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performant-array-to-tree

1.7.1 • Public • Published

Performant array to tree

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Converts an array of items with ids and parent ids to a nested tree in a performant way (time complexity O(n)). Runs in browsers and node.

Why another package

Other packages have stricter assumptions or are not as performant, as they often use nested loops or recursion. For example:

o-unflatten requires the input to be ordered such that parent nodes always come before their children. un-flatten-tree uses 2 nested loops (time complexity O(n^2)).

This implementation does not require any order of items in the input array and focuses on runtime performance. It is the fastest amongst 4 different packages, you can find the benchmarks here. It uses an index and a single loop (time complexity O(n)). It was inspired by this discussion on StackOverflow.

Installation

yarn add performant-array-to-tree

or if using npm

npm install --save performant-array-to-tree

Usage

const tree = arrayToTree([
    { id: '4', parentId: null, custom: 'abc' },
    { id: '31', parentId: '4', custom: '12' },
    { id: '1941', parentId: '418', custom: 'de' },
    { id: '1', parentId: '418', custom: 'ZZZz' },
    { id: '418', parentId: null, custom: 'ü'},
])

Which results in the following array:

[
    { data: { id: '4', parentId: null, custom: 'abc' }, children: [
        { data: { id: '31', parentId: '4', custom: '12' }, children: [] },
    ] },
    { data: { id: '418', parentId: null, custom: 'ü'}, children: [
        { data: { id: '1941', parentId: '418', custom: 'de' }, children: [] },
        { data: { id: '1', parentId: '418', custom: 'ZZZz' }, children: [] },
    ] },
]

Configuration

You can provide a second argument to arrayToTree with configuration options. Right now, you can set the following:

  • id: key of the id field of the item. Default: "id"
  • parentId: key of the parent's id field of the item. Default: "parentId"
  • childrenField: key which will contain all child nodes of the parent node. Default: "children"
  • dataField: key which will contain all properties/data of the original items. Set to null if you don't want a container. Default: "data"
  • throwIfOrphans: option to throw an error if the array of items contains one or more items that have no parents in the array. This option has a small runtime penalty, so it's disabled by default. When enabled, the function will throw an error containing the parentIds that were not found in the items array. When disabled, the function will just ignore orphans and not add them to the tree. Default: false

Example:

const tree = arrayToTree([
    { num: '4', ref: null, custom: 'abc' },
    { num: '31', ref: '4', custom: '12' },
    { num: '1941', ref: '418', custom: 'de' },
    { num: '1', ref: '418', custom: 'ZZZz' },
    { num: '418', ref: null, custom: 'ü'},
], { id: 'num', parentId: 'ref', childrenField: 'nodes' })

Which produces:

[
    { data: { num: '4', ref: null, custom: 'abc' }, nodes: [
        { data: { num: '31', ref: '4', custom: '12' }, nodes: [] },
    ] },
    { data: { num: '418', ref: null, custom: 'ü'}, nodes: [
        { data: { num: '1941', ref: '418', custom: 'de' }, nodes: [] },
        { data: { num: '1', ref: '418', custom: 'ZZZz' }, nodes: [] },
    ] },
]

Example with no data field:

const tree = arrayToTree([
    { id: '4', parentId: null, custom: 'abc' },
    { id: '31', parentId: '4', custom: '12' },
    { id: '1941', parentId: '418', custom: 'de' },
    { id: '1', parentId: '418', custom: 'ZZZz' },
    { id: '418', parentId: null, custom: 'ü'},
], { dataField: null })

Which produces:

[
    { id: '4', parentId: null, custom: 'abc', children: [
        { id: '31', parentId: '4', custom: '12', children: [] },
    ] },
    { id: '418', parentId: null, custom: 'ü', children: [
        { id: '1941', parentId: '418', custom: 'de', children: [] },
        { id: '1', parentId: '418', custom: 'ZZZz', children: [] },
    ] },
]

TypeScript

This project includes types, just import the module as usual:

import { arrayToTree } from 'performant-array-to-tree'
 
const tree = arrayToTree(array)

Install

npm i performant-array-to-tree

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

1,021

Version

1.7.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

45.9 kB

Total Files

12

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