Wondering what’s next for npm?Check out our public roadmap! »

    DefinitelyTyped icon, indicating that this package has TypeScript declarations provided by the separate @types/esprima-walk package

    0.1.0 • Public • Published


    A very fast esprima AST node walker with no dependencies.

    To naïvely traverse the AST object with callbacks and without knowing its structure will result in an exponential explosion of function calls and could take several seconds for a single parsed file of a thousand or so lines.

    esprima-walk calls no functions itself, only the callback passed in, and it doesn't invoke the callback on every property and value, only on primary nodes of the tree - those with a type property, corresponding to Node objects in the parser API. It also uses the fastest possible ways (on V8) to check types and iterate over properties and arrays.

    The normal require( 'esprima-walk' ).walk method (also available as just require( 'esprima-walk' )) does not change the AST. It has no return value.

    A method require( 'esprima-walk' ).walkAddParent is also available to add a .parent property to every node before invoking the callback on it. If a node has a parent, all of its ancestors will have a .parent property at that point too. The root node will have no .parent property.


    var esprima = require( 'esprima' )
    var walk = require( 'esprima-walk' )
    var ast = esprima.parse( '"orange"' )
    ast => {
        type: 'Program',
        body: [
                type: 'ExpressionStatement',
                expression: {
                    type: 'Literal',
                    value: 'orange',
                    raw: '"orange"'
    var types = []
    walk( ast, function ( node ) { types.push( node.type ) } )
    types => [ 'Program', 'ExpressionStatement', 'Literal' ]


    npm i esprima-walk

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Last publish


    • avatar