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1.7.4 • Public • Published


Marks all side-effects in module initialization that will interfere with tree-shaking

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This plugin is intended as a means for library developers to identify patterns that will interfere with the tree-shaking algorithm of their module bundler (i.e. rollup or webpack).


myGlobal = 17
const x = {[globalFunction()]: 'myString'}
export default 42

Rollup output:

myGlobal = 17;
const x = {[globalFunction()]: 'myString'};
var index = 42;
export default index;

ESLint output:

1:1   error  Cannot determine side-effects of assignment to global variable
2:13  error  Cannot determine side-effects of calling global function

This plugin is most useful when you integrate ESLint with your editor.

Installation and Setup

You'll first need to install ESLint:

$ npm i eslint --save-dev

Next, install eslint-plugin-tree-shaking:

$ npm install eslint-plugin-tree-shaking --save-dev

Note: If you installed ESLint globally (using the -g flag) then you must also install eslint-plugin-tree-shaking globally.

Add tree-shaking to the plugins section of your .eslintrc configuration file. You can omit the eslint-plugin- prefix:

    "plugins": [

Then add the rule no-side-effects-in-initialization to the rules section:

    "rules": {
        "tree-shaking/no-side-effects-in-initialization": 2

Rollup compatibility mode

If you are using rollup.js, you should activate the rollup compatibility mode that will flag additional issues that prevent tree-shaking in rollup:

    "rules": {
        "tree-shaking/no-side-effects-in-initialization": [
            2, {"compatibility": "rollup"}

E.g. JavaScript:

class x {}
new x()

ESLint output:

1:1   error  [Rollup specific] Calling a ClassDeclaration is a side-effect

Magic Comments

ESLint only ever analyzes one file at a time and by default, this plugin assumes that all imported functions have side-effects. If this is not the case, this plugin supports magic comments you can add before identifiers in imports and exports to specify that you assume an import or export to be a pure function. Examples:

  • By default, imported functions are assumed to have side-effects:


    import {x} from "./some-file";

    ESLint output:

    1:9  error  Cannot determine side-effects of calling imported function
  • You can mark a side-effect free import with a magic comment:


    import {/* tree-shaking no-side-effects-when-called */ x} from "./some-file";

    No ESLint errors

  • By default, exported functions are not checked for side-effects:


    export const x = globalFunction

    No ESLint errors

  • You can check exports for side-effects with a magic comment:


    export const /* tree-shaking no-side-effects-when-called */ x = globalFunction

    ESLint output:

    1:65  error  Cannot determine side-effects of calling global function

Background and Planned Development

This plugin is in early development. If you want to contribute, please read

This plugin implements a side-effect detection algorithm similar to what rollup uses to determine if code can be removed safely. However, there is no one-to-one correspondence as this is also meant as an example implementation of what such an algorithm could do. For instance, this algorithm is able to identify if the instantiation of a class has side-effects, something that rollup has not implemented yet.

Therefore to make this plugin actually useful to library developers, it sports a rollup compatibility mode. If you find that you have code that

  • is not removed by rollup (even though tree-shaking is enabled) but
  • has no ESLint issues even though you use rollup compatibility mode

please--if no-one else has done so yet--check the guidelines and file an issue!

Planned improvements:

  • There is no webpack compatibility mode yet. The plan is to add this eventually but if you want to speed things up, please contribute.


npm i eslint-plugin-tree-shaking

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