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native-reg

0.3.3 • Public • Published

native-reg

In process native module for Windows registry access.

Example

const reg = require('native-reg');
 
const key = reg.openKey(
  reg.HKCU,
  'Software\\MyCompany\\MySoftware',
  reg.Access.ALL_ACCESS);
 
const version = reg.getValue(key, 'Install', 'Version');
 
if (isOldVersion(version)) {
    reg.deleteTree(key, 'Install');
    
    const installKey = reg.createKey(key, 'Install', reg.Access.ALL_ACCESS);
    reg.setValue(installKey, 'Version', newVersion);
    // ...
    reg.closeKey(installKey);
}
 
reg.closeKey(key);

API

Read index.ts and linked Windows documentation for full details.

Errors

The API initially validates the arguments with the standard node assert library:

try {
  // Should not be 'HKLM', but reg.HKLM or reg.HKEY.LOCAL_MACHINE
  reg.openKey('HKLM', 'SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows', reg.Access.READ);
  assert.fail();
} catch (e) {
  assert(instanceof require('assert').AssertionError);
}

If the wrapped Windows API returns an error, with a couple of exceptions for commonly non-failure errors (e.g. key does not exist), are thrown as JS Errors with the generic error message, e.g.: Access is denied., but additional standard errno and syscall properties, for example, a common error is trying to use Access.ALL_ACCESS on reg.HKLM, which you need UAC elevation for:

try {
  // Assuming you are not running as administrator!
  reg.openKey(reg.HKLM, 'SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows', reg.Access.ALL_ACCESS);
  assert.fail();
} catch (e) {
  assert.strictEqual(e.message, 'Access is denied.');
  assert.strictEqual(e.errno, 5);
  assert.strictEqual(e.syscall, 'RegOpenKeyExW');
}

Constants

This library uses Typescript enums for constants, this generates a two way name <-> value mapping.

For example: Access.SET_VALUE is 0x0002, and Access[2] is "SET_VALUE".

HKEY enum

Exports the set of predefined HKEYs.

createKey, openKey, loadAppKey and openCurrentUser will return other values for HKEYs, which at the moment are objects with a single property native with the native HKEY handle as a V8 External value, for use in other native packages, or null after it is closed. For these values you can call closeKey once you are done to clean up early, but they will be closed by the garbage collector if you chose not to.

export enum HKEY {
  CLASSES_ROOT                   = 0x80000000,
  CURRENT_USER                   = 0x80000001,
  LOCAL_MACHINE                  = 0x80000002,
  USERS                          = 0x80000003,
  PERFORMANCE_DATA               = 0x80000004,
  PERFORMANCE_TEXT               = 0x80000050,
  PERFORMANCE_NLSTEXT            = 0x80000060,
  CURRENT_CONFIG                 = 0x80000005,
  DYN_DATA                       = 0x80000006,
  CURRENT_USER_LOCAL_SETTINGS    = 0x80000007,
}
Shorthands

Also exports the standard shorthand HKEY names:

export const HKCR = HKEY.CLASSES_ROOT;
export const HKCU = HKEY.CURRENT_USER;
export const HKLM = HKEY.LOCAL_MACHINE;
export const HKU = HKEY.USERS;
isHKEY

Helper returns if the argument is a valid-looking HKEY. Most APIs will throw an assertion error if hkey that does not return true for this is used.

Valid HKEY values are,

  • The values of the HKEY enum
  • Objects returned from createKey, openKey, loadAppKey and openCurrentUser
  • External values that represent HKEYs (for example, from another node addon)
  • Non-0 32-bit values that represent the pointer value of HKEYs (for example, from another node addon) - not that this is unreliable on 64-bit applications, and should be avoided.
export function isHKEY(hkey: any): boolean;

Access enum

Specifies access checks for opened or created keys. Not always enforced for opened keys:

Certain registry operations perform access checks against the security descriptor of the key, not the access mask specified when the handle to the key was obtained. For example, even if a key is opened with a samDesired of KEY_READ, it can be used to create registry keys if the key's security descriptor permits. In contrast, the RegSetValueEx function specifically requires that the key be opened with the KEY_SET_VALUE access right.

// from https://docs.microsoft.com/en-nz/windows/desktop/SysInfo/registry-key-security-and-access-rights
export enum Access {
  // Specific rights
  QUERY_VALUE         = 0x0001,
  SET_VALUE           = 0x0002,
  CREATE_SUB_KEY      = 0x0004,
  ENUMERATE_SUB_KEYS  = 0x0008,
  NOTIFY              = 0x0010,
  CREATE_LINK         = 0x0020,
 
  // WOW64. See https://docs.microsoft.com/en-nz/windows/desktop/WinProg64/accessing-an-alternate-registry-view
  WOW64_64KEY         = 0x0100,
  WOW64_32KEY         = 0x0200,
 
  // Generic rights.
  READ              = 0x2_0019,
  WRITE             = 0x2_0006,
  EXECUTE           = READ,
 
  ALL_ACCESS        = 0xF_003F,
}

ValueType enum

Types for registry values.

export enum ValueType  {
  NONE                       = 0, // No value type
  SZ                         = 1, // Unicode nul terminated string
  EXPAND_SZ                  = 2, // Unicode nul terminated string
                                  // (with environment variable references)
  BINARY                     = 3, // Free form binary
  DWORD                      = 4, // 32-bit number
  DWORD_LITTLE_ENDIAN        = 4, // 32-bit number (same as REG_DWORD)
  DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN           = 5, // 32-bit number
  LINK                       = 6, // Symbolic Link (unicode)
  MULTI_SZ                   = 7, // Multiple Unicode strings
  RESOURCE_LIST              = 8, // Resource list in the resource map
  FULL_RESOURCE_DESCRIPTOR   = 9, // Resource list in the hardware description
  RESOURCE_REQUIREMENTS_LIST = 10,
  QWORD                      = 11, // 64-bit number
  QWORD_LITTLE_ENDIAN        = 11, // 64-bit number (same as REG_QWORD)
}

Raw APIs

These APIs fairly directly wrap the Windows API linked, only abstracting some of the allocation and general usage style.

The exception is enumKeyNames and enumValueNames which iterate to build a list and only return the names, and not other properties.

Value

Raw registry values returned from queryValueRaw and getValueRaw are simply Node Buffers with an additional type property from ValueType:

export type Value = Buffer & { type: ValueType };

createKey

Wraps RegCreateKeyExW

Creates the specified registry key. If the key already exists, the function opens it. Note that key names are not case sensitive.

You must call closeKey on the result to clean up.

export function createKey(
  hkey: HKEY,
  subKey: string,
  access: Access,
  options: CreateKeyOptions = 0,
): HKEY;

openKey

Wraps RegOpenKeyExW

Opens the specified registry key. Note that key names are not case sensitive.

Returns null if subKey does not exist under hkey.

You must call closeKey on the result to clean up.

export function openKey(
  hkey: HKEY,
  subKey: string,
  access: Access,
  options: OpenKeyOptions = 0,
): HKEY | null;

loadAppKey

Wraps RegLoadAppKeyW

Loads the specified registry hive as an application hive.

You must call closeKey on the result to clean up.

export function loadAppKey(file: string, access: Access): HKEY;

openCurrentUser

Wraps RegOpenCurrentUser

Retrieves a handle to the HKEY_CURRENT_USER key for the user the current thread is impersonating.

Only makes sense to use if you have access to Windows user impersonation. Maybe take a look at my currently WIP Windows user account package.

You must call closeKey on the result to clean up.

export function openCurrentUser(access: Access): HKEY;

enumKeyNames

Wraps RegEnumKeyExW iterated to get the sub key names for a key.

Enumerates the subkeys of the specified open registry key.

export function enumKeyNames(hkey: HKEY): string[];

enumValueNames

Wraps RegEnumValueW iterated to get the value names for a key.

Enumerates the values for the specified open registry key.

export function enumValueNames(hkey: HKEY): string[];

queryValueRaw

Wraps RegQueryValueExW without additional parsing.

Retrieves the type and data for the specified value name associated with an open registry key.

You may want to use queryValue instead.

Returns null if valueName does not exist under hkey.

export function queryValueRaw(hkey: HKEY, valueName: string): Value | null;

getValueRaw

Wraps RegGetValueExW without additional parsing.

Retrieves the type and data for the specified registry value.

You may want to use getValue instead.

Returns null if subKey or valueName does not exist under hkey.

export function getValueRaw(
  hkey: HKEY,
  subKey: string,
  valueName: string,
  flags: GetValueFlags = 0,
): Value | null;

deleteKey

Wraps RegDeleteKeyW

Deletes a subkey and its values. Note that key names are not case sensitive.

Returns true if the key existed before it was deleted.

export function deleteKey(hkey: HKEY, subKey: string): boolean;

deleteTree

Wraps RegDeleteTreeW

Deletes the subkeys and values of the specified key recursively.

Returns true if the key existed before it was deleted.

export function deleteTree(hkey: HKEY, subKey: string): boolean;

deleteKeyValue

Wraps RegDeleteKeyValueW

Removes the specified value from the specified registry key and subkey.

Returns true if the value existed before it was deleted.

export function deleteKeyValue(
  hkey: HKEY,
  subKey: string,
  valueName: string,
): boolean;

deleteValue

Wraps RegDeleteValueW

Removes a named value from the specified registry key. Note that value names are not case sensitive.

Returns true if the value existed before it was deleted.

export function deleteValue(hkey: HKEY, valueName: string): boolean;

closeKey

Wraps RegCloseKey

Closes a handle to the specified registry key.

For convenience, null or undefined values are allowed and ignored.

export function closeKey(hkey: HKEY | null | undefined): void;

Format helpers

parseValue

Returns the JS-native value for common Value types:

  • SZ, EXPAND_SZ -> string
  • BINARY -> Buffer
  • DWORD / DWORD_LITTLE_ENDIAN -> number
  • DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN -> number
  • MULTI_SZ -> string[]

Throws if the type is not one of the above!

For convenience, passes through null so missing values don't have to be specially treated.

export type ParsedValue = number | string | string[] | Buffer;
export function parseValue(value: Value | null): ParsedValue | null;

parseString

Parses SZ and EXPAND_SZ (etc.) registry values.

export function parseString(value: Buffer): string;

parseString

Parses SZ and EXPAND_SZ (etc.) registry values.

export function parseString(value: Buffer): string;

parseMultiString

Parses MULTI_SZ registry values.

export function parseMultiString(value: Buffer): string[];

formatString

Formats a string to SZ, EXPAND_SZ (etc.) format.

export function formatString(value: string): Buffer;

formatMultiString

Formats an array of strings to MULTI_SZ format.

export function formatMultiString(values: string[]): Buffer;

formatDWORD

Formats a number to DWORD / DWORD_LITTLE_ENDIAN format.

export function formatDWORD(value: number): Buffer;

formatQWORD

Formats a number to QWORD format.

export function formatQWORD(value: number): Buffer;

Formatted value APIs

These APIs wrap the raw value APIs with the formatting helpers.

setValue{Type}

Sets the registry value with a matching {Type} and formatted value.

For example, setValueSZ is setValueRaw(hkey, valueName, ValueType.SZ, formatString(value)).

export function setValueSZ(
  hkey: HKEY,
  valueName: string,
  value: string,
): void;
export function setValueEXPAND_SZ(
  hkey: HKEY,
  valueName: string,
  value: string,
): void;
export function setValueMULTI_SZ(
  hkey: HKEY,
  valueName: string,
  value: string[],
): void;
export function setValueDWORD(
  hkey: HKEY,
  valueName: string,
  value: number,
): void;
export function setValueQWORD(
  hkey: HKEY,
  valueName: string,
  value: number,
): void;

getValue

Wraps getValueRaw in parseValue.

export function getValue(
  hkey: HKEY,
  subKey: string,
  valueName: string,
  flags: GetValueFlags = 0,
): ParsedValue | null;

queryValue

Wraps queryValueRaw in parseValue.

export function queryValue(hkey: HKEY, valueName: string): ParsedValue | null;

Install

npm i native-reg

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

298

Version

0.3.3

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

336 kB

Total Files

20

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