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    apollo-upload-client
    DefinitelyTyped icon, indicating that this package has TypeScript declarations provided by the separate @types/apollo-upload-client package

    14.1.3 • Public • Published

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    apollo-upload-client

    npm version CI status

    A terminating Apollo Link for Apollo Client that allows FileList, File, Blob or ReactNativeFile instances within query or mutation variables and sends GraphQL multipart requests.

    Setup

    Install with npm:

    npm install apollo-upload-client

    Remove any uri, credentials, or headers options from the ApolloClient constructor.

    Apollo Client can only have 1 terminating Apollo Link that sends the GraphQL requests; if one such as HttpLink is already setup, remove it.

    Initialize the client with a terminating Apollo Link using createUploadLink.

    Also ensure the GraphQL server implements the GraphQL multipart request spec and that uploads are handled correctly in resolvers.

    Usage

    Use FileList, File, Blob or ReactNativeFile instances anywhere within query or mutation variables to send a GraphQL multipart request.

    See also the example API and client.

    FileList

    import { gql, useMutation } from '@apollo/client';
     
    const MUTATION = gql`
      mutation($files: [Upload!]!) {
        uploadFiles(files: $files) {
          success
        }
      }
    `;
     
    function UploadFiles() {
      const [mutate] = useMutation(MUTATION);
     
      function onChange({ target: { validity, files } }) {
        if (validity.valid) mutate({ variables: { files } });
      }
     
      return <input type="file" multiple required onChange={onChange} />;
    }

    File

    import { gql, useMutation } from '@apollo/client';
     
    const MUTATION = gql`
      mutation($file: Upload!) {
        uploadFile(file: $file) {
          success
        }
      }
    `;
     
    function UploadFile() {
      const [mutate] = useMutation(MUTATION);
     
      function onChange({
        target: {
          validity,
          files: [file],
        },
      }) {
        if (validity.valid) mutate({ variables: { file } });
      }
     
      return <input type="file" required onChange={onChange} />;
    }

    Blob

    import { gql, useMutation } from '@apollo/client';
     
    const MUTATION = gql`
      mutation($file: Upload!) {
        uploadFile(file: $file) {
          success
        }
      }
    `;
     
    function UploadFile() {
      const [mutate] = useMutation(MUTATION);
     
      function onChange({ target: { validity, value } }) {
        if (validity.valid) {
          const file = new Blob([value], { type: 'text/plain' });
     
          // Optional, defaults to `blob`.
          file.name = 'text.txt';
     
          mutate({ variables: { file } });
        }
      }
     
      return <input type="text" required onChange={onChange} />;
    }

    Support

    Consider polyfilling:

    API

    Table of contents

    class ReactNativeFile

    Used to mark React Native File substitutes as it’s too risky to assume all objects with uri, type and name properties are extractable files.

    Parameter Type Description
    file ReactNativeFileSubstitute A React Native File substitute.

    See

    Examples

    Ways to import.

    import { ReactNativeFile } from 'apollo-upload-client';
    import ReactNativeFile from 'apollo-upload-client/public/ReactNativeFile.js';

    Ways to require.

    const { ReactNativeFile } = require('apollo-upload-client');
    const ReactNativeFile = require('apollo-upload-client/public/ReactNativeFile');

    A React Native file that can be used in query or mutation variables.

    import { ReactNativeFile } from 'apollo-upload-client';
     
    const file = new ReactNativeFile({
      uri: uriFromCameraRoll,
      name: 'a.jpg',
      type: 'image/jpeg',
    });

    function createUploadLink

    Creates a terminating Apollo Link capable of file uploads.

    The link matches and extracts files in the GraphQL operation. If there are files it uses a FormData instance as the fetch options.body to make a GraphQL multipart request, otherwise it sends a regular POST request.

    Some of the options are similar to the createHttpLink options.

    Parameter Type Description
    options object Options.
    options.uri string? = /graphql GraphQL endpoint URI.
    options.useGETForQueries boolean? Should GET be used to fetch queries, if there are no files to upload.
    options.isExtractableFile ExtractableFileMatcher? = isExtractableFile Customizes how files are matched in the GraphQL operation for extraction.
    options.FormData class? FormData implementation to use, defaulting to the FormData global.
    options.formDataAppendFile FormDataFileAppender? = formDataAppendFile Customizes how extracted files are appended to the FormData instance.
    options.fetch Function? fetch implementation to use, defaulting to the fetch global.
    options.fetchOptions FetchOptions? fetch options; overridden by upload requirements.
    options.credentials string? Overrides options.fetchOptions.credentials.
    options.headers object? Merges with and overrides options.fetchOptions.headers.
    options.includeExtensions boolean? = false Toggles sending extensions fields to the GraphQL server.

    Returns: ApolloLink — A terminating Apollo Link capable of file uploads.

    See

    Examples

    Ways to import.

    import { createUploadLink } from 'apollo-upload-client';
    import createUploadLink from 'apollo-upload-client/public/createUploadLink.js';

    Ways to require.

    const { createUploadLink } = require('apollo-upload-client');
    const createUploadLink = require('apollo-upload-client/public/createUploadLink');

    A basic Apollo Client setup.

    import { ApolloClient, InMemoryCache } from '@apollo/client';
    import { createUploadLink } from 'apollo-upload-client';
     
    const client = new ApolloClient({
      cache: new InMemoryCache(),
      link: createUploadLink(),
    });

    function formDataAppendFile

    The default implementation for createUploadLink options.formDataAppendFile that uses the standard FormData.append method.

    Type: FormDataFileAppender

    Parameter Type Description
    formData FormData FormData instance to append the specified file to.
    fieldName string Field name for the file.
    file * File to append.

    Examples

    Ways to import.

    import { formDataAppendFile } from 'apollo-upload-client';
    import formDataAppendFile from 'apollo-upload-client/public/formDataAppendFile.js';

    Ways to require.

    const { formDataAppendFile } = require('apollo-upload-client');
    const formDataAppendFile = require('apollo-upload-client/public/formDataAppendFile');

    function isExtractableFile

    The default implementation for createUploadLink options.isExtractableFile.

    Type: ExtractableFileMatcher

    Parameter Type Description
    value * Value to check.

    Returns: boolean — Is the value an extractable file.

    See

    Examples

    Ways to import.

    import { isExtractableFile } from 'apollo-upload-client';
    import isExtractableFile from 'apollo-upload-client/public/isExtractableFile.js';

    Ways to require.

    const { isExtractableFile } = require('apollo-upload-client');
    const isExtractableFile = require('apollo-upload-client/public/isExtractableFile');

    type ExtractableFileMatcher

    A function that checks if a value is an extractable file.

    Type: Function

    Parameter Type Description
    value * Value to check.

    Returns: boolean — Is the value an extractable file.

    See

    Examples

    How to check for the default exactable files, as well as a custom type of file.

    import { isExtractableFile } from 'apollo-upload-client';
     
    const isExtractableFileEnhanced = (value) =>
      isExtractableFile(value) ||
      (typeof CustomFile !== 'undefined' && value instanceof CustomFile);

    type FetchOptions

    GraphQL request fetch options.

    Type: object

    Property Type Description
    headers object HTTP request headers.
    credentials string? Authentication credentials mode.

    See


    type FormDataFileAppender

    Appends a file extracted from the GraphQL operation to the FormData instance used as the fetch options.body for the GraphQL multipart request.

    Parameter Type Description
    formData FormData FormData instance to append the specified file to.
    fieldName string Field name for the file.
    file * File to append. The file type depends on what the ExtractableFileMatcher extracts.

    See


    type ReactNativeFileSubstitute

    A React Native File substitute.

    Be aware that inspecting network traffic with buggy versions of dev tools such as Flipper can interfere with the React Native FormData implementation, causing multipart requests to have network errors.

    Type: object

    Property Type Description
    uri string Filesystem path.
    name string? File name.
    type string? File content type. Some environments (particularly Android) require a valid MIME type; Expo ImageResult.type is unreliable as it can be just image.

    See

    Examples

    A camera roll file.

    const fileSubstitute = {
      uri: uriFromCameraRoll,
      name: 'a.jpg',
      type: 'image/jpeg',
    };

    Install

    npm i apollo-upload-client

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    835,858

    Version

    14.1.3

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    47.9 kB

    Total Files

    9

    Last publish

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