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env-cmd

10.0.1 • Public • Published

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env-cmd

A simple node program for executing commands using an environment from an env file.

Install

npm install env-cmd or npm install -g env-cmd

Basic Usage

Environment file ./.env

# This is a comment
ENV1=THANKS
ENV2=FOR ALL
ENV3=THE FISH

Package.json

{
  "scripts": {
    "test": "env-cmd mocha -R spec"
  }
}

Terminal

./node_modules/.bin/env-cmd node index.js

Using custom env file path

To use a custom env filename or path, pass the -f flag. This is a major breaking change from prior versions < 9.0.0

Terminal

./node_modules/.bin/env-cmd -f ./custom/path/.env node index.js

📜 Help

Usage: _ [options] <command> [...args]
 
Options:
  -v, --version                       output the version number
  -f, --file [path]                   Custom env file path (default path: ./.env)
  -r, --rc-file [path]                Custom rc file path (default path: ./.env-cmdrc(|.js|.json)
  -e, --environments [env1,env2,...]  The rc file environment(s) to use
  --fallback                          Fallback to default env file path, if custom env file path not found
  --no-override                       Do not override existing environment variables
  --use-shell                         Execute the command in a new shell with the given environment
  -h, --help                          output usage information

🔬 Advanced Usage

.rc file usage

For more complex projects, a .env-cmdrc file can be defined in the root directory and supports as many environments as you want. Simply use the -e flag and provide which environments you wish to use from the .env-cmdrc file. Using multiple environment names will merge the environment variables together. Later environments overwrite earlier ones in the list if conflicting environment variables are found.

.rc file ./.env-cmdrc

{
  "development": {
    "ENV1": "Thanks",
    "ENV2": "For All"
  },
  "test": {
    "ENV1": "No Thanks",
    "ENV3": "!"
  },
  "production": {
    "ENV1": "The Fish"
  }
}

Terminal

./node_modules/.bin/env-cmd -e production node index.js
# Or for multiple environments (where `production` vars override `test` vars, 
# but both are included) 
./node_modules/.bin/env-cmd -e test,production node index.js

--no-override option

Prevents overriding of existing environment variables on process.env and within the current environment.

--fallback file usage option

If the .env file does not exist at the provieded custom path, then use the default fallback location ./.env env file instead.

--use-shell

Executes the command within a new shell environment. This is useful if you want to string multiple commands together that share the same environment variables.

Terminal

./node_modules/.bin/env-cmd -f ./test/.env --use-shell "npm run lint && npm test"

Asynchronous env file support

EnvCmd supports reading from asynchronous .env files. Instead of using a .env file, pass in a .js file that exports either an object or a Promise resolving to an object ({ ENV_VAR_NAME: value, ... }). Asynchronous .rc files are also supported using .js file extension and resolving to an object with top level environment names ({ production: { ENV_VAR_NAME: value, ... } }).

Terminal

./node_modules/.bin/env-cmd -f ./async-file.js node index.js

Examples

You can find examples of how to use the various options above by visiting the examples repo env-cmd-examples.

Environment File Formats

These are the currently accepted environment file formats. If any other formats are desired please create an issue.

  • .env as key=value
  • .env.json Key/value pairs as JSON
  • .env.js JavaScript file exporting an object or a Promise that resolves to an object
  • .env-cmdrc as valid json or .env-cmdrc.json in execution directory with at least one environment { "dev": { "key1": "val1" } }
  • .env-cmdrc.js JavaScript file exporting an object or a Promise that resolves to an object that contains at least one environment

Path Rules

This lib attempts to follow standard bash path rules. The rules are as followed:

Home Directory = /Users/test

Working Directory = /Users/test/Development/app

Type Input Path Expanded Path
Absolute /some/absolute/path.env /some/absolute/path.env
Home Directory with ~ ~/starts/on/homedir/path.env /Users/test/starts/on/homedir/path.env
Relative ./some/relative/path.env or some/relative/path.env /Users/test/Development/app/some/relative/path.env
Relative with parent dir ../some/relative/path.env /Users/test/Development/some/relative/path.env

⚒ API Usage

EnvCmd

A function that executes a given command in a new child process with the given environment and options

  • options { object }
    • command { string }: The command to execute (node, mocha, ...)
    • commandArgs { string[] }: List of arguments to pass to the command (['-R', 'Spec'])
    • envFile { object }
      • filePath { string }: Custom path to .env file to read from (defaults to: ./.env)
      • fallback { boolean }: Should fall back to default ./.env file if custom path does not exist
    • rc { object }
      • environments { string[] }: List of environment to read from the .rc file
      • filePath { string }: Custom path to the .rc file (defaults to: ./.env-cmdrc(|.js|.json))
    • options { object }
      • noOverride { boolean }: Prevent .env file vars from overriding existing process.env vars (default: false)
      • useShell { boolean }: Runs command inside a new shell instance (default: false)
    • Returns { Promise<object> }: key is env var name and value is the env var value

GetEnvVars

A function that parses environment variables from a .env or a .rc file

  • options { object }
    • envFile { object }
      • filePath { string }: Custom path to .env file to read from (defaults to: ./.env)
      • fallback { boolean }: Should fall back to default ./.env file if custom path does not exist
    • rc { object }
      • environments { string[] }: List of environment to read from the .rc file
      • filePath { string }: Custom path to the .rc file (defaults to: ./.env-cmdrc(|.js|.json))
  • Returns { Promise<object> }: key is env var name and value is the env var value

Why

Because sometimes it is just too cumbersome passing a lot of environment variables to scripts. It is usually just easier to have a file with all the vars in them, especially for development and testing.

🚨Do not commit sensitive environment data to a public git repo! 🚨

Related Projects

cross-env - Cross platform setting of environment scripts

🎊 Special Thanks

Special thanks to cross-env for inspiration (uses the same cross-spawn lib underneath too).

🎉 Contributors

  • Eric Lanehart
  • Jon Scheiding
  • Alexander Praetorius
  • Anton Versal

📋 Contributing Guide

I welcome all pull requests. Please make sure you add appropriate test cases for any features added. Before opening a PR please make sure to run the following scripts:

  • npm run lint checks for code errors and format according to js-standard
  • npm test make sure all tests pass
  • npm run test-cover make sure the coverage has not decreased from current master

install

npm i env-cmd

Downloadsweekly downloads

110,581

version

10.0.1

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

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