merkle-tools-sha3

    1.0.7 • Public • Published

    merkle-tools-sha3

    npm npm

    Tools for creating Merkle trees, generating merkle proofs, and verification of merkle proofs.

    Forked from Tierion/merkle-tools

    Needs further testing, untested. Use with caution.
    

    Changes

    - Only added SHA3-512 Keccak support from [sha3 package](https://www.npmjs.com/package/sha3)
    - SHA3-512 keccak by default.
    

    TODO

    - Add the rest of the SHA3 family.
    - Testing
    

    Installation

    $ npm install --save merkle-tools-sha3
    

    Create MerkleTools Object

    var merkletools = require('merkle-tools-sha3');
     
    var treeOptions = {
      hashType: 'md5' // optional, any valid crypto-js hash algorithm and sha3-512 Keccak. By defaults is 'sha3-512'
    };
     
    var merkleTools = new merkletools(treeOptions); // treeOptions is optional

    Methods

    addLeaf(value, doHash)

    Adds a value as a leaf to the tree. The value must be either a Buffer or a hex string, otherwise set the optional doHash to true to have your value hashed prior to being added to the tree.

    var hexData = '05ae04314577b2783b4be98211d1b72476c59e9c413cfb2afa2f0c68e0d93911';
    var otherData = 'Some text data, perhaps';
     
    merkleTools.addLeaf(hexData);
    merkleTools.addLeaf(otherData, true);

    addLeaves(valueArray, doHash)

    Adds an array of values as leaves to the tree. The values must be either a Buffers or a hex strings, otherwise set the optional doHash to true to have your values hashed prior to being added to the tree.

    var hexData = ['05ae04314577b2783b4be98211d1b72476c59e9c413cfb2afa2f0c68e0d93911', 'c5ed1192d909d1af814f64c7dc9e6a4983a63891a2c59ed14448d90271cb5519', 
    '4bac27393bdd9777ce02453256c5577cd02275510b2227f473d03f533924f877'];
    var otherData = ['l', 'm', 'n', 'o', 'p'];
     
    merkleTools.addLeaves(hexData);
    merkleTools.addLeaves(otherData, true);

    getLeafCount()

    Returns the number of leaves that are currently added to the tree.

    var leafCount =  merkleTools.getLeafCount();

    getLeaf(index)

    Returns the value of the leaf at the given index as a Buffer. Returns null if no leaf exists at the given index.

    var leafValue =  merkleTools.getLeaf(5);

    resetTree()

    Removes all the leaves from the tree, prepararing to to begin creating a new tree.

    merkleTools.resetTree();

    makeTree()

    Generates the merkle tree using the leaves that have been added.

    merkleTools.makeTree();

    getTreeReadyState()

    Returns boolean indicating if the tree is build and ready to supply its root and proofs. The Ready state is True only after the tree is built with 'makeTree'. Adding leaves or restting the tree will change the ready state to False.

    var isReady =  merkleTools.getTreeReadyState();

    getMerkleRoot()

    Returns the merkle root of the tree as a Buffer. If the tree is not ready, null is returned.

    var rootValue = merkleTools.getMerkleRoot();

    getProof(index)

    Returns the proof as an array of hash objects for the leaf at the given index. If the tree is not ready or no leaf exists at the given index, null is returned.

    var proof = merkleTools.getProof(2);
     
    // example: 
    // proof == [
    //   { right: '09096dbc49b7909917e13b795ebf289ace50b870440f10424af8845fb7761ea5' },
    //   { right: 'ed2456914e48c1e17b7bd922177291ef8b7f553edf1b1f66b6fc1a076524b22f' },
    //   { left: 'eac53dde9661daf47a428efea28c81a021c06d64f98eeabbdcff442d992153a8' },
    // ]

    The proof array contains a set of merkle sibling objects. Each object contains the sibling hash, with the key value of either right or left. The right or left value tells you where that sibling was in relation to the current hash being evaluated. This information is needed for proof validation, as explained in the following section.

    validateProof(proof, targetHash, merkleRoot)

    Returns a boolean indicating whether or not the proof is valid and correctly connects the targetHash to the merkleRoot. Proof is a proof array as supplied by the 'getProof' method. The targetHash and merkleRoot parameters must be Buffers or hex strings.

    var proof = [
       { right: '09096dbc49b7909917e13b795ebf289ace50b870440f10424af8845fb7761ea5' },
       { right: 'ed2456914e48c1e17b7bd922177291ef8b7f553edf1b1f66b6fc1a076524b22f' },
       { left: 'eac53dde9661daf47a428efea28c81a021c06d64f98eeabbdcff442d992153a8' },
     ];
    var targetHash = '36e0fd847d927d68475f32a94efff30812ee3ce87c7752973f4dd7476aa2e97e';
    var merkleRoot = 'b8b1f39aa2e3fc2dde37f3df04e829f514fb98369b522bfb35c663befa896766';
     
    var isValid = merkleTools.validateProof(proof, targetHash, merkleRoot);

    The proof process uses all the proof objects in the array to attempt to prove a relationship between the targetHash and the merkleRoot values. The steps to validate a proof are:

    1. Concatenate targetHash and the first hash in the proof array. The right or left designation specifies which side of the concatenation that the proof hash value should be on.
    2. Hash the resulting value.
    3. Concatenate the resulting hash with the next hash in the proof array, using the same left and right rules.
    4. Hash that value and continue the process until you’ve gone through each item in the proof array.
    5. The final hash value should equal the merkleRoot value if the proof is valid, otherwise the proof is invalid.

    Common Usage

    Creating a tree and generating the proofs

    var merkletools = require('merkle-tools');
     
    var merkleTools = new merkletools(); // no options, defaults to sha-256 hash type
     
    // add some leaves to the tree
    merkleTools.addLeaf('7d49f074d2c3fa193e305bc109892f20760cbbecc218b43394a9356da35a72b3');
    merkleTools.addLeaf('ba78a656108137a01f104b82a3554cedffce9f36e8a4149d68e0310b0943c09d');
    merkleTools.addLeaves(['x', 'y', 'z'], true); // we must indicate these values need to be hashed
     
    merkleTools.makeTree();
     
    var proof0 = merkleTools.getProof(0);
    var proof1 = merkleTools.getProof(1);
    var proof2 = merkleTools.getProof(2);
     
    merkleTools.resetTree(); // use this when done with this tree and you intend on creating a new one
     

    Notes

    About tree generation

    1. Internally, leaves are stored as Buffers. When the tree is build, it is generated by hashing together the Buffer values.

    2. Lonely leaf nodes are promoted to the next level up, as depicted below.

                        ROOT=Hash(H+E)
                        /        \
                       /          \
                H=Hash(F+G)        E
                /       \           \
               /         \           \
        F=Hash(A+B)    G=Hash(C+D)    E
         /     \        /     \        \
        /       \      /       \        \
       A         B    C         D        E
      

    Install

    npm i merkle-tools-sha3

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    12

    Version

    1.0.7

    License

    MIT

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • kartojal