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node-workers-pool

1.1.4 • Public • Published

node-workers-pool

Easy way to manage a pool of worker threads.

In Nodejs v12.14 LTS or later, the --experimental-worker flag is not necessary anymore, since this resource become stable.

In Nodejs up to 11.x, use the --experimental-worker flag to run correctly, since this resource still experimental.

Introduction

With this package you can:

  • Run heavy cpu-bound in a pool of worker_threads, an experimental resouce in NodeJs.
  • Control the number of active workers in the pool.
  • Create a queue, because when all the workers are busy, new processing requests will be queued.
  • Easily clear the pool (workers and queue).
  • Easily capture the result or error from the workers, since the pool uses Promise.

Prerequisites

  • NodeJs (v 12.x or later for stable / v 10.15.0 up to v 11.x for experimental)
  • Npm

DEV - Prerequisites

Examples

  • Creating a pool with max 10 workers.
const pool1 = require('node-workers-pool')({
    max: 10,
    queueMax: 40
});

--or

const Pool = require('node-workers-pool');
const pool2 = Pool({ max: 10, queueMax: 40 });
  • If options is missing, the max number of workers will be the core's number of the machine (require('os').cpus().length).

  • Creating a task and sending to queue

const now = new Date();
const pool = require('node-workers-pool')({ max: 4, queueMax: 10 });

              /* Function to execute*/          /* Params */
pool.enqueue((num1, num2) => num1 + num2,       15, 30)
.then(result => console.log(`Executed in ${(new Date() - now) / 1000} sec(s). Result: ${result}`))
.catch(err => console.err(err));
  • Another example
const now = new Date();
const pool = require('node-workers-pool')({ max: 4, queueMax: 10 });

function fibonacci(num) {
    if (num < 2){
        return num
    }
    return fibonacci(num - 1) + fibonacci(num - 2);
}

pool.enqueue(fibonnaci, 40) // Function and parameter
.then(result => console.log(`Executed in ${(new Date() - now) / 1000} sec(s). Result: ${result}`))
.catch(err => console.err(err));
  • Multiple parameters example
const pool = require('node-workers-pool')({ max: 4, queueMax: 10 });

function mult(num1, num2, num3, num4) {
    return num1 * num2 * num3 * num4;
}

pool.enqueue(mult, 3, 5, 8, 10) // Function and parameters
.then(result => {
    console.log(`Executed in ${(new Date() - now) / 1000} sec(s). Result: ${result}`);
    pool.finishPool()
    .then(() => console.log('Finished!'));
})
.catch(err => console.err(err));
  • Cleaning the pool
const pool = require('node-workers-pool')({ max: 4, queueMax: 10 });

pool.enqueue(() => 'Executed') // Function and parameters
.then(result => {
    console.log(result);
    pool.finishPool()
    .then(() => console.log('Pool finished!'));
});
  • Default values
const Pool = require('node-workers-pool');
const pool = new Pool(); // without opts

/** This pool will be configured by default with:
*   max = require('os').cpus().length
*   queueMax = 10
*/

Tests

Obs: Express processes identical requests one after another. Performing the same get from the same host with the same parameters can make it not run asynchronously, due to the express.

Run the code below to test:

npm test

This will start an express server with 3 async routes and 3 sync routes. You can test all of them in your browser and see that sync routes will lock all the others, while async routes will allow other request, because they don't lock the Event Loop.

Examples:

  • Event loop free (async):
// Tab 1 - run:
http://127.0.0.1:3000/asyncsum/10000000000

// Tab 2 - run:
http://127.0.0.1:3000/asyncsum/10
// the second request will answer even while the first still running.
  • Event loop blocked (sync):
// Tab 1 - run:
http://127.0.0.1:3000/syncfibo/44

// Tab 2 - run:
http://127.0.0.1:3000/asyncfibo/5
// the second request will wait the first finish, because the fist is running in the event loop.

Notes

  • Case the pool and queue are full, an error 'full' will be thrown.
  • The workers will be allocated as needed, so just create a pool will not create all workers at same time.

Click here to read more about worker_threads.

Author

License

The project is licensed under the MIT License. See the LICENSE file for more details

Install

npm i node-workers-pool

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

7

Version

1.1.4

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

19.1 kB

Total Files

16

Last publish

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