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deepcolour

2.2.0 • Public • Published

deepcolour is a stateful library for the parsing, processing and formatting of RGBA colours, as well as vector spaces.

Features

  • All Colour values unclamped and normalized to 0-1.
  • Most operations are in-place.
  • Stateful HSV properties.
  • Conversion to and from CSS.

Example

const Colour = require('deepcolour')
 
let colour = new Colour(1,0,0,1)
 
console.log( colour.hex )
// #ff0000
 
// make colour cyan by shifting hue
colour.hue = 0.5
 
console.log( colour.hex )
// #00ffff
 
// Set the colour with a string
colour.set('white')
 
// Retrieve value and saturation
console.log( colour.value, colour.saturation )
// 1,0

API

Number Properties

  • red : RGB red value.
  • green : RGB green value.
  • blue : RGB blue value.
  • alpha : Alpha value.
  • hue : HSV hue. The range of the HSV colour circle is 0-1. See Hue Preservation.
  • saturation : HSV saturation.
  • value : HSV value.

String Properties

  • hex : CSS hexadecimal color. #112233
  • css : CSS color. If the colour can be represented as a hexadecimal color, hex will be returned. Otherwise a CSS rgb() or rgba() will be returned.

Set Methods

All methods beginning with set may be chained together.

set ( anything ) Safely calls other set function based on type.

setDefault () Sets the colour to opaque black, [0,0,0,1].

setArguments ( arguments ) Sets from an arguments object. The following formats are supported:

  • ( [ red [, green [, blue, [, alpha ] ] ] )
  • ( 'string' [, alpha ] )

set8BitArray ( Array-like ) Set from an array of numbers in the range 0-255. Up to four values will be read, in the order RGBA. This method will also work for slices of Buffer objects, allowing it to work with image libraries such as png-js. Throws error on invalid input.

setRGB ( Number, Number, Number ) Sets red, green and blue values. If non-numeric values are passed, existing values are preserved.

setHSV ( Number, Number, Number ) Sets hue, saturation and value values. If non-numeric values are passed, existing values are preserved.

setKeys ( object ) Sets properties from an object. The following keys are supported: ['red','r','green','g','blue','b','alpha','a','hue','h','saturation','sat','s','value','v','hex','css']

setAlpha ( Number ) Set alpha value.

setRandom () Set red, green and blue to random values in standard range.

setChannel ( index, Number) Set the channel index to a value.

setChannelHex ( index, string ) Set the channel index to a hexadecimal value. The string may be 1 or 2 digits.

Output Methods

toString () Alias for toCSSUnclamped

toHexString () '#ff00ff' CSS hex, clamped with no alpha.

toRGBA () [1,0,1,1] Raw values.

toObject () { r: 1, g: 0, b: 1, a: 1} Raw values.

toBuffer () Buffer.from([255,0,255,255]) Clamped, 8-bit values.

to8BitArrays ( length ) [255,0,255,255] Clamped, 8-bit values.

toHexChannels ( 'rgbahsv' ) 'ff00ffd4ffff' Clamped, 8-bit values from RGB and HSV as hex.

toCSS ( format = 'auto' | 'rgba' | 'hex' | 'unclamped' ) CSS in given format.

toCSSRGBA () 'rgb(255,0,255)' Clamped, 8-bit values with auto adding alpha.

toCSSUnclamped () 'rgba(1024,0,1024,1)' Unclamped values in CSS range, always has alpha.

Other Methods

  • isBlack () -> bool red == 0 && green == 0 && blue == 0
  • isGray () -> bool red == green == blue

Hue Preservation

In HSV & HLS colour spaces, hue and saturation can be invalid when the colour is grey or black. In purely functional colour conversions, this results in saturation being lost when value == 0 and hue being lost when saturation == 0. This is particularly annoying in stateful system, where value or saturation are being modulated.

deepcolour compensates for this by holding hue and saturation values.

// Initialize a new Colour
let colour = new Colour('green')
assert.equal( colour.hue, 1/3)
 
// Set the colour to black
colour.value = 0
assert( colour.isBlack() )
 
// Since it does not matter when value is 0,
// hue is preserved.
assert.equal( colour.hue, 1/3)
 
// We can set the hue, as well.
colour.hue = 1/6
 
// Colour is still black
assert( colour.isBlack() )
 
// But the hue is preserved
assert.equal( colour.hue, 1/6)
 
// Set the colour back to full intensity
colour.value = 1
 
// Is now yellow
assert.equal( colour.hex, '#ffff00' )

Vectors

By default deepcolour creates a colour space with rgba properties. The library can also be used to create and manipulate arbitrary vector spaces, with or without colour properties.

Colourless Vectors

const { Space } = require('deepcolour')
const Vector = Space({
  rgba: false,
  channels: 'xyz'
})
 
let vec = Vector.add( [ 1, 0, 0 ], { y: 0.5 } )
assert.deepEqual( vec.toArray(), [ 1, 0.5, 0 ] )

Full Vertex

const { Space } = require('deepcolour')
const Vertex = Space({
  rgba: 5,
  channels: 'xyzuvrgba'
})
 
let vert = new Vertex( { x: 3, y: 2, z: 1 } )
 
// All colour manipulation methods may be used.
vert.set('cyan')
vert.alpha = 0.5
 
assert.deepEqual( vert.toArray(), [ 3, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0.5 ] )

Install

npm i deepcolour

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

58

Version

2.2.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

62.2 kB

Total Files

24

Last publish

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