Wondering what’s next for npm?Check out our public roadmap! »

    micro-memoize
    TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    4.0.9 • Public • Published

    micro-memoize

    A tiny, crazy fast memoization library for the 95% use-case

    Table of contents

    Summary

    As the author of moize, I created a consistently fast memoization library, but moize has a lot of features to satisfy a large number of edge cases. micro-memoize is a simpler approach, focusing on the core feature set with a much smaller footprint (~1.5kB minified+gzipped). Stripping out these edge cases also allows micro-memoize to be faster across the board than moize.

    Importing

    ESM in browsers:

    import memoize from "micro-memoize";

    ESM in NodeJS:

    import memoize from "micro-memoize/mjs";

    CommonJS:

    const memoize = require("micro-memoize");

    Usage

    const assembleToObject = (one: string, two: string) => ({ one, two });
     
    const memoized = memoize(assembleToObject);
     
    console.log(memoized("one", "two")); // {one: 'one', two: 'two'}
    console.log(memoized("one", "two")); // pulled from cache, {one: 'one', two: 'two'}

    Types

    If you need them, all types are available under the MicroMemoize namespace.

    import { MicroMemoize } from "micro-memoize";

    Composition

    Starting in 4.0.0, you can compose memoized functions if you want to have multiple types of memoized versions based on different options.

    const simple = memoized(fn); // { maxSize: 1 }
    const upToFive = memoized(simple, { maxSize: 5 }); // { maxSize: 5 }
    const withCustomEquals = memoized(upToFive, { isEqual: deepEqual }); // { maxSize: 5, isEqual: deepEqual }

    NOTE: The original function is the function used in the composition, the composition only applies to the options. In the example above, upToFive does not call simple, it calls fn.

    Options

    isEqual

    function(object1: any, object2: any): boolean, defaults to isSameValueZero

    Custom method to compare equality of keys, determining whether to pull from cache or not, by comparing each argument in order.

    Common use-cases:

    • Deep equality comparison
    • Limiting the arguments compared
    import { deepEqual } from "fast-equals";
     
    type ContrivedObject = {
      deep: string;
    };
     
    const deepObject = (object: {
      foo: ContrivedObject;
      bar: ContrivedObject;
    }) => ({
      foo: object.foo,
      bar: object.bar
    });
     
    const memoizedDeepObject = memoize(deepObject, { isEqual: deepEqual });
     
    console.log(
      memoizedDeepObject({
        foo: {
          deep: "foo"
        },
        bar: {
          deep: "bar"
        },
        baz: {
          deep: "baz"
        }
      })
    ); // {foo: {deep: 'foo'}, bar: {deep: 'bar'}}
     
    console.log(
      memoizedDeepObject({
        foo: {
          deep: "foo"
        },
        bar: {
          deep: "bar"
        },
        baz: {
          deep: "baz"
        }
      })
    ); // pulled from cache

    NOTE: The default method tests for SameValueZero equality, which is summarized as strictly equal while also considering NaN equal to NaN.

    isMatchingKey

    function(object1: any[], object2: any[]): boolean

    Custom method to compare equality of keys, determining whether to pull from cache or not, by comparing the entire key.

    Common use-cases:

    • Comparing the shape of the key
    • Matching on values regardless of order
    • Serialization of arguments
    import { deepEqual } from "fast-equals";
     
    type ContrivedObject = { foo: string; bar: number };
     
    const deepObject = (object: ContrivedObject) => ({
      foo: object.foo,
      bar: object.bar
    });
     
    const memoizedShape = memoize(deepObject, {
      // receives the full key in cache and the full key of the most recent call
      isMatchingKey([object1]: [ContrivedObject], [object2]: [ContrivedObject]) {
        return (
          object1.hasOwnProperty("foo") &&
          object2.hasOwnProperty("foo") &&
          object1.bar === object2.bar
        );
      }
    });
     
    console.log(
      memoizedShape({
        foo: "foo",
        bar: "bar",
        baz: "baz"
      })
    ); // {foo: {deep: 'foo'}, bar: {deep: 'bar'}}
     
    console.log(
      memoizedShape({
        foo: "not foo",
        bar: "bar",
        baz: "baz"
      })
    ); // pulled from cache

    isPromise

    boolean, defaults to false

    Identifies the value returned from the method as a Promise, which will result in one of two possible scenarios:

    • If the promise is resolved, it will fire the onCacheHit and onCacheChange options
    • If the promise is rejected, it will trigger auto-removal from cache
    const fn = async (one: string, two: string) => {
      return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        setTimeout(() => {
          reject(new Error({ one, two }));
        }, 500);
      });
    };
     
    const memoized = memoize(fn, { isPromise: true });
     
    memoized("one", "two");
     
    console.log(memoized.cache.snapshot.keys); // [['one', 'two']]
    console.log(memoized.cache.snapshot.values); // [Promise]
     
    setTimeout(() => {
      console.log(memoized.cache.snapshot.keys); // []
      console.log(memoized.cache.snapshot.values); // []
    }, 1000);

    NOTE: If you don't want rejections to auto-remove the entry from cache, set isPromise to false (or simply do not set it), but be aware this will also remove the cache listeners that fire on successful resolution.

    maxSize

    number, defaults to 1

    The number of values to store in cache, based on a Least Recently Used basis. This operates the same as maxSize on moize, with the exception of the default being different.

    const manyPossibleArgs = (one: string, two: string) => [one, two];
     
    const memoized = memoize(manyPossibleArgs, { maxSize: 3 });
     
    console.log(memoized("one", "two")); // ['one', 'two']
    console.log(memoized("two", "three")); // ['two', 'three']
    console.log(memoized("three", "four")); // ['three', 'four']
     
    console.log(memoized("one", "two")); // pulled from cache
    console.log(memoized("two", "three")); // pulled from cache
    console.log(memoized("three", "four")); // pulled from cache
     
    console.log(memoized("four", "five")); // ['four', 'five'], drops ['one', 'two'] from cache

    NOTE: The default for micro-memoize differs from the default implementation of moize. moize will store an infinite number of results unless restricted, whereas micro-memoize will only store the most recent result. In this way, the default implementation of micro-memoize operates more like moize.simple.

    onCacheAdd

    function(cache: Cache, options: Options): void

    Callback method that executes whenever the cache is added to. This is mainly to allow for higher-order caching managers that use micro-memoize to perform superset functionality on the cache object.

    const fn = (one: string, two: string) => [one, two];
     
    const memoized = memoize(fn, {
      onCacheAdd(cache: Cache, options: Options) {
        console.log("cache has been added to: ", cache);
        console.log("memoized method has the following options applied: ", options);
      }
    });
     
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache has been added to
    memoized("foo", "bar");
    memoized("foo", "bar");
     
    memoized("bar", "foo"); // cache has been added to
    memoized("bar", "foo");
    memoized("bar", "foo");
     
    memoized("foo", "bar");
    memoized("foo", "bar");
    memoized("foo", "bar");

    NOTE: This method is not executed when the cache is manually manipulated, only when changed via calling the memoized method.

    onCacheChange

    function(cache: Cache, options: Options): void

    Callback method that executes whenever the cache is added to or the order is updated. This is mainly to allow for higher-order caching managers that use micro-memoize to perform superset functionality on the cache object.

    const fn = (one: string, two: string) => [one, two];
     
    const memoized = memoize(fn, {
      onCacheChange(cache: Cache, options: Options) {
        console.log("cache has changed: ", cache);
        console.log("memoized method has the following options applied: ", options);
      }
    });
     
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache has changed
    memoized("foo", "bar");
    memoized("foo", "bar");
     
    memoized("bar", "foo"); // cache has changed
    memoized("bar", "foo");
    memoized("bar", "foo");
     
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache has changed
    memoized("foo", "bar");
    memoized("foo", "bar");

    NOTE: This method is not executed when the cache is manually manipulated, only when changed via calling the memoized method. When the execution of other cache listeners (onCacheAdd, onCacheHit) is applicable, this method will execute after those methods.

    onCacheHit

    function(cache: Cache, options: Options): void

    Callback method that executes whenever the cache is hit, whether the order is updated or not. This is mainly to allow for higher-order caching managers that use micro-memoize to perform superset functionality on the cache object.

    const fn = (one: string, two: string) => [one, two];
     
    const memoized = memoize(fn, {
      maxSize: 2,
      onCacheHit(cache: Cache, options: Options) {
        console.log("cache was hit: ", cache);
        console.log("memoized method has the following options applied: ", options);
      }
    });
     
    memoized("foo", "bar");
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache was hit
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache was hit
     
    memoized("bar", "foo");
    memoized("bar", "foo"); // cache was hit
    memoized("bar", "foo"); // cache was hit
     
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache was hit
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache was hit
    memoized("foo", "bar"); // cache was hit

    NOTE: This method is not executed when the cache is manually manipulated, only when changed via calling the memoized method.

    transformKey

    function(Array<any>): any

    A method that allows you transform the key that is used for caching, if you want to use something other than the pure arguments.

    const ignoreFunctionArgs = (one: string, two: () => {}) => [one, two];
     
    const memoized = memoize(ignoreFunctionArgs, {
      transformKey: JSON.stringify
    });
     
    console.log(memoized("one", () => {})); // ['one', () => {}]
    console.log(memoized("one", () => {})); // pulled from cache, ['one', () => {}]

    If your transformed keys require something other than SameValueZero equality, you can combine transformKey with isEqual for completely custom key creation and comparison.

    const ignoreFunctionArgs = (one: string, two: () => {}) => [one, two];
     
    const memoized = memoize(ignoreFunctionArgs, {
      isEqual(key1: string, key2: string) {
        return key1.args === key2.args;
      },
      transformKey(args: any[]) {
        return {
          args: JSON.stringify(args)
        };
      }
    });
     
    console.log(memoized("one", () => {})); // ['one', () => {}]
    console.log(memoized("one", () => {})); // pulled from cache, ['one', () => {}]

    Additional properties

    memoized.cache

    Object

    The cache object that is used internally. The shape of this structure:

    {
      keysany[][], // available as MicroMemoize.Key[]
      valuesany[] // available as MicroMemoize.Value[]
    }

    The exposure of this object is to allow for manual manipulation of keys/values (injection, removal, expiration, etc).

    const method = (one: string, two: string) => ({ one, two });
     
    const memoized = memoize(method);
     
    memoized.cache.keys.push(["one", "two"]);
    memoized.cache.values.push("cached");
     
    console.log(memoized("one", "two")); // 'cached'

    NOTE: moize offers a variety of convenience methods for this manual cache manipulation, and while micro-memoize allows all the same capabilities by exposing the cache, it does not provide any convenience methods.

    memoized.cache.snapshot

    Object

    This is identical to the cache object referenced above, but it is a deep clone created at request, which will provide a persistent snapshot of the values at that time. This is useful when tracking the cache changes over time, as the cache object is mutated internally for performance reasons.

    memoized.fn

    function

    The original function passed to be memoized.

    memoized.isMemoized

    boolean

    Hard-coded to true when the function is memoized. This is useful for introspection, to identify if a method has been memoized or not.

    memoized.options

    Object

    The options passed when creating the memoized method.

    Benchmarks

    All values provided are the number of operations per second (ops/sec) calculated by the Benchmark suite. Note that underscore, lodash, and ramda do not support mulitple-parameter memoization (which is where micro-memoize really shines), so they are not included in those benchmarks.

    Benchmarks was performed on an i7 8-core Arch Linux laptop with 16GB of memory using NodeJS version 10.15.0. The default configuration of each library was tested with a fibonacci calculation based on the following parameters:

    • Single primitive = 35
    • Single object = {number: 35}
    • Multiple primitives = 35, true
    • Multiple objects = {number: 35}, {isComplete: true}

    NOTE: Not all libraries tested support multiple parameters out of the box, but support the ability to pass a custom resolver. Because these often need to resolve to a string value, a common suggestion is to just JSON.stringify the arguments, so that is what is used when needed.

    Single parameter (primitive only)

    This is usually what benchmarks target for ... its the least-likely use-case, but the easiest to optimize, often at the expense of more common use-cases.

    Operations / second
    fast-memoize 59,069,204
    micro-memoize 48,267,295
    lru-memoize 46,781,143
    Addy Osmani 32,372,414
    lodash 29,297,916
    ramda 25,054,838
    mem 24,848,072
    underscore 24,847,818
    memoizee 18,272,987
    memoizerific 7,302,835

    Single parameter (complex object)

    This is what most memoization libraries target as the primary use-case, as it removes the complexities of multiple arguments but allows for usage with one to many values.

    Operations / second
    micro-memoize 40,360,621
    lodash 30,862,028
    lru-memoize 25,740,572
    memoizee 12,058,375
    memoizerific 6,854,855
    ramda 2,287,030
    underscore 2,270,574
    Addy Osmani 2,076,031
    mem 2,001,984
    fast-memoize 1,591,019

    Multiple parameters (primitives only)

    This is a very common use-case for function calls, but can be more difficult to optimize because you need to account for multiple possibilities ... did the number of arguments change, are there default arguments, etc.

    Operations / second
    micro-memoize 33,546,353
    lru-memoize 20,884,669
    memoizee 7,831,161
    Addy Osmani 6,447,448
    memoizerific 5,587,779
    mem 2,620,943
    underscore 1,617,687
    ramda 1,569,167
    lodash 1,512,515
    fast-memoize 1,376,665

    Multiple parameters (complex objects)

    This is the most robust use-case, with the same complexities as multiple primitives but managing bulkier objects with additional edge scenarios (destructured with defaults, for example).

    Operations / second
    micro-memoize 34,857,438
    lru-memoize 20,838,330
    memoizee 7,820,066
    memoizerific 5,761,357
    mem 1,184,550
    ramda 1,034,937
    underscore 1,021,480
    Addy Osmani 1,014,642
    lodash 1,014,060
    fast-memoize 949,213

    Browser support

    • Chrome (all versions)
    • Firefox (all versions)
    • Edge (all versions)
    • Opera 15+
    • IE 9+
    • Safari 6+
    • iOS 8+
    • Android 4+

    Node support

    • 4+

    Development

    Standard stuff, clone the repo and npm install dependencies. The npm scripts available:

    • build => run webpack to build development dist file with NODE_ENV=development
    • build:minifed => run webpack to build production dist file with NODE_ENV=production
    • dev => run webpack dev server to run example app (playground!)
    • dist => runs build and build-minified
    • lint => run ESLint against all files in the src folder
    • prepublish => runs compile-for-publish
    • prepublish:compile => run lint, test, transpile:es, transpile:lib, dist
    • test => run AVA test functions with NODE_ENV=test
    • test:coverage => run test but with nyc for coverage checker
    • test:watch => run test, but with persistent watcher
    • transpile:lib => run babel against all files in src to create files in lib
    • transpile:es => run babel against all files in src to create files in es, preserving ES2015 modules (for pkg.module)

    Install

    npm i micro-memoize

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    130,151

    Version

    4.0.9

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    235 kB

    Total Files

    30

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • avatar