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setInterval with setTimeout semantics

Often you want to execute an operation at certain intervals, pending completion of the operation. For asynchronous operations, setInterval() is not sufficient for this scenario, as it can execute the operation a second time even if the first one is still in flight. A refresh like operation is a common use case.

Instead, reissue uses setTimeout() under the hood, queuing up a second execution only after the first exeuction has completed. If the time elapsed exceeds that of the specified interval, the second execution will be invoked immediately. This means that the behavior of reissue may not be identical to that of setInterval() for asynchronous operations. This is intended behavior.

Getting Started

Install the module with: npm install reissue


To begin, create a reissue object, which will return you an handler object:

var reissue = require('reissue');
var handler = reissue.create({
    func: function print(callback) {
        return callback();
    interval: 1000

Calling start() on the handler will begin the interval, and now reissue will log 'hi' to the console once every second. Note the callback parameter passed to the function - this callback must be called in order for the next invocation to proceed.



reissue takes the following options to its create() method:

  • opts.func {Function} the function to execute. This function is invoked with a callback function as it's last parameter.
  • opts.interval {Number | Function} the interval in ms to execute the function, or a function that returns an interval, allowing usage of a dynamic interval.
  • [opts.timeout] {Number} an optional timeout in ms. if any invocation of the the supplied func exceeds this timeout, the timeout event is fired.
  • [opts.context] {Context} an optional this context for the function. use this in lieu of native bind() if you are concerned about performance. reissue uses apply() under the hood to do context/arg binding.
  • [opts.args] {Array} an optional array of arguments for the function. used in conjunction with the same apply() call as the context.

Returns: {Object} returns a handler object

The returned handler object exposes the following methods:


Starts the timer interval. Calling start() while reissue is already active will throw an exception.

  • delay {Number} an optional delay in ms before first invocation. if no delay is provided, first invocation is synchronous (no setImmediate, no setTimeout). Note that 0 is explicitly a valid value, and will be passed to setTimeout.

Returns: {undefined} returns nothing


Stops the timer interval. Takes no parameters. This will stop all further invocations of the function, even if they have already been scheduled.

Returns: {undefined} returns nothing

The handler object also emits the following events:

handler.on('error', function(err) {...})

If your function returns an error to the callback, this event will be emitted. The subscribed function will receive an error as it's only parameter.

handler.on('stop', function() {...})

When the stop() method is called, this event is emitted when either the current invocation is successfully completed, or when the next scheduled invocation is successfully cancelled. If the current invocation is "stuck" in the sense that the callback never returns, the stop event will never fire.

handler.on('timeout', function() {...})

If a timeout value is specified, this event will be fired when any given invocation of the function exceeds the specified value. However, if your user supplied function is synchronous, and never gives up the event loop, it is possible that this event may never get fired.


Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality. Ensure that lint and style checks pass.

To start contributing, install the git prepush hooks:

make githooks

Before committing, run the prepush hook:

make prepush

If you have style errors, you can auto fix whitespace issues by running:

make codestyle-fix


Copyright (c) 2017 Alex Liu

Licensed under the MIT license.


npm i reissue

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