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abort-controller-x
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0.2.2 • Public • Published

Abort Controller Extras npm version Build Status

Abortable async function helpers.

Table of Contents

Installation

yarn add abort-controller-x

Abort Controller

See AbortController MDN page. Use node-abort-controller to polyfill AbortController in NodeJS.

Abortable Functions

We define abortable function as a function that obeys following rules:

  • It must accept AbortSignal in its arguments.
  • It must return a Promise.
  • It must add abort event listener to the AbortSignal. Once the AbortSignal is aborted, the returned Promise must reject with AbortError either immediately, or after doing any async cleanup. It's also possible to reject with other errors that happen during cleanup.
  • Once the returned Promise is fulfilled or rejected, it must remove abort event listener.

An example of abortable function is the standard fetch function.

Composing Abortable Functions

This library provides a way to build complex abortable functions using standard async/await syntax, without the burden of manually managing abort event listeners. You can reuse a single AbortSignal between many operations inside a parent function:

/**
 * Make requests repeatedly with delay
 */
async function makeRequests(signal: AbortSignal): Promise<never> {
  while (true) {
    await fetch('...', {signal});
    await delay(signal, 1000);
  }
}

const abortController = new AbortController();

makeRequests(abortController.signal).catch(catchAbortError);

process.on('SIGTERM', () => {
  abortController.abort();
});

The above example can be rewritten in a more ergonomic way using run helper.

Usually you should only create AbortController somewhere on the top level, and in regular code use async/await and pass AbortSignal to abortable functions provided by this library or custom ones composed of other abortable functions.

API

all

function all<T>(
  signal: AbortSignal,
  executor: (innerSignal: AbortSignal) => readonly PromiseLike<T>[],
): Promise<T[]>;

Abortable version of Promise.all.

Creates new inner AbortSignal and passes it to executor. That signal is aborted when signal is aborted or any of the promises returned from executor are rejected.

Returns a promise that fulfills with an array of results when all of the promises returned from executor fulfill, rejects when any of the promises returned from executor are rejected, and rejects with AbortError when signal is aborted.

The promises returned from executor must be abortable, i.e. once innerSignal is aborted, they must reject with AbortError either immediately, or after doing any async cleanup.

race

function race<T>(
  signal: AbortSignal,
  executor: (innerSignal: AbortSignal) => readonly PromiseLike<T>[],
): Promise<T>;

Abortable version of Promise.race.

Creates new inner AbortSignal and passes it to executor. That signal is aborted when signal is aborted or any of the promises returned from executor are fulfilled or rejected.

Returns a promise that fulfills or rejects when any of the promises returned from executor are fulfilled or rejected, and rejects with AbortError when signal is aborted.

The promises returned from executor must be abortable, i.e. once innerSignal is aborted, they must reject with AbortError either immediately, or after doing any async cleanup.

Example:

const result = await race(signal, signal => [
  delay(signal, 1000).then(() => ({status: 'timeout'})),
  makeRequest(signal, ...).then(value => ({status: 'success', value})),
]);

if (result.status === 'timeout') {
  // request timed out
} else {
  const response = result.value;
}

delay

function delay(signal: AbortSignal, dueTime: number | Date): Promise<void>;

Return a promise that resolves after delay and rejects with AbortError once signal is aborted.

The delay time is specified as a Date object or as an integer denoting milliseconds to wait.

waitForEvent

function waitForEvent<T>(
  signal: AbortSignal,
  target: EventTargetLike<T>,
  eventName: string,
  options?: EventListenerOptions,
): Promise<T>;

Returns a promise that fulfills when an event of specific type is emitted from given event target and rejects with AbortError once signal is aborted.

forever

function forever(signal: AbortSignal): Promise<never>;

Return a promise that never fulfills and only rejects with AbortError once signal is aborted.

spawn

function spawn<T>(
  signal: AbortSignal,
  fn: (signal: AbortSignal, effects: SpawnEffects) => Promise<T>,
): Promise<T>;

type SpawnEffects = {
  defer(fn: () => void | Promise<void>): void;
  fork<T>(fn: (signal: AbortSignal) => Promise<T>): ForkTask<T>;
};

type ForkTask<T> = {
  abort(): void;
  join(): Promise<T>;
};

Run an abortable function with fork and defer effects attached to it.

spawn allows to write Go-style coroutines.

  • SpawnEffects.defer

    Schedules a function to run after spawned function finishes.

    Deferred functions run serially in last-in-first-out order.

    Promise returned from spawn resolves or rejects only after all deferred functions finish.

  • SpawnEffects.fork

    Executes an abortable function in background.

    If a forked function throws an exception, spawned function and other forks are aborted and promise returned from spawn rejects with that exception.

    When spawned function finishes, all forks are aborted.

  • ForkTask.abort

    Abort a forked function.

  • ForkTask.join

    Returns a promise returned from a forked function.

retry

function retry<T>(
  signal: AbortSignal,
  fn: (signal: AbortSignal, attempt: number) => Promise<T>,
  options?: RetryOptions,
): Promise<T>;

type RetryOptions = {
  baseMs?: number;
  maxDelayMs?: number;
  maxAttempts?: number;
  onError?: (error: any, attempt: number, delayMs: number) => void;
};

Retry function with exponential backoff.

  • RetryOptions.baseMs

    Starting delay before first retry attempt in milliseconds.

    Defaults to 1000.

    Example: if baseMs is 100, then retries will be attempted in 100ms, 200ms, 400ms etc (not counting jitter).

  • RetryOptions.maxDelayMs

    Maximum delay between attempts in milliseconds.

    Defaults to 15 seconds.

    Example: if baseMs is 1000 and maxDelayMs is 3000, then retries will be attempted in 1000ms, 2000ms, 3000ms, 3000ms etc (not counting jitter).

  • RetryOptions.maxAttempts

    Maximum for the total number of attempts.

    Defaults to Infinity.

  • RetryOptions.onError

    Called after each failed attempt before setting delay timer.

    Rethrow error from this callback to prevent further retries.

execute

function execute<T>(
  signal: AbortSignal,
  executor: (
    resolve: (value: T) => void,
    reject: (reason?: any) => void,
  ) => () => void | PromiseLike<void>,
): Promise<T>;

Similar to new Promise(executor), but allows executor to return abort callback that is called once signal is aborted.

Returned promise rejects with AbortError once signal is aborted.

Callback can return a promise, e.g. for doing any async cleanup. In this case, the promise returned from execute rejects with AbortError after that promise fulfills.

abortable

function abortable<T>(signal: AbortSignal, promise: PromiseLike<T>): Promise<T>;

Wrap a promise to reject with AbortError once signal is aborted.

Useful to wrap non-abortable promises. Note that underlying process will NOT be aborted.

run

function run(fn: (signal: AbortSignal) => Promise<void>): () => Promise<void>;

Invokes an abortable function with implicitly created AbortSignal.

Returns a function that aborts that signal and waits until passed function finishes.

Any error other than AbortError thrown from passed function will result in unhandled promise rejection.

Example:

const stop = run(async signal => {
  try {
    while (true) {
      await delay(signal, 1000);
      console.log('tick');
    }
  } finally {
    await doCleanup();
  }
});

// abort and wait until cleanup is done
await stop();

This function is also useful with React useEffect hook:

// make requests periodically while the component is mounted
useEffect(
  () =>
    run(async signal => {
      while (true) {
        await makeRequest(signal);
        await delay(signal, 1000);
      }
    }),
  [],
);

AbortError

class AbortError extends Error

Thrown when an abortable function was aborted.

Warning: do not use instanceof with this class. Instead, use isAbortError function.

isAbortError

function isAbortError(error: unknown): boolean;

Checks whether given error is an AbortError.

throwIfAborted

function throwIfAborted(signal: AbortSignal): void;

If signal is aborted, throws AbortError. Otherwise does nothing.

rethrowAbortError

function rethrowAbortError(error: unknown): void;

If error is AbortError, throws it. Otherwise does nothing.

Useful for try/catch blocks around abortable code:

try {
  await somethingAbortable(signal);
} catch (err) {
  rethrowAbortError(err);

  // do normal error handling
}

catchAbortError

function catchAbortError(error: unknown): void;

If error is AbortError, does nothing. Otherwise throws it.

Useful for invoking top-level abortable functions:

somethingAbortable(signal).catch(catchAbortError);

Without catchAbortError, aborting would result in unhandled promise rejection.

Install

npm i abort-controller-x

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Version

0.2.2

License

MIT

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