4.0.0 • Public • Published


    Creates an Object from a collection of key-value pairs or key-descriptor pairs.

    The Map constructor lets you specify initial keys and values via an iterable collection (e.g. an array) of key-value pairs, whereas the Object constructor does not. This module fills that gap, approximating the ECMA-defined behavior for the Map constructor but for Objects. (Remember that, unlike Maps, Objects can only use strings and symbols as keys.) In its simplest mode, you can think of the new-object module as doing the opposite of Object.entries():

    newObject(Object.entries({a: 1, b: 2})) // {a: 1, b: 2}

    But in addition — since we’re working with Objects instead of Maps — new-object lets you customize the property definitions on the new object.

    newObject(Object.entries({a: 1, b: 2}), {descDefaults: {writable: false}}) // {a: 1, b: 2}


    Requires Node.js 8.3.0 or above.

    npm i new-object


    The module exports a single function.


    1. entries (iterable or other object): This must be one of the following:
      • An array (or other iterable) of key-value pairs for the object.
      • An array (or other iterable) of key-descriptor pairs for the object’s properties (if descs is set to true).
      • An object whose values are property descriptors for the new object.
    2. Optional: Object argument:
      • descDefaults (plain object): A collection of descriptor settings (namely, configurable, enumerable, and/or writable) that will be applied to every property created on the new object. If you would like all these settings to be undefined, provide an empty object. Omit this option if you have specified complete descriptors in entries or if you want the module to use simple assignment. If you provided property descriptors in entries, the contents of descDefaults will serve as default values for those descriptors. If you specify writable in descDefaults, it will be automatically skipped for descriptors that contain getters or setters, since such descriptors cannot contain writable.
      • descs (boolean): Used to disambiguate the purpose of the values in entries. If set to true, the values in entries will be interpreted as property descriptor objects. If set to false, the values in entries will be used as values for the new object. Defaults to false if entries is an iterable; defaults to true if entries is a non-iterable object.
      • throwIfEquivKeys (Error, string, or boolean): Set this to throw an error if entries contains keys that would be considered duplicates in the context of an object. For example, a Map can have keys that are objects, but those keys will all likely evaluate to [object Object] and overwrite each other if made keys in an object. Similarly, a Map can have distinct 1 (number) and '1' (string) keys, but these would be considered the same in an object context. If such a conflict exists and if this option is set to an Error object, the provided Error will be thrown as-is. An error message string will be used to construct a TypeError. A value of true will throw a TypeError with a default error message. A value of false is the same as the default behavior, which is that later equivalent keys will silently overwrite the earlier ones.

    Return Value

    Returns a plain object built with entries.


    Array of Key-Value Pairs

    This is the simplest use of the module, which is essentially performs the operation opposite that of Object.entries().

    const newObject = require('new-object')
    const entries = [['a', 1], ['b', 2]]
    // What was possible for a Map...
    const map = new Map(entries)
    map.get('a') // 1
    // now also possible for an Object:
    const obj = newObject(entries)
    obj.a // 1

    Array of Key-Value Pairs With Global Descriptor Settings

    This example creates the same object as above, but with read-only properties. Read more about property descriptor settings at Object.defineProperty().

    const newObject = require('new-object')
    const obj = newObject(
      [['a', 1], ['b', 2]],
      {descDefaults: {writable: false}}
    obj.a // 1
    obj.b // 2
    obj.a = 123 // TypeError: Cannot set property a of #<Object> which has only a getter

    Array of Key-Descriptor Pairs

    In addition to providing an array of key-value pairs as in the two examples above, you can also provide an array of keys paired with object property descriptors, if descs is set to true. Read more about property descriptor settings at Object.defineProperty().

    const newObject = require('new-object')
    const obj = newObject([
      ['a', {get: () => 1}],
      ['b', {get: () => 2}],
    ], {descs: true})
    obj.a // 1
    obj.b // 2
    obj.a = 123 // TypeError: Cannot set property a of #<Object> which has only a getter

    Object of Key-Descriptor Pairs

    You can also do the same as above but with an object. An object is presumed to contain descriptors (if it contains values, why do you need this module again?), so you don’t need to set descs to true.

    const newObject = require('new-object')
    const obj = newObject({
      a: {get: () => 1},
      b: {get: () => 2},
    obj.a // 1
    obj.b // 2

    Supplementing Descriptors with Default Settings

    Whenever you’re using the module in a property descriptor mode, you can specify settings to be applied to all property descriptors using descDefaults.

    const newObject = require('new-object')
    const obj = newObject([
      ['a', {get: () => 1}], // `writable` (below) will be ignored for this property
      ['b', {value: 2}],
    ], {
      descs: true, // We have to specify this because the entries are in an array
      descDefaults: {configurable: true, writable: true},

    Since trying to set writable in a descriptor that also specifies a getter or setter will throw an error, the module will ignore the value of writable in descDefaults when creating the descriptor for a get/set property, such as the a property in the example above.

    Version Migration Guide

    Here are backward-incompatible changes you need to know about.

    3.x ⇒ 4.x

    • The minimum supported Node version is now 8.3.0 (instead of 6.0.0).


    • construct-map: Turns key-value pairs into a collection of the same type as another value, such as Map or Object.
    • def-props: Same as this module, but modifies a existing object instead of creating a new one.


    npm i new-object

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Unpacked Size

    9.22 kB

    Total Files


    Last publish


    • lamansky