@shopping24/rake-js

    2.2.1 • Public • Published

    rake-js

    TL;DR

    Quick Start? Follow the installation and sample usage. Don't forget to read the details before deploying to production.

    Installation

    npm install @shopping24/rake-js

    Sample Usage

    const deDict = require('@shopping24/rake-js/dist/de');
    const rakejs = require('@shopping24/rake-js');
    
    // From https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaguar, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
    const text = 'Die Kopf-Rumpf-Länge des Jaguars beträgt 112 cm bis 185 cm, hinzu kommt ein 45–75 cm langer Schwanz. ' +
    'Die Schulterhöhe liegt im Durchschnitt bei etwa 70 cm. Obwohl insgesamt kräftiger und massiger gebaut als der ' +
    'Leopard, ist sein Schwanz deutlich kürzer als der des afrikanisch-asiatischen Verwandten. Das Körpergewicht variiert ' +
    'stark zwischen unterschiedlichen Regionen und schwankt zwischen 36 und 158 kg. Weibchen sind dabei etwa 10–20 % ' +
    'kleiner und entsprechend leichter als männliche Tiere. Darüber hinaus besteht eine ausgeprägte geographische ' +
    'Variation. So sind Jaguare in Nord- und Mittelamerika deutlich kleiner als Jaguare in Südamerika. Männliche Tiere in ' +
    'Belize haben im Schnitt etwa ein Gewicht von 60 kg, während Jaguarmännchen in Venezuela und Brasilien um die 90–100 ' +
    'kg wiegen. Weibliche Jaguare in Brasilien wiegen durchschnittlich fast 80 kg.[2]';
    
    const { result } = rakejs.extract(text)
    .setOptions({ articles: deDict.articles, stopWords: deDict.stopwords.concat(deDict.articles) })
    .pipe(rakejs.extractKeyPhrases)
    .pipe(rakejs.extractAdjoinedKeyPhrases)
    .pipe(rakejs.keywordLengthFilter)
    .pipe(rakejs.distinct)
    .pipe(rakejs.scoreWordFrequency)
    .pipe(rakejs.sortByScore);
    
    console.log(result);

    Background story

    What is RAKE?

    RAKE is the acronym for Rapid Automated Keyword Extraction. The basic algorithm is described by Stuart Rose, Dave Engel, Nick Cramer and Wendy Cowley in their paper "Automatic keyword extraction from individual documents" (©2010, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Source click here).

    In short RAKE describes splitting a text into fragments by stop words. Stop words are always considered to be irrelevant to the context. The RAKEd result of Red Zebra and Jaguar would therefore be [Red Zebra, Jaguar].

    The score is then calculated by counting the individual words and and creating degrees based on the length of found fragments.

    What is this repository about?

    This repository includes advanced methods in addition to the original RAKE description. Furthermore we added a functional wrapper as feature for a more flexible way of handling keyword extraction. The process consists of these steps:

    1. Extracting fragments from any given text using various available methods.
    2. Score the fragments.
    3. Retrieve the end result.

    Extraction and scoring functions from any source making use of the Phrases and Phrase classes may be used and executed in the desired order.

    For reference you can find included extraction and scoring functions under src/utils/. Included helper functions are accessible in src/lib/.

    Pipeline Reference

    The extract method and phrases class provide a convenient way to apply multiple filtering and scoring methods on a given text.

    Phrases Class

    A Phrases object is created and returned by the extract(text) function.

    Methods

    Method Arguments Returns Description
    pipe method: Callable Function <Phrases> method Receives and must return Phrases object. result must be an array of Phrase objects.
    toPhrase phrase: String,
    score: Number (optional)
    <Phrase> Helper function, creates and returns new Phrase object from given phrase and score. Pushing into result property of Phrase object needs to be done manually.
    setOptions options: Object <Phrases> Provided key/value pairs get merged with stored Phrases options and made available to pipeline methods. See documentation of Extraction and Scoring Functions for available options.

    Properties

    Property Type Mutable Description
    result <Phrase[]> Y Contains result array of the previous pipe function. Pipe functions must not change object properties but reassign the full object with either an empty array or an array of Phrase objects.
    original <string> N The input provided with the extract(text) function.
    options <object> N Key/value pairs of options provided when using setOptions.

    Phrase Class

    A Phrase object represents a single extracted fragment with the calculated score. The score value may be changed as needed during pipeline processing.

    Properties

    Property Type Mutable Description
    phrase <Phrase> Y The extracted text fragment.
    score <string> Y The calculated score of the text fragment.

    Included Extraction Functions

    Method Access/Change Description Options
    extractKeyPhrases Accesses original,
    Pushes records into result
    Basic RAKE implementation, splitting original by words from stopWords array. stopWords<Array>
    extractAdjoinedKeyPhrases Accesses original,
    Pushes records into result
    Extracts combined with stop words combined fragments (ie. Birds and Bees) from original and pushes result into results. stopWords<Array>,
    minKeyWordsPerPhrase<Number> At least this number of keywords must exist within the phrase excluding stop words,
    maxKeyWordsPerPhrase<Number> At maximum this number of keywords must exist within the phrase excluding stop words

    Included Scoring Functions

    Method Access/Change Description Options
    scoreWordFrequency Accesses original,
    Changes score in result.<Phrase>[]
    Adds to the score of each phrase the word counts. stopWords<Array>

    Included Convenience Functions

    Method Access/Change Description Options
    distinct Accesses and changes result Removes duplicate values from result -
    keywordLengthFilter Accesses and changes result Removes individual words from each phrase not matching the minWordLength and maxWordLength length and removes whole phrases from result not matching the minKeyWordsPerPhrase and maxKeyWordsPerPhrase options. minWordLength<Number,
    maxWordLength<Number>,
    minKeyWordsPerPhrase<Number>,
    maxKeyWordsPerPhrase<Number>
    sortByScore Accesses and changes result Sort result array by score descending. -

    Included Helpers and Library Functions

    Method Where Arguments Returns Description
    extract @shopping24/rake-js text<String> <Phrases> Helper function, constructs Phrases object.
    options @shopping24/rake-js/src/lib/options overrides<Object>: Override default options <Object> Get options object with key/value pairs. Includes get(key<String>, default = defaultValue<*>) method returning value for key in object. If key does not exist defaultValue is returned.
    splitByStopWords @shopping24/rake-js/src/lib/splitByStopWords sentence<String>,
    stopWords<String[]>
    <String[]> Split sentence by stopWords into fragments.
    splitSentences @shopping24/rake-js/src/lib/splitSentences text<String> <String[]> Split text by line- and paragraph separator and dash, open, close, initial and final punctuation into fragments.
    splitWords @shopping24/rake-js/src/lib/splitWords text<String> <String[]> Split text into individual words by non-letter, mark and number characters.

    Included Dictionary

    We included a basic german stop words and articles lists under dictionary/de.js and dist/de.js. For best results concat both lists for the stopWords option. articles may be used individually for other extraction and scoring functions.

    Writing your own Extraction and Scoring Methods

    It's recommended to look into the already defined extraction and scoring functions. These rules must be followed:

    • Pipeline functions receive Phrases as first argument and must return same,
    • the result property of the Phrases object must be an empty array or an array of Phrase objects,
    • you may change result by reassigning/overriding the value, do not change individual properties.

    You know, if there is one thing that I have learned, it is that we must obey the rules of the game. We can pick the game, Niko Bellic. But we cannot change the rules.

    Install

    npm i @shopping24/rake-js

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    16

    Version

    2.2.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    351 kB

    Total Files

    32

    Last publish

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