@toolz/use-synchronous-state

    1.0.6 • Public • Published

    use-synchronous-state

    A custom React Hook that provides a synchronous way to read and update a state variable. Becuase useState() is asynchronous, this means that you cannot set a state variable and then, very shortly thereafter, check that variable's value to perform further logic. Setting a state variable, then checking that variable immediately thereafter, will result in the code reading the old/previous state value. Consider the following example:

       const useHookWithState = () => {
          const [firstFieldIsValid, setFirstFieldIsValid] = useState(false);
          const [secondFieldIsValid, setSecondFieldIsValid] = useState(false);
          const [formIsValid, setFormIsValid] = useState(false);
          
          const validateFirstField = (newValue = '') => {
             setFirstFieldIsValid(newValue !== '');
             validateForm();
          }
          
          const validateForm = () => setFormIsValid(firstFieldIsValid && secondFieldIsValid);
          
          const validateSecondField = (newValue = '') => {
             setSecondFieldIsValid(newValue !== '');
             validateForm();
          }
    
          return {
             formIsValid,
             validateFirstField,
             validateSecondField,
          };
       }
       
       const TestComponent = () => {
          const hookWithState = useHookWithState();
          useEffect(() => {
             hookWithState.validateFirstField('an acceptable value');
             hookWithState.validateSecondField('another acceptable value');
             console.log(hookWithState.formIsValid); // returns FALSE, 
             // even though both fields have received valid values
          }, []);
          return <></>;
       }

    This code contains two validation functions that check two separate form fields. After checking any individual form field, the code then triggers validateForm(). But validateForm() does not operate properly because it is seeing the old values for firstFieldIsValid and secondFieldIsValid.

    To put this in simpler terms, the asynchronous nature of state can lead to code that contains this seemingly illogical result:

    const [value, setValue] = useState(true);
    setValue(false);
    if (value)
       console.log(`this shouldn't be reached - but it is`);

    Methodology

    This Hook works by storing two values. The first is the "traditional" state value. The second is a plain ol' regular variable. Both variables contain the same value.

    Usage

    const [value, setValue] = useSynchronousState(true);
    setValue(false);
    if (value())
       console.log(`this shouldn't be reached - and it isn't reached`);

    Methods

    useSynchronousState()

    Like useState(), useSynchronousState() accepts an optional inital value for the state variable. Like useState(), useSynchronousState() returns an array of two values. Like useState(), the second value is a setter function for the state variable.

    Unlike useState(), the first value returned is not a simple value. Rather, it's a getter function. This means that every reference to the variable will be a function call, whether you're using the getter (read) or setter (write).

    const API = {
       arguments: {
          initialValue: {
             optional,
             format: any,
          },
       },
       returns: [
          get: Function,
          set: Function,
       ],
    }

    Examples:

    const SomeComponent = () => {
       const [counter, setCounter] = useSynchronousState(0);
       
       return <>
          Counter: {counter()}
          <div>
             <button
                onClick={() => setCounter(counter() + 1)}
             >Increment</button>
          </div>   
       </>;
    }

    The biggest syntactic difference between useState() and useSynchronousState() is that the useSynchronousState() value must always be referenced with a function call like this:

    console.log('counter value = ', counter());

    Not like this:

    console.log('counter value = ', counter);

    This also means that there's no need to reference the alternative syntax for updating a state variable, because counter() will always returns the most recent value of the counter variable.

    It may be more intuitive for you to name the read function as a "getter" when it's destructured out of the useSynchronousState() call. That would look like this:

    const SomeComponent = () => {
       const [getCounter, setCounter] = useSynchronousState(0);
       
       return <>
          Counter: {getCounter()}
          <div>
             <button
                onClick={() => setCounter(getCounter() + 1)}
             >Increment
             </button>
          </div>
       </>;
    }

    Install

    npm i @toolz/use-synchronous-state

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    84

    Version

    1.0.6

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    10.9 kB

    Total Files

    5

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • bytebodger