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nestjs-rmq

1.9.0 • Public • Published

NestJS - RabbitMQ custom strategy

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This library will take care of RPC requests and messaging between microservices. It is easy to bind to our existing controllers to RMQ routes. This version is only for NestJS. If you want a framework agnostic library you can use rabbitmq-messages

Start

First, install the package:

npm i nestjs-rmq

Setup your connection in root module:

import { RMQModule } from 'nestjs-tests';
 
@Module({
    imports: [
        RMQModule.forRoot({
            exchangeName: configService.get('AMQP_EXCHANGE'),
            connections: [
                {
                    login: configService.get('AMQP_LOGIN'),
                    password: configService.get('AMQP_PASSWORD'),
                    host: configService.get('AMQP_HOST'),
                },
            ],
        }),
    ],
})
export class AppModule {}

In forRoot() you pass connection options:

  • exchangeName (string) - Exchange that will be used to send messages to.
  • connections (Object[]) - Array of connection parameters. You can use RMQ cluster by using multiple connections.

Additionally, you can use optional parameters:

  • queueName (string) - Queue name which your microservice would listen and bind topics specified in '@RMQRoute' decorator to this queue. If this parameter is not specified, your microservice could send messages and listen to reply or send notifications, but it couldn't get messages or notifications from other services. Example:
{
    exchangeName: 'my_exchange',
    connections: [
        {
            login: 'admin',
            password: 'admin',
            host: 'localhost',
        },
    ],
    queueName: 'my-service-queue',
}
  • prefetchCount (boolean) - You can read more here.
  • isGlobalPrefetchCount (boolean) - You can read more here.
  • reconnectTimeInSeconds (number) - Time in seconds before reconnection retry. Default is 5 seconds.
  • queueArguments (object) - You can read more about queue parameters here.
  • messagesTimeout (number) - Number of milliseconds 'post' method will wait for the response before a timeout error. Default is 30 000.
  • isQueueDurable (boolean) - Makes created queue durable. Default is true.
  • isExchangeDurable (boolean) - Makes created exchange durable. Default is true.
  • logMessages (boolean) - Enable printing all sent and recieved messages in console with its route and content. Default is false.
  • logger (LoggerService) - Your custom logger service that implements LoggerService interface. Compatible with Winston and other loggers.
  • middleware (array) - Array of middleware functions that extends RMQPipeClass with one method transform. They will be triggered right after recieving message, before pipes and controller method. Trigger order is equal to array order.
  • errorHandler (class) - custom error handler for dealing with errors from replies, use errorHandler in module options and pass class that extends RMQErrorHandler.
  • serviceName (string) - service name for debugging.
class LogMiddleware extends RMQPipeClass {
    async transfrom(msg: Message): Promise<Message> {
        console.log(msg);
        return msg;
    }
}
  • intercepters (array) - Array of intercepter functions that extends RMQIntercepterClass with one method intercept. They will be triggered before replying on any message. Trigger order is equal to array order.
export class MyIntercepter extends RMQIntercepterClass {
    async intercept(res: any, msg: Message, error: Error): Promise<any> {
        // res - response body
        // msg - initial message we are replying to
        // error - error if exists or null
        return res;
    }
}

Config example with middleware and intercepters:

import { RMQModule } from 'nestjs-tests';
 
@Module({
    imports: [
        RMQModule.forRoot({
            exchangeName: configService.get('AMQP_EXCHANGE'),
            connections: [
                {
                    login: configService.get('AMQP_LOGIN'),
                    password: configService.get('AMQP_PASSWORD'),
                    host: configService.get('AMQP_HOST'),
                },
            ],
            middleware: [LogMiddleware],
            intercepters: [MyIntercepter],
        }),
    ],
})
export class AppModule {}

Sending messages

To send message with RPC topic use send() method in your controller or service:

@Injectable()
export class ProxyUpdaterService {
    constructor(
        private readonly rmqService: RMQService,
    ) {}
 
    myMethod() {
        this.rmqService.send<number[], number>('sum.rpc', [1, 2, 3]);
    }
}

This method returns a Promise. First type - is a type you send, and the second - you recive.

  • 'sum.rpc' - name of subscription topic that you are sending to.
  • [1, 2, 3] - data payload. To get a reply:
this.rmqService.send<number[], number>('sum.rpc', [1, 2, 3])
    .then(reply => {
        //...
    })
    .catch(error: RMQError => {
        //...
    });

Also you can use send options:

this.rmqService.send<number[], number>('sum.rpc', [1, 2, 3], {
    expiration: 1000,
    priority: 1,
    persistent: true
})
  • expiration - if supplied, the message will be discarded from a queue once it’s been there longer than the given number of milliseconds.
  • priority - a priority for the message.
  • persistent - if truthy, the message will survive broker restarts provided it’s in a queue that also survives restarts.

If you want to just notify services:

this.rmqService.notify < string > ('info.none', 'My data');

This method returns a Promise.

  • 'info.none' - name of subscription topic that you are notifying.
  • 'My data' - data payload.

Recieving messages

To listen for messages bind your controller methods to subscription topics with RMQRoute() decorator and you controller to @RMQController():

@RMQController()
export class AppController {
    //...
 
    @RMQRoute('sum.rpc')
    sum(numbers: number[]): number {
        return numbers.reduce((a, b) => a + b, 0);
    }
 
    @RMQRoute('info.none')
    info(data: string) {
        console.log(data);
    }
}

Return value will be send back as a reply in RPC topic. In 'sum.rpc' example it will send sum of array values. And sender will get 6:

this.rmqService.send('sum.rpc', [1, 2, 3]).then(reply => {
    // reply: 6
});

Each '@RMQRoute' topic will be automatically bound to queue specified in 'queueName' option. If you want to return an Error just throw it in your method. To set '-x-status-code' use custom RMQError class.

@RMQRoute('my.rpc')
myMethod(numbers: number[]): number {
    //...
    throw new RMQError('Error message', 2);
    throw new Error('Error message');
    //...
}

@RMQRoute handlers accepts a single parameter msg which is a ampq message.content parsed as a JSON. You may want to add additional custom layer to that message and change the way handler is called. For example you may want to structure your message with two different parts: payload (containing actual data) and context (containing request metadata) and process them explicitly in your handler. You can also decorate params passed to the handler. This is the same thing Nest does with Request object and decorators like Param or Body.

To do that, you may pass a param to the RMQController a custom message factory msgFactory?: (msg: Message, topic: IQueueMeta) => any[];.

The default msgFactory:

@RMQCOntroller({
  msgFactory: (msg: Message, topic: IQueueMeta) => [JSON.parse(msg.content.toString())]
})

Custom msgFactory using @Payload and @Context decorators:

@RMQCOntroller({
  msgFactory: (msg: Message, topic: IQueueMeta) => {
    const parsed = JSON.parse(msg.content.toString());
    const contextIndex = topic.target[METADATA_KEYS.CONTEXT + topic.methodName]?.[0];
    const payloadIndex = topic.target[METADATA_KEYS.PAYLOAD + topic.methodName]?.[0];
    const response = [];
    if (payloadIndex !== undefined) {
      response[payloadIndex] = parsed.payload;
    }
    if (contextIndex !== undefined) {
      response[contextIndex] = parsed.context;
    }
    return response;
  };
})

Validating data

NestJS-rmq uses class-validator to validate incoming data. To use it, decorate your route method with Validate:

import { RMQController, RMQRoute, Validate } from 'nestjs-tests';
 
@Validate()
@RMQRoute('my.rpc')
myMethod(data: myClass): number {
    //...
}

Where myClass is data class with validation decorators:

import { IsString, MinLength, IsNumber } from 'class-validator';
 
export class myClass {
    @MinLength(2)
    @IsString()
    name: string;
 
    @IsNumber()
    age: string;
}

If your input data will be invalid, the library will send back an error without even entering your method. This will prevent you from manually validating your data inside route. You can check all available validators here.

Using pipes

To intercept any message to any route, you can use @RMQPipe decorator:

import { RMQController, RMQRoute, RMQPipe } from 'nestjs-tests';
 
@RMQPipe(MyPipeClass)
@RMQRoute('my.rpc')
myMethod(numbers: number[]): number {
    //...
}

where MyPipeClass extends RMQPipeClass with one method transform:

class MyPipeClass extends RMQPipeClass {
    async transfrom(msg: Message): Promise<Message> {
        // do something
        return msg;
    }
}

Using RMQErrorHandler

If you want to use custom error handler for dealing with errors from replies, use errorHandler in module options and pass class that extends RMQErrorHandler:

class MyErrorHandler extends RMQErrorHandler {
    public static handle(headers: IRmqErrorHeaders): Error | RMQError {
    // do something
        return new RMQError(
            headers['-x-error'],
            headers['-x-type'],
            headers['-x-status-code'],
            headers['-x-data'],
            headers['-x-service'],
            headers['-x-host']
        );
    }
}

Disconnecting

If you want to close connection, for example, if you are using RMQ in testing tools, use disconnect() method;

Running test

For e2e tests you need to install Docker in your machine and start RabbitMQ docker image with docker-compose.yml in e2e folder:

docker-compose up -d

Then run tests with

npm run test

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Install

npm i nestjs-rmq

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Version

1.9.0

License

MIT

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