Wondering what’s next for npm?Check out our public roadmap! »

    ajv-errors
    TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    3.0.0 • Public • Published

    ajv-errors

    Custom error messages in JSON-Schema for Ajv validator

    build npm coverage gitter

    Please note

    ajv-errors v3 supports ajv v8.

    If you are using ajv v6, you should use ajv-errors v1

    Contents

    Install

    npm install ajv-errors
    

    Usage

    Add the keyword errorMessages to Ajv instance:

    const Ajv = require("ajv").default
    const ajv = new Ajv({allErrors: true})
    // Ajv option allErrors is required
    require("ajv-errors")(ajv /*, {singleError: true} */)

    See Options below.

    Single message

    Replace all errors in the current schema and subschemas with a single message:

    const schema = {
      type: "object",
      required: ["foo"],
      properties: {
        foo: {type: "integer"},
      },
      additionalProperties: false,
      errorMessage: "should be an object with an integer property foo only",
    }
    
    const validate = ajv.compile(schema)
    console.log(validate({foo: "a", bar: 2})) // false
    console.log(validate.errors) // processed errors

    Processed errors:

    [
      {
        keyword: "errorMessage",
        message: "should be an object with an integer property foo only",
        // ...
        params: {
          errors: [
            {keyword: "additionalProperties", instancePath: "" /* , ... */},
            {keyword: "type", instancePath: ".foo" /* , ... */},
          ],
        },
      },
    ]

    Messages for keywords

    Replace errors for certain keywords in the current schema only:

    const schema = {
      type: "object",
      required: ["foo"],
      properties: {
        foo: {type: "integer"},
      },
      additionalProperties: false,
      errorMessage: {
        type: "should be an object", // will not replace internal "type" error for the property "foo"
        required: "should have property foo",
        additionalProperties: "should not have properties other than foo",
      },
    }
    
    const validate = ajv.compile(schema)
    console.log(validate({foo: "a", bar: 2})) // false
    console.log(validate.errors) // processed errors

    Processed errors:

    [
      {
        // original error
        keyword: type,
        instancePath: "/foo",
        // ...
        message: "should be integer",
      },
      {
        // generated error
        keyword: "errorMessage",
        message: "should not have properties other than foo",
        // ...
        params: {
          errors: [{keyword: "additionalProperties" /* , ... */}],
        },
      },
    ]

    For keywords "required" and "dependencies" it is possible to specify different messages for different properties:

    const schema = {
      type: "object",
      required: ["foo", "bar"],
      properties: {
        foo: {type: "integer"},
        bar: {type: "string"},
      },
      errorMessage: {
        type: "should be an object", // will not replace internal "type" error for the property "foo"
        required: {
          foo: 'should have an integer property "foo"',
          bar: 'should have a string property "bar"',
        },
      },
    }

    Messages for properties and items

    Replace errors for properties / items (and deeper), regardless where in schema they were created:

    const schema = {
      type: "object",
      required: ["foo", "bar"],
      allOf: [
        {
          properties: {
            foo: {type: "integer", minimum: 2},
            bar: {type: "string", minLength: 2},
          },
          additionalProperties: false,
        },
      ],
      errorMessage: {
        properties: {
          foo: "data.foo should be integer >= 2",
          bar: "data.bar should be string with length >= 2",
        },
      },
    }
    
    const validate = ajv.compile(schema)
    console.log(validate({foo: 1, bar: "a"})) // false
    console.log(validate.errors) // processed errors

    Processed errors:

    [
      {
        keyword: "errorMessage",
        message: "data.foo should be integer >= 2",
        instancePath: "/foo",
        // ...
        params: {
          errors: [{keyword: "minimum" /* , ... */}],
        },
      },
      {
        keyword: "errorMessage",
        message: "data.bar should be string with length >= 2",
        instancePath: "/bar",
        // ...
        params: {
          errors: [{keyword: "minLength" /* , ... */}],
        },
      },
    ]

    Default message

    When the value of keyword errorMessage is an object you can specify a message that will be used if any error appears that is not specified by keywords/properties/items using _ property:

    const schema = {
      type: "object",
      required: ["foo", "bar"],
      allOf: [
        {
          properties: {
            foo: {type: "integer", minimum: 2},
            bar: {type: "string", minLength: 2},
          },
          additionalProperties: false,
        },
      ],
      errorMessage: {
        type: "data should be an object",
        properties: {
          foo: "data.foo should be integer >= 2",
          bar: "data.bar should be string with length >= 2",
        },
        _: 'data should have properties "foo" and "bar" only',
      },
    }
    
    const validate = ajv.compile(schema)
    console.log(validate({})) // false
    console.log(validate.errors) // processed errors

    Processed errors:

    [
      {
        keyword: "errorMessage",
        message: 'data should be an object with properties "foo" and "bar" only',
        instancePath: "",
        // ...
        params: {
          errors: [{keyword: "required" /* , ... */}, {keyword: "required" /* , ... */}],
        },
      },
    ]

    The message in property _ of errorMessage replaces the same errors that would have been replaced if errorMessage were a string.

    Templates

    Custom error messages used in errorMessage keyword can be templates using JSON-pointers or relative JSON-pointers to data being validated, in which case the value will be interpolated. Also see examples of relative JSON-pointers.

    The syntax to interpolate a value is ${<pointer>}.

    The values used in messages will be JSON-stringified:

    • to differentiate between false and "false", etc.
    • to support structured values.

    Example:

    const schema = {
      type: "object",
      properties: {
        size: {
          type: "number",
          minimum: 4,
        },
      },
      errorMessage: {
        properties: {
          size: "size should be a number bigger or equal to 4, current value is ${/size}",
        },
      },
    }

    Using property names in error messages

    Property names can be used in error messages with the relative JSON-pointer (e.g. 0#).

    Example:

    const schema = {
      type: "object",
      properties: {
        size: {
          type: "number",
        },
      },
      additionalProperties: {
        not: true,
        errorMessage: “extra property is ${0#}
      }
    }

    Options

    Defaults:

    {
      keepErrors: false,
      singleError: false,
    }
    • keepErrors: keep original errors. Default is to remove matched errors (they will still be available in params.errors property of generated error). If an error was matched and included in the error generated by errorMessage keyword it will have property emUsed: true.
    • singleError: create one error for all keywords used in errorMessage keyword (error messages defined for properties and items are not merged because they have different instancePaths). Multiple error messages are concatenated. Option values:
      • false (default): create multiple errors, one for each message
      • true: create single error, messages are concatenated using "; "
      • non-empty string: this string is used as a separator to concatenate messages

    Supporters

    Roger Kepler

    Enterprise support

    ajv-errors package is a part of Tidelift enterprise subscription - it provides a centralised commercial support to open-source software users, in addition to the support provided by software maintainers.

    Security contact

    To report a security vulnerability, please use the Tidelift security contact. Tidelift will coordinate the fix and disclosure. Please do NOT report security vulnerability via GitHub issues.

    License

    MIT

    Install

    npm i ajv-errors

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    10,766,080

    Version

    3.0.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    53.2 kB

    Total Files

    7

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • avatar