Wondering what’s next for npm?Check out our public roadmap! »

    jest-pact
    TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    0.8.3 • Public • Published

    Jest-Pact

    npm version npm TravisCI Maintainability Coverage Status Dependency Status devDependency Status

    Jest Adaptor to help write Pact files with ease

    Features

    • [x] instantiates the PactOptions for you
    • [x] Setups Pact mock service before and after hooks so you don’t have to
    • [x] Set Jest timeout to 30 seconds preventing brittle tests in slow environments like Docker
    • [x] Sensible defaults for the pact options that make sense with Jest
    • [x] Supports both the main release of pact-js (9.x.x) and the beta 10.x.x for Pact spec V3

    Jest-Pact Roadmap

    • [ ] Ensure that jest-pact plays well with jest's default of watch-mode
    • [ ] Ensure that pact failures print nice diffs (at the moment you have to go digging in the log files)
    • [ ] Add a setup hook for clearing out log and pact files

    Adapter Installation

    # For pact @ 9.x
    npm install --save-dev jest-pact
    yarn add jest-pact --dev
    
    # For pact @ 10.0.0-beta.x
    npm install --save-dev jest-pact@beta
    yarn add jest-pact@beta --dev
    

    If you have more than one file with pact tests for the same consumer/provider pair, you will also need to add --runInBand to your jest or react-scripts test command in your package.json. This avoids race conditions with the mock server writing to the pact file.

    Usage

    Say that your API layer looks something like this:

    import axios from 'axios';
    
    const defaultBaseUrl = 'http://your-api.example.com';
    
    export const api = (baseUrl = defaultBaseUrl) => ({
      getHealth: () =>
        axios.get(`${baseUrl}/health`).then((response) => response.data.status),
      /* other endpoints here */
    });

    Then your test might look like:

    import { pactWith } from 'jest-pact';
    import { Matchers } from '@pact-foundation/pact';
    import api from 'yourCode';
    
    pactWith({ consumer: 'MyConsumer', provider: 'MyProvider' }, provider => {
      let client;
    
      beforeEach(() => {
        client = api(provider.mockService.baseUrl)
      });
    
      describe('health endpoint', () => {
        // Here we set up the interaction that the Pact
        // mock provider will expect.
        //
        // jest-pact takes care of validating and tearing
        // down the provider for you.
        beforeEach(() => // note the implicit return.
                         // addInteraction returns a promise.
                         // If you don't want to implict return,
                         // you will need to `await` the result
          provider.addInteraction({
            state: "Server is healthy",
            uponReceiving: 'A request for API health',
            willRespondWith: {
              status: 200,
              body: {
                status: Matchers.like('up'),
              },
            },
            withRequest: {
              method: 'GET',
              path: '/health',
            },
          })
        );
    
        // You also test that the API returns the correct
        // response to the data layer.
        //
        // Although Pact will ensure that the provider
        // returned the expected object, you need to test that
        // your code recieves the right object.
        //
        // This is often the same as the object that was
        // in the network response, but (as illustrated
        // here) not always.
        it('returns server health', () => // implicit return again
          client.health().then(health => {
            expect(health).toEqual('up');
          }));
      });

    V3 Pact spec with 10.0.0-beta.x

    See the usage instructions here

    Best practices

    You can make your tests easier to read by extracting your request and responses:

    /* pact.fixtures.js */
    import { Matchers } from '@pact-foundation/pact';
    
    export const healthRequest = {
      uponReceiving: 'A request for API health',
      withRequest: {
        method: 'GET',
        path: '/health',
      },
    };
    
    export const healthyResponse = {
      status: 200,
      body: {
        status: Matchers.like('up'),
      },
    };
    import { pactWith } from 'jest-pact';
    import { healthRequest, healthyResponse } from "./pact.fixtures";
    
    import api from 'yourCode';
    
    pactWith({ consumer: 'MyConsumer', provider: 'MyProvider' }, provider => {
      let client;
    
      beforeEach(() => {
        client = api(provider.mockService.baseUrl)
      });
    
      describe('health endpoint', () => {
    
        beforeEach(() =>
          provider.addInteraction({
            state: "Server is healthy",
            ...healthRequest,
            willRespondWith: healthyResponse
          })
        );
    
        it('returns server health', () =>
          client.health().then(health => {
            expect(health).toEqual('up');
          }));
      });

    Common gotchas

    • Forgetting to wait for the promise from addInteraction in beforeEach. You can return the promise, or use async/await. If you forget this, your interaction may not be set up before the test runs.
    • Forgetting to wait for the promise of your API call in it. You can return the promise, or use async/await. If you forget this, your test may pass before the expect assertion runs, causing a potentially false success.
    • Not running jest with --runInBand. If you have multiple test files that write to the same contract, you will need this to avoid intermittent failures when writing the contract file.
    • It's a good idea to specify a different log file for each invocation of pactWith, otherwise the logs will get overwritten when other specs start. If you provide an explicit port, then the default mockserver log filename includes the port number.

    API Documentation

    Jest-Pact has two primary functions:

    • pactWith(JestPactOptions, (providerMock) => { /* tests go here */ }): a wrapper that sets up a pact mock provider, applies sensible default options, and applies the setup and verification hooks so you don't have to
    • messagePactWith(JestMessageConsumerOptions, (messagePact) => { /* tests go here */ }): a wrapper that sets up a message pact instance and applies sensible default options

    Additionally, pactWith.only / fpactWith, pactWith.skip / xpactWith, messagePactWith.only / fmessagePactWith and messagePactWith.skip / xmessagePactWith behave as you would expect from Jest.

    There are two types exported:

    • JestProvidedPactFn: This is the type of the second argument to pactWith, ie: (provider: Pact) => void
    • JestPactOptions: An extended version of PactOptions that has some additional convienience options (see below).

    Configuration

    You can use all the usual PactOptions from pact-js, plus a timeout for telling jest to wait a bit longer for pact to start and run.

    pactWith(JestPactOptions, (provider) => {
      // regular http pact tests go here
    });
    messagePactWith(JestMessageConsumerOptions, (messagePact) => {
      // regular message pact tests go here
    });
    
    interface ExtraOptions {
      timeout?: number; // Timeout for pact service start/teardown, expressed in milliseconds
      // Default is 30000 milliseconds (30 seconds).
      logDir?: string; // path for the log file
      logFileName?: string; // filename for the log file
    }
    
    type JestPactOptions = PactOptions & ExtraOptions;
    
    type JestMessageConsumerOptions = MessageConsumerOptions & ExtraOptions;

    Defaults

    Jest-Pact sets some helpful default PactOptions for you. You can override any of these by explicitly setting corresponding option. Here are the defaults:

    • log is set so that log files are written to /pact/logs, and named <consumer>-<provider>-mockserver-interaction.log. If you provided an explicit port, then the log file name is <consumer>-<provider>-mockserver-interaction-port-<portNumber>.log
    • dir is set so that pact files are written to /pact/pacts
    • logLevel is set to warn
    • timeout is 30,000 milliseconds (30 seconds)
    • pactfileWriteMode is set to "update"

    Most of the time you won't need to change these.

    A common use case for log is to change only the filename or the path for logging. To help with this, Jest-Pact provides convienience options logDir and logFileName. These allow you to set the path or the filename independently. In case you're wondering, if you specify log, logDir and logFileName, the convienience options are ignored and log takes precidence.

    Jest Watch Mode

    By default Jest will watch all your files for changes, which means it will run in an infinite loop as your pact tests will generate json pact files and log files.

    You can get around this by using the following watchPathIgnorePatterns: ["pact/logs/*","pact/pacts/*"] in your jest.config.js

    Example

    module.exports = {
      testMatch: ['**/*.test.(ts|js)', '**/*.it.(ts|js)', '**/*.pacttest.(ts|js)'],
      watchPathIgnorePatterns: ['pact/logs/*', 'pact/pacts/*'],
    };

    You can now run your tests with jest --watch and when you change a pact file, or your source code, your pact tests will run

    Examples of usage of jest-pact

    See Jest-Pact-Typescript which showcases a full consumer workflow written in Typescript with Jest, using this adaptor

    • [x] Example pact tests
      • [x] AWS v4 Signed API Gateway Provider
      • [x] Soap API provider
      • [x] File upload API provider
      • [x] JSON API provider

    Examples Installation

    • clone repository git@github.com:YOU54F/jest-pact-typescript.git
    • Run yarn install
    • Run yarn run pact-test

    Generated pacts will be output in pact/pacts Log files will be output in pact/logs

    Credits

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i jest-pact

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    41,043

    Version

    0.8.3

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    30.3 kB

    Total Files

    21

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • avatar
    • avatar
    • avatar