They are used for tactical advantage as they can be inserted into the battlefield from the air, thereby allowing them to be positioned in areas not accessible by land. -- Wikipedia
npm install -g paratrooper
The remote machine must have
npm installed before deployments can be made to it.
The machine should also be configured for remote access via ssh. See the wiki for more information.
pt <init|deploy|remove> [target] -d <directory>
note: You can also use
paratrooper instead of
pt for verbosity.
pt init [target]to generate the deploy config files. You need to commit and push these files before deploying.
pt deploy [target]to begin a deployment.
pt remove [target]to stop and remove the app from the server.
If you omit the
remove commands, then you'll either get a list of
available targets, or it will automatically select the target, if you only have one.
pt init and answer the questions. It will try to guess some settings for you – if you're happy with the guess, just hit enter to accept it:
Commit your repo with the new deplyoment directory and it's contents, then deploy.
Paratrooper uses the project's
package.json file to present you with some sane defaults, so it's recommended to
repository fields filled out before executing
pt init [target].
Specifies the type of environment, and is an arbitrary value based on your workflow. Target is usually
but you are free to specify whatever value you want. Each target has it's own set of configurations. If a target isn't specified, then by default it's
--directory <path> (-d)
Config files are stored in the
deploy directory unless you specify a custom directory via
-d <directory>. Example:
pt deploy -d deployconfigs.
If this option is used with
pt init, it must be used with all other commands.
--root-path <directory> (-r)
Used for repos where the application root directory isn't at the root of the repository, so something like
webapp/ might be valid input for your project.
This value defaults to the root of the repository.
--ssh-identity-file <sshKeyFile> (-i)
Pass through the
ssh -i option for working with certain servers where you don't have a password, but a key file instead.
This option is available for
pt init, you'll be asked a series of questions. Here's what each answer is used for:
What is the URL of your app?
This is the public URL your app will be served from on the server you are deploying to.
What is the app's git clone URL?
The URL of the repo. The repo is cloned on the first deploy and then pulled from thereafter.
Which branch should be used for deployment?
This is the git branch that you want your application source to be cloned/pulled from.
What value would you like to use for NODE_ENV?
This is usually
production or maybe
development, and dictates how your app is built or served.
What version of Node.js would you like to use?
Supports Node.js and io.js. Be default it's set to
latest, which will be the latest version of io.js.
If you specify anything below 1.0, it will install Node.js, otherwise io.js.
What port is your app listening on?
The port the node app listens on. This is needed to properly link the node process with the upstream nginx server.
What is the server's SSH address?
The SSH address for your deployment server, so we can setup/deploy your app.
The user + host address of the server, i.e.
Would you like to run an npm script after
This is a Yes/No question and will show the next question if answered 'Y' (the default answer).
Which npm script would you like to run?
Select available npm scripts that are in your package.json's
scripts object. The
install scripts are filtered out of this list. This question is only asked
if the answer to the above question is 'Y'.
Paratrooper also supports a
.paratrooperrc file in your project's top level directory.
By default this file looks like this:
Note: You might have noticed, but the properties in this file map to the arguments available in the CLI.
Options specified in this file will be the new defaults for the given project, unless you explicitly set the matching arguments when using the CLI commands. See the Liftoff repo for more details and available arguments.
Following a successful deploy,
ptwill wait a further 15 seconds (to account for the configured respawn limits of upstart) to verify the app process is still alive and well.
As a shorthand, the
pt removecommands can also be referred to by their first letter, i.e.
If no errors are reported, the command was successful. The appropriate zero or non-zero error code is returned to allow
ptto be invoked by third party tools.
It's assumed that all files in the
sites-enablednginx directory are valid config files, i.e. that your
nginx.confincludes them using something like this
Tests are written using prova, and can be executed via
This project is based off Martin Rue's node-deploy.