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react-ssr

2.0.0-beta.10 • Public • Published

react-ssr

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🔍 Overview

react-ssr is a simple and lightweight React server-side rendering solution that abstracts the complexities of server-side rendering React applications away from the codebase. react-ssr adds another optional 'lifecycle' method to your components for fetching data.

⏳ Installation

$ npm install react-ssr --save

We recommend you use the babel plugin too. Add the babel plugin to your .babelrc.

$ npm install babel-plugin-react-ssr --save-dev
{
  "plugins": [
    "react-ssr"
  ]
}

You'll also need React 16.3 or higher and React Router 4. They're peerDependencies, obvs.

👋 Getting started

Hopefully you can get a simple page server-rendering in minutes. Efficiently. Here's everything you need to know.

Learn quicker by example? Check the sample app out.

1. Setting up the server

Assuming you have a simple express server setup, you'll just need to hand off your routes to react-ssr. Note that you can also pass a custom template that will be responsible for the 'HTML document' that wraps your React app. Copy the example from src/components/DefaultTemplate as a starting point.

import express from 'express'
import ssr from 'react-ssr'
import routes from './routes'
 
const app = express()
const renderer = ssr({
  routes: routes
})
 
app.get('/*', renderer)
app.listen(8000)

2. Setting up the routes

You will need an array of static routes, which means each route will be an object (as per React Router v4's docs) and not a <Route />. This is because a <Route /> can only be read once rendering begins. A static route can be matched against before rendering begins.

import HomePage from './pages/HomePage'
import NotFoundPage from './pages/NotFoundPage'
 
const routes = [
  {
    path: '/',
    exact: true,
    component: HomePage
  },
  {
    path: '**',
    component: NotFoundPage
  }
]

Check out data loading with server side rendering in React Router v4 to see other comments or examples.

Additionally, your React app entry point will need to hydrate those routes out, for example: -

import React from 'react'
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'
import BrowserRouter from 'react-router-dom/BrowserRouter'
import { renderRoutes } from 'react-router-config'
import routes from './routes'
 
const App = () => (
  <BrowserRouter>
    {renderRoutes(routes)}
  </BrowserRouter>
)
 
ReactDOM.hydrate(<App />, document.getElementById('root'))

3. Fetching data

There's one important rule: If you want to make a data call, and you'd like it to be server side rendered correctly, you'll need a static fetchData method. react-ssr will execute this before it begins rendering your app on the server and inject the result of it into the components props.

Heads up! We're using the static keyword below. You'll need to add the transform class properties babel plugin or another alternative to use this at the time of writing.

Here's an example:

class Navigation extends React.Component {
  static fetchData ({req, res, match}) {
    if (req && req.thing) {
      res.redirect() // you can redirect the request
    }
 
    return {
      content: axios.get('/api/navigation') // becomes available as this.props.content
    }
  }
 
  render () {
    if (this.props.loading) {
      // react-ssr is calling fetchData client-side
      return <p>loading...</p>
    }
 
    if (this.props.error) {
      // react-ssr encountered an error calling your fetchData
      return <p>Fancy retry fetch UI...</p>
    }
 
    console.log(this.props.content)
    return <span />
  }
}
 
// alternative syntax...
Navigation.fetchData = ({req, res, match}) => {
  return {
    content: axios.get('/api/navigation') // becomes available as this.props.content
  }
}
 
// only one data call? you can spread out the result into props...
Navigation.fetchData = ({req, res, match}) => {
  return axios.get('/api/navigation') // becomes available as this.props[x], where x is every key returned in top of json tree response from this api call
}

🏆 You should now have server-side rendering setup with asynchronous data calls.

⌨️ Options

There's two things to know in this section: arguments to fetchData and options for react-ssr.

Arguments to fetchData

static fetchData ({req, res, match, isServerRender}) {}
Argument Description
req Node JS request object, server side only
res Node JS response object, server side only
match React route that was matched, contains params
isServerRender Shorthand boolean to know if executed from client or server

Configuration for react-ssr

import ssr from 'react-ssr'
const renderer = ssr({
  routes: [],
  disable: false,
  ignore: [
    '/example/route' // sends route without ssr if matched
  ],
  cache: { // currently experimental - only accepts redis as a store
    mode: 'full|none', // full means entire page is cached
    duration: 1800, // cache duration in seconds, will rerender and set it again after this time for a given route
    redisClient: null, // optional redisClient - ioredis or node_redis - to use redis as store
    keyPrefix: '', // prefix to prepend to your redis cache keys, which is req.url by default, can be set inline
    keySuffix: '', // suffix to append to your redis cache keys, can be set inline
  }
})

You can change your cache policy on-the-fly using middleware and also set the cache key suffix on-the-fly using middleware. This can be useful when you need flexibility on whether to cache or require a unique key based on feature flags being enabled on a given route, for example.

app.use((req, res, next) => {
  if (userIsLoggedIn) {
    res.locals.useSsrCacheForRequest = false
  }

  res.locals.ssrCacheKeyPrefix = 'tyrion' // redis key will now be `tyrion${req.url}`
  res.locals.ssrCacheKeySuffix = 'drogon' // redis key will now be `tyrion${req.url}drogon` for given request
})
app.use(renderer)
Option Description Required Default
routes static routes array of your react app yes []
disable disables server-side rendering no false
ignore array of route paths to skip SSR, just send document no false
Html override core html document template no see src/components/DefaultTemplate in repo
Providers wraps your routes, useful for context providers, etc no
cache allows caching of components or pages no { mode: 'none', duration: 1800 }

📰 Notes

As data fetching occurs before rendering begins, you should consider:

  • Components that are dynamically rendered with static fetchData will not be server-side rendered. So, if you're programatically doing something like the below, it will render with this.props.loading as true on the client, then fetch the data and rerender:
const DynamicComponent = components['MyComponent']
return <DynamicComponent />

No babel plugin?

Two simple steps should be taken if you're giving that a skip, but we recommend you use it to abstract this nonsense away from your codebase. If you'd like an alternative, raise an issue or a PR :-)

Find out the steps you need to take without the babel plugin here.

💡 Contributing

This package is still early doors. Please do get involved, feel free to critique it, offer solutions that can change its approach slightly, or request examples on how you want to use it. Spotted a bug, need something adding? Raise an issue. Pull requests welcome. 👌

🔑 License

MIT

Install

npm i react-ssr

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

120

Version

2.0.0-beta.10

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

59.9 kB

Total Files

31

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