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1.1.0 • Public • Published

Rate Limit Redis

This module is a Redis based rate limiter for Node.js and Express. It is intended to be used where your web severs are distributed across multiple systems or nodes (such as in load balancing) and there needs to be a centralized location to store request counts.

How it works

  1. When a request is made a new temporary record is stored in Redis. This record is defined by the IP address of the request and will expire.
  2. If a second request is made before the first expires the record count is incremented.
  3. For each request made within the rate limit window the record is incremented.
  4. If the record count reaches the max limit before the expiring then a 429 error status is set.


npm install --save @jwerre/rate-limit-redis


const rateLimitRedis = require('@jwerre/rate_limit_redis');
const app = require('express')();
const rateLimitArgs = {
    redis: {
        host: '',
        port: 6379,
    timeframe: 60,
    limit: 120,
    headers: true,
    whitelist: [ '' ],
    customRoutes: [
            path: '/stingy/rate/limit',
            method: 'POST',
            timeframe: 30,
            limit: 5,
            path: '/loose/rate/limit',
            method: 'PUT',
            timeframe: 120,
            limit: 500,
            path: '/ignore/rate/limit',
            method: 'GET',
            ignore: true
// use trust proxy if behind load balancer
app.enable('trust proxy');
app.use( rateLimitRedis(rateLimitArgs) );
app.get('/', (req, res) => { res.send('OK') ); });
app.listen( 8080 );

Alternate Usage

If you need a little more control you can instantiate the RateLimitRedis class yourself.

const RateLimitRedis = require('@jwerre/rate_limit_redis/lib/rate_limit_redis');
const rateLimiteRedis = new RateLimitRedis({
    timeframe: 60,
    limit: 120,
    .then((res) => {
    .catch((err) => {


Data Type Argument Description
Object redis Redis options https://github.com/NodeRedis/node-redis#options-object-properties
String namespace String to prepend to the Redis key e.g.: 'rate-limit:<USER-IP>'.
Number timeframe Rate limit window in seconds.
Number limit Maximum amount of request allowed within timeframe.
Boolean headers Whether to set rate limit headers or not.
[Object] customRoutes A list of routes where you can set custom rate limits. This will create a new rate limit with unique key based on the ip, method and path.
String customRoutes.path The path to ignore (required).
String customRoutes.method The request method of the ignored path (default: get).
Number customRoutes.timeframe Rate limit window in seconds for custom route.
Number customRoutes.limit Maximum amount of request allowed within timeframe for custom route.
Boolean customRoutes.ignore Rate limit request to this custom route will be ignored. Be careful with this one.
[String] whitelist A list of ip addresses where rate limit should not apply. This may be useful if you have automated tasks or health checks coming from known IPs and you don't want to apply a rate limit them.


This module uses Redis Expire to manage rate limit requests. If using Redis 2.4 or lower accuracy could be as much as 1 second off.


Ensure Node.js and Redis is installed and running. Then execute the following commands:

npm install
npm test


TODO: Set up benchmark test.


npm i @jwerre/rate-limit-redis

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