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geotic

3.3.0 • Public • Published

geotic

adjective physically concerning land or its inhabitants.

  • entity a unique id and a collection of components
  • component a data container
  • query a way to gather collections of entities that match some criteria, for use in systems.
  • prefab a pre-defined collection of components and even other prefabs to quickly build entities
  • event a message to an entity and it's components

This library is heavily inspired by ECS in Caves of Qud:

usage

npm install geotic

Below is a contrived example which shows the absolute basics of geotic. A larger example with pixi, rollup, and babel, can be found here.

import { Engine, Component, Prefab } from 'geotic';
 
const ecs = new Engine();
 
// define some simple components
class Position extends Component {
    static properties { x: 0, y: 0 };
}
class Velocity extends Component {
    static properties { x: 0, y: 0 };
}
class Frozen extends Component {
}
 
// all Components and Prefabs must be `registered` by the engine
ecs.registerComponent(Position);
ecs.registerComponent(Velocity);
ecs.registerComponent(Frozen);
 
...
 
// Create an empty entity. Call `entity.id` to get the unique ID.
const entity = ecs.createEntity();
 
// add Position and Velocity components to this entity
entity.addComponent(Position, { x: 4, y: 10 });
entity.addComponent(Velocity, { x: 1, y: .25 });
 
// create a query that tracks all components that have both a `Position`
// and `Velocity` component but not a `Frozen` component. A query can
// have any combination of `all`, `none` and `any`
const kinematics = ecs.createQuery({
    all: [Position, Velocity],
    none: [Frozen]
});
 
...
 
const loop = (dt) => {
    // loop over the result set to update the position for all entities
    // in the query. The query will always return an up-to-date `Set`
    // containing entities that match
    kinematics.get().forEach((entity) => {
        entity.position.x += entity.velocity.x * dt;
        entity.position.y += entity.velocity.y * dt;
    });
};
 
const data = ecs.serialize(); // serialize the game state into a javascript object
 
...
 
ecs.deserialize(data); // convert the serialized data back into entities and components
 

entities

a unique id and a collection of components

const zombie = engine.createEntity();
 
zombie.add('Name', { value: 'Donnie' });
zombie.add('Position', { x: 2, y: 0, z: 3 });
zombie.add('Velocity', { x: 0, y: 0, z: 1 });
zombie.add('Health', { value: 200 });
zombie.add('Enemy');

Entity properties and methods:

  • id: the entities' unique id. Generated by the engine.
  • ecs: the geotic Engine instance
  • isDestroyed: returns true if this entity is destroyed
  • components: all component instances attached to this entity
  • add(componentName, props={}): create and add registered component to the entity
  • has(componentName, key=''): returns true if entity has component
  • get(componentName, key=''): get a component attached to this entity
  • owns(component): returns true if the specified component belongs to this entity
  • destroy(): destroy the entity and all of it's components
  • remove(componentName, key=''): remove (detach) component from the entity
  • attach(component): attach a component that has been removed
  • serialize(): serialize this entity and it's components
  • fireEvent(name, data={}): send an event to all components on the entity

components

a data container

A component must be defined and then registered with the Engine. This example defines a simple Health component:

import { Component } from 'geotic';
 
class Health extends Component {
    // these props are defaulting to 10
    // anything defined here will be serialized
    static properties {
        current: 10,
        maximum: 10,
    };
 
    // arbitrary helper methods and properties can be declared on
    // components. Note that these will NOT be serialized
    get isAlive() {
        return this.current > 0;
    }
 
    // This is automatically invoked when a `damage-taken` event is fired
    // on the entity: `entity.fireEvent('damage-taken', { damage: 12 })`
    // the `camelcase` library is used to map event names to methods
    onDamageTaken(evt) {
        // event `data` is an arbitray object passed as the second parameter
        // to entity.fireEvent(...)
        this.reduce(evt.data.damage);
 
        // handling the event will prevent it from continuing
        // to any other components on the entity
        evt.handle();
    }
 
    reduce(amount) {
        this.current = Math.max(this.current - amount, 0);
    }
 
    heal(amount) {
        this.current = Math.min(this.current + amount, this.maximum);
    }
}

Component properties and methods:

  • static properties = {} object that defines the properties of the component. These can also reference an entity or an array of entites by setting the default value to <Entity> and <EntityArray> respectively!
  • static allowMultiple = false are multiple of this component type allowed? If true, components will either be stored as an object or array on the entity, depending on keyProperty.
  • static keyProperty = null what property should be used as the key for accessing this component. if allowMultiple is false, this has no effect. If this property is omitted, it will be stored as an array on the component.
  • isAttached returns true if this component is attached to an entity
  • isDestroyed returns true if this component is destroyed
  • properties returns the properties
  • serialize() serialize just this component
  • destroy() remove and destroy this component
  • clone() clone this component, returns an identical component instance that is detached
  • remove(destroy = true) remove this component. if destroy=true then this behaves the same as destroy()
  • onAttached() override this method to add behavior when this component is attached (added) to an entity
  • onDetached() override this method to add behavior when this component is detached (removed) to an entity
  • onDestroyed() override this method to add behavior when this component is destroyed
  • onEvent(evt) override this method to capture all events coming to this component

This example shows how allowMultiple and keyProperty work:

class Impulse extends Component {
    static properties = {
        x: 0,
        y: 0,
    };
    static allowMultiple = true;
}
 
ecs.registerComponent(Impulse);
 
...
 
// add multiple `Impulse` components to the player
player.add(Impulse, { x: 3, y: 2 });
player.add(Impulse, { x: 1, y: 0 });
player.add(Impulse, { x: 5, y: 6 });
 
...
 
// returns the array of Impulse components. Same as `player.impulse`
player.get(Impulse);
// returns the Impulse at position `2`. Similar to `player.impulse[2]`,
// but will exit early if the entity does not have the `Impulse` component.
player.get(Impulse, 2);
// returns `true` if the component has an `Impulse` component
player.has(Impulse);
// returns `true` if the component has a third `Impulse` component
player.has(Impulse, 2);
 
// the `player.impulse` property is an array
player.impulse.forEach((impulse) => {
    console.log(impulse.x, impulse.y);
});
 
// remove and destroy all `Impulse` components attached to this entity
player.remove(Impulse);
 
...
 
class EquipmentSlot extends Component {
    static properties = {
        name: 'hand',
        item: '<Entity>', // this is a special property which can reference other Entities
    };
    static allowMultiple = true;
    static keyProperty = 'name';
}
 
ecs.registerComponent(EquipmentSlot);
 
...
 
const player = ecs.createEntity();
const helmet = ecs.createEntity();
const sword = ecs.createEntity();
 
// add equipment slot components to the player. Notice that the `item`
// property can be assigned an entity
player.add(EquipmentSlot, { name: 'rightHand' });
player.add(EquipmentSlot, { name: 'leftHand', item: sword });
player.add(EquipmentSlot, { name: 'head', item: helmet });
...
 
// since the `EquipmentSlot` had a `keyProperty=name`, the `name`
// is used to access them
player.equipmentSlot.head;
player.get(EquipmentSlot, 'head'); // same as above
player.has(EquipmentSlot, 'head'); // true
 
// this will `destroy` the `sword` entity and automatically
// set the `rightHand.item` property to `null`
player.equipmentSlot.rightHand.item.destroy();
 
// remove and destroy the `rightHand` equipment slot
player.remove(EquipmentSlot, 'rightHand');
 

Cloning components

const playerA = ecs.createEntity();
const playerB = ecs.createEntity();
 
playerA.add(someComponent);
 
const clonedComponent = playerA.someComponent.clone();
 
playerB.attach(clonedComponent); // note the use of `attach` here

queries

Queries keep track of sets of entities defined by component types.

const query = ecs.createQuery({
    any: [A, B], // exclude any entity that does not have at least one of A OR B.
    all: [C, D], // exclude entities that don't have both C AND D
    none: [E, F], // exclude entities that have E OR F
});
 
query.get().forEach((entity) => ...);
  • query.get() get the result Set of the query
  • isMatch(entity) returns true if the given entity matches this query. Mostly used internally.
  • bustCache() manually bust the query cache. Not recommended, as the query should always be up to date.

serialization

example Save game state by serializing all entities and components

const saveGame = () => {
    const data = ecs.serialize();
    localStorage.setItem('savegame', data);
};
 
...
 
const loadGame = () => {
    const data = localStorage.getItem('savegame');
    ecs.deserialize(data);
};

event

message sent to all components on an entity

The geotic event system is modelled aver this talk by Brian Bucklew - AI in Qud and Sproggiwood.

// a `Health` component which listens for a `take damage` event
class Health extends Component {
    ...
    // event names are mapped to methods using the `camelcase` library.
    onTakeDamage(evt) {
        console.log(evt);
        this.value -= evt.data.amount;
 
        // the event gets passed to all components the `entity` unless a component
        // invokes `evt.prevent()` or `evt.handle()`
        evt.handle();
    }
 
    // watch ALL events coming to component
    onEvent(evt) {
        console.log(evt.name);
        console.log(evt.is('take-damage'));
    }
}
 
...
 
entity.add(Health);
 
const evt = entity.sendEvent('take-damage', { amount: 12 });
 
console.log(evt.name); // return the name of the event. "take-damage"
console.log(evt.data); // return the arbitrary data object attached. { amount: 12 }
console.log(evt.handled); // was `handle()` called?
console.log(evt.prevented);  // was `prevent()` or `handle()` called?
console.log(evt.handle()); // handle and prevent the event from continuing
console.log(evt.prevent()); // prevent the event from continuing without marking `handled`
console.log(evt.is('take-damage')); // simple name check
 

prefab

a predefined collection of components

The prefab system is modelled after this talk by Thomas Biskup - There be dragons: Entity Component Systems for Roguelikes.

// prefabs must be registered before they can be instantiated
ecs.registerPrefab({
    name: 'Being',
    components: [
        {
            type: 'Position',
            properties: {
                x: 4,
                y: 10,
            },
        },
        {
            type: 'Material',
            properties: {
                name: 'flesh',
            },
        },
    ],
});
 
ecs.registerPrefab({
    // name used when creating the prefab
    name: 'HumanWarrior',
    // an array of other prefabs of which this one derives.
    inherit: ['Being', 'Warrior'],
    // an array of components to attach
    components: [
        {
            // this can be a constructor name, or a reference directly to the component class
            type: 'EquipmentSlot',
            // what properties should be assigned to the component
            properties: {
                name: 'head',
            },
        },
        {
            // components that allow multiple can easily be added in
            type: 'EquipmentSlot',
            properties: {
                name: 'legs',
            },
        },
        {
            type: 'Material',
            // if a parent prefab already defines a `Material` component, this flag
            // will say how to treat it. Defaults to overwrite=true
            overwrite: true,
            properties: {
                name: 'silver',
            },
        },
    ],
});
 
...
 
const warrior1 = ecs.createPrefab('HumanWarrior');
 
// property overrides can be provided as the second argument
const warrior2 = ecs.createPrefab('HumanWarrior', {
    equipmentSlot: {
        head: {
            item: ecs.createPrefab('Helmet')
        },
    },
    position: {
        x: 12,
        y: 24,
    },
});

Dev notes

  • ✓ deserialize
    • ✓ basic serialize/deserialize from object
    • ✓ onAttached safely access entity
  • ✓ serialize
    • only serialize if value is different from default (?)
  • prefab
    • ✓ prefab base class
    • ✓ prefab registry
    • ✓ poly inherit
    • ✓ PrefabComponent types
      • ✓ component definition
      • ✓ initial props
      • ✓ should overwrite or replace
      • ✓ applyToEntity(entity)
    • reference prefab chain on entity
      • entity.is(prefab)
    • ✓ allow overrides on prefab instantiation
    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fGLJC5UY2o4
  • ✓ query
    • ✓ cache
    • ✓ filter
    • ✓ return Set instead of Object
    • ✓ filter destroyed entities by default
    • ✓ query definition
      • ✓ any
      • ✓ all
      • ✓ none
    • ✓ query.get
    • query.onEntityIncluded(e)
    • query.onEntityRemoved(e)
  • logging configuration
    • route all console logs to logger
    • check all console log statements
  • tags
  • properties
    • ✓ EntityArray
    • EntitySet
    • Prefab
    • PrefabSet
  • ✓ events
    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4uxN5GqXcaA
    • ✓ entity.sendEvent(event)
    • ✓ component.handleEvent(event)
    • ✓ an event to an entity will send it to all child components
    • ✓ child component can "cancel" the event to prevent it bubbling (?)
    • ✓ component eventMap
    • ✓ replace eventMap with direct method calls
    • global events (sent from Engine)
  • dev
    • ✓ sourcemaps
    • ✓ prettier
    • ✓ rollup
    • github npm deploy action
  • component
    • ✓ default property values
    • ✓ property.deserialize(data)
    • ✓ remove()
      • ✓ ensure works with key components
    • ✓ destroy()
    • ✓ onDestroyed()
    • ✓ clone
      • .clone(propertyOverrides)
    • ✓ allowMultiple without specifying keyProperty
    • ✓ rename accessor to key
    • rename type to definitionType
  • registry
    • warn if component malformed (?)
  • prefab caching
    • only instantiate components when different from defaults
    • less instances
  • ✓ Entity registry
  • Entity
    • ✓ keep track of refs
    • ✓ destroy()
      • ✓ component.onDestroy()
      • ✓ property.onDestroy() (do ref cleanup)
    • removing keyed component without key should remove all
    • ✓ add(type, properties);
    • control how components are named
    • ✓ camelCase component access
  • Performance
    • Use raw for loops
    • ✓ store entities as array instead of object (?)
    • ✓ use Map for component registry
    • rapid entity add/remove
      • ✓ cache camel case results
    • cache event name map

Install

npm i geotic

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

8

Version

3.3.0

License

ISC

Unpacked Size

170 kB

Total Files

22

Last publish

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