - both were rather extensive, the first was performance optimized and the later very extensive and supported also sophisticated semantic tagging, aspect-oriented based features, and more and later on, a simple Javascript implementation, that expanded into a richer one which served be in a few projects and supported also quite a few useful, advanced features. This is the evolution of the later, stripped of any of the extra features and focused on the essence. The extra features would soon come in separated libraries (on is already released: am-i-allowed) that are agnostic of even towards Semantix.

    Advantage vs. existing solutions

    This layer is very agnostic, unlike anything else i've seen yet, and it evolved from several real-world projects and yet it is brand new, without any tech debt, using the most modern language features. It is built to be expanded, as i described above and it has some small unique features, but nothing, yet, dramatic. i will make sure it continues to evolve elegantly, because that's what i like, and i'll listen to your feedbacks.

    General

    It lets you connect entities with named predicates, for example:

    George[:Person] ----worksFor[position:CTO]---> Hooli[:Company]

    ...and easily query the graph.

    It also add an ontology, by which such predicates (=relations) and entity types could be defined as well as rules. It makes building even complex models very easy and readable.

    You can still work with the data as tables and documents when it suits you, or even have collections that are "normal".

    Basically, it is agnostic to the underlying database engine but current it uses MongoDB.

    Status

    This library was already used in several projects, and it is in the process of revising as a standalone npm package.

    Features

    1. Multi-model: Semantic Graph (entity and predicates model,AKA nodes and semantic edges and document/table model co-exist simultaneously with the goodies of both.
    2. It connects with your classes and business logic extremely easily.
    3. Database agnostic; provided with a MongoDB adapter and adding an adapter is trivial. You can even implement and use a mixture of a specialized tuple storage for the predicates with another storage for the entities.
    4. Powerful entity field templates with joi validation.
    5. Pagination support in traversal
    6. All the normal per-collection/table/methods are still available

    Terminology

    • Entity a node in the graph that may contain data in the form of fields and may connect to other entities view Predicates. It is an instant of a class of your own, which should extend AbstractEntity.
    • Entity Descriptor provides metadata per entity/entity-type, such as the implementing class, and the template (entity fields definition, validation, initializers, if needed...) and optionally things like extra index definitions and more.
    • Predicate perdicates are the connection between the nodes (entities) of the graph (such as "owns", "likes", etc). You can also place a payload on a predicate instance (e.g. "levelOfLikeness") as well as define special keys to it (for special sort and searches)
    • Predicat Descriptor contains the metadata of a predicate, including its type ("owns", "likes") and its features (payload, keys) and its semantic parent if it has one.
    • Semantic Inheritence if a predicate descriptor X, for example, is the parent of predicate Y, then a predicate query of X will return also the Ys.

    Usage

    Installation

    npm i semantix

    Preparations

    Basically. you need to:

    1. Have a store implementation, or use to provided MongoStore and connect to it.
    2. Define your ontology
      1. Create your model's entity classes by extending AbstractEntity, with their entity descriptors.
      2. Create the predicate descriptors
    3. Instantiate a SemanticPackage and supply it with the store and the ontology
    4. You're ready to go: create entities, connect them, and so on

    Usage flow

    1. Your SemanticPackage instance is your main interface for most entity and predicate CRUD operations.
    2. Holding an entity, you can change, delete, and navigate through its predicates.
    3. That's it, basically

    Basic example

    let sp: SemanticPackage
    const storage = new MongoStorage('mongodb://localhost/testing-semantix');
    await storage.connect()
    await storage.purgeDatabase()
    sp = new SemanticPackage('main', {
       entityDcrs: [Person.dcr, WorkPlace.dcr],
       predicateDcrs: [worksFor]
    }, storage)
    
    const george = <Person>await sp.createEntity(Person.dcr, {name: 'George'})
    const hooli = <WorkPlace>await sp.createEntity(WorkPlace.dcr, {name: 'Hooli'})
    
    const job = await sp.createPredicate(george, worksFor, hooli, {position: 'CTO'})
    
    const foundPredicates = await hooli.incomingPreds(worksFor, {projection: ['name']})
    
    // this `expect` is from the chai library
    expect(foundPredicates.some(p => p.dcr === worksFor)).to.be.true;
    
    
    
    class Person extends AbstractEntity {
    
       static template: EntityTemplate = {
           name: joi.string().required()
       };
       static readonly dcr = new EntityDcr(Person, Person.template)
    
    }
    
    class WorkPlace extends AbstractEntity {
    
       static template: EntityTemplate = {
           name: joi.string().required()
       };
       static readonly dcr = new EntityDcr(WorkPlace, WorkPlace.template)
    
    }
    
    const worksFor = new PredicateDcr('worksFor', [], {}, {
       position: joi.string(),
       start: joi.date(),
       end: joi.date(),
    })

    Install

    npm i semantika

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    16

    Version

    0.7.6

    License

    none

    Unpacked Size

    185 kB

    Total Files

    77

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • dharmax