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    @mangos/jxpath

    1.0.13 • Public • Published

    JXPath

    JXPath is a query langauge for JavaScript Objects (parsed JSON).

    Enhancements over jsonpath include:

    • parent operator ../
    • query using regular expressions (on both property names and their values)
    • recursive descent operator **
    • lazy tree walking
    npm install @mangos/jxpath

    Query operators overview

    operator jxpath example
    literal_text exact selector /persons/adress/city
    .. parent selector /persons/adress/[zip=/$FL/]/../firstName
    ** recursive descent [/employees/**/[name=Clark Kent]/address
    [key=value] predicate [city=London], [city=/town$/], [/name$/=/^Smith/]
    [regexp1=regexp2] regexp predicate (including regexp flags) [city=/town$/igm], [/name$/=/^Smith/], [/name$/=Mr Dubois]

    Note: more operators will be implemented, create an issue if you have an idea for a novice operator

    Query "path" elements are seperated by / token and predicates are enclosed between /[ ]/ tokens.

    JXPath alaws returns a array of values/objects, if nothing was selected by the query the array will be empty.

    JXPath navigates through arrays and objects agnosticly.

    Look the the following JS object:

    const data = {
        manager: {
            firstName: 'Big',
            lastName: 'Boss'
        }
        employees: [ 
            {
                firstName: 'Tammy',
                lastName: 'Brant',
                address: {
                    zip: 'AL 36104'
                    city: 'Calumet City',
                    street: '837 West St.'
                }
            },
            {
                firstName: 'Roy',
                lastName: 'White',
                address: {
                    zip: 'AL 36487',
                    city: 'Tullahoma',
                    street: '843 Golden Star Avenue'
                }
            },
            {
                firstName: 'James',
                lastName: 'Kirk',
                address: {
                    zip: 'FL 32301',
                    city: 'Jackson Heights',
                    street: '572 Myrtle Avenue'
                }
            }
        ]
    };
    const  path =  // see examples below
    const jxpath = require('@mangos/jxpath');
    const iterator = jxpath( path , data); // returns iterator, lazy lexing
    console.log( Array.from( iterator );
    //-> result , see below

    The /employees/ is an array of objects, and /manager is single nested object, JXPath query treats them both agnosticly.

    Predicate [..] query selector

    Predicates have the general pattern /[key=value]/; both key and value can be regular expressions

    regular expression predicates

    The regular expresion predicate will take flags igmsuy after the last regexp delimiter /.

    • A path of /employees/[firstName=/(Tammy|Roy)/]/lastName would return the the lastNames: [ 'Brant', 'White' ] omitting Kirk.
    • A path of /employees/[/Name$/=/.*/]/firstName would return the first-and lastNames combined: [ 'Tammy', 'Brant' , 'Roy' , 'White' , 'James' , 'Kirk' ]
    • A path of /manager/[/Name$/i=/^B/i] (not the use of the i flag) will return the object value manager since both firstName and lastName match the left side expression and both values start with the upperCase B (or lowerCase b because of the use of flag i).

    literal predicates

    • A path of /manager/firstName returns the result [ 'Big' ].
    • A path of /employees/firstName returns the result [ 'Tammy', 'Roy', 'James' ].
    • A path of /employees/non-existant-path returns an empty result [].

    Parent selector

    A parent selector is the two dots .. as it is in XPath.

    • A path of /employees/address/[zip=/^AL/]/../firstName will give back the result [ 'Tammy', 'Roy', ], aka all first names of employees having a zipcode starting with AL.

    Recursive descent selector

    A recursive descent selector is the ** as it is in XPath.

    • A path of /**/zip will give back the zip prop values in the JS object (descending through objects or array of objects). Result ['AL 36104','AL 36487', 'FL 32301'].

    Functional

    Can use jxpath in a curried fashion

    const  path =  // see examples 
    const jxpath = require('@mangos/jxpath');
    
    const curry = jxpath( path ); // curried 
    
    const iterator = curry(data); // process data, re-use the curried version

    Ignore property names

    Can use jxpath can ignore properties (especially handy if the object has circular references).

    • The third argument in the jxpath is a singular field containing the name of the property to ignore (recursivly found in objects).
    • The second argument in the curried form of jxpath is a singular field containing the name of the property to ignore (recursivly found in objects).
    const  path =  '**/[city=New York]/../firstName';
    const jxpath = require('@mangos/jxpath');
    
    // curried form
    const curry = jxpath( path ); // curried 
    const iterator = curry(data, 'parent' ); // ignore "parent" property when doing recursive descent
    
    // non curried form
    const iterator = jxpath( path, data, 'parent' ); // ignore "parent" property when doing recursive descent

    _Support the work by starring this repo on github. Part of the mangos monorepo of data wrangling tools.

    Feedback

    We appreceate any feedback, with new ideas, to enhance this tool suite. File an issue here

    Before contributing, please read our contributing guidelines and code of conduct.

    License

    Copyright (c) 2019-2020 Jacob Bogers info@mail.jacob-bogers.com.

    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

    Install

    npm i @mangos/jxpath

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    Version

    1.0.13

    License

    MIT

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