@fdy/simple-postgres
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    7.0.1 • Public • Published

    simple-postgres

    A minimalist layer for interacting with Postgres databases using Javascript tagged literals (provided via selectstar), and returning Javascript values quickly from idiomatic queries.

    Getting started

    npm install @fdy/simple-postgres
    import db from "simple-postgres";
    
    // Unsafe user input:
    const accountName = "ACME'; DELETE FROM accounts; --";
    
    // But this is totally safe:
    const account = await db.row`
      SELECT *
      FROM accounts
      WHERE name = ${accountName}
    `;
    
    console.log(account.name); // => 'ACME\'; DELETE FROM accounts; --'

    Writing queries

    Simple Postgres uses selectstar to handle query generation. Queries can be constructed as a tagged literal, or generated with the sql function:

    import db, { sql } from 'simple-postgres'; // sql is a passthrough from selectstar
    
    async function findStarshipByName(name: string): Promise<Starship> {
      const starships = await db.query<Starship>`
        SELECT id, name, mass
        FROM starships
        WHERE name ILIKE ${'%' + name + '%'}
      `;
    
      return starships.rows;
    }
    
    // alternatively:
    async function findPilotsByName(name: string): Promise<Pilot> {
      const query = sql`SELECT id, name FROM pilots WHERE name ILIKE ${'%' + name + '%'}`
    
      // Use the pre-defined query instead of a tagged literal:
      const pilots = await db.query<Pilot>(query);
    
      return pilots.rows;
    }

    Usage

    Simple Postgres offers a collection of query shorthands that make it easier to handle the response value from Postgres:

    • db.query is a passthrough to node-pg's query method
    • db.rows returns only the rows from a query
    • db.row returns only the first row from a query
    • db.column returns only the first column from a query
    • db.value returns only the first column from the first row of the query

    There are also some tools to make transactions and streams easier to handle:

    db.connection runs many queries with the same connection

    If your database has a lot of contention for connections, it can sometimes be useful to hold a single connection for a while to service a single request or set of queries. Usually this isn't necessary, though transactions are implicitly carried out on the same connection.

    import db from '@fdy/simple-postgres';
    
    const userAndAccountInfo = await db.connection(async conn => {
      const user = await conn.row`SELECT id, name, account_id FROM users WHERE id = ${userId}`;
      const account = await conn.row`SELECT id, name FROM accounts WHERE id = ${user.account_id}`;
    
      return { user, account };
    });

    db.transaction starts a transaction (or nested savepoint)

    Starts a database transaction and runs the contained queries within that transaction. If the block of work throws an error for any reason, the transaction is rolled back. Nested transactions use savepoints to allow partial rollbacks.

    const newUser = await db.transaction(async tx => {
      const userId = await tx.value`
        INSERT INTO users (id, name)
        VALUES (uuid_generate_v4(), ${userName})
        RETURNING id
      `;
      
      const accountId = await tx.value`
        INSERT INTO accounts (id, name, owner_id)
        VALUES (uuid_generate_v4(), ${accountName}, ${userId})
      `;
    
      await db.query`UPDATE users SET account_id = ${accountId}`;
      
      return db.row`SELECT * FROM users WHERE id = ${userId}`;
    });

    db.stream starts a query stream (using pg-query-stream)

    Performing operations across very large datasets can exceed the amount of memory available to Node. It can also put strain on the database that might be avoided with an incremental loading approach. db.stream uses the optional pg-query-stream dependency to create a Node ReadableStream to pull records out of the database.

    This is very useful for ETL jobs or complex calculations that require very large datasets, or operating in memory-constrained environments.

    import { format } from '@fast-csv/format';
    
    const csvStream = format({ headers: true });
    const users = await db.stream<User>`SELECT * FROM users`;
    
    // Pipe users from the database to stdout, but as csv:
    users.pipe(csvStream).pipe(process.stdout).on('end', () => process.exit());

    Remember: To use db.stream you must install the optional dependency pg-query-stream.

    Rationale

    Simple Postgres attempts to be a low-abstraction interface layer with your Postgres database. While high-level abstractions over SQL databases have their places, very often they require making large sacrifices of simplicity to gain some ease-of-use.

    Simple Postgres is, in the common case, completely configuration-free. Just import the db interface and start writing queries. This allows small projects to spend more time writing self-evident queries than in complex database configuration required by other interface libraries, or ORMs.

    Further, many libraries offer an abstraction over the actual SQL language, which means that some advanced features are either difficult to access, or are completely disallowed. Writing queries in Simple Postgres is the same as evaluating SQL queries in the query console: everything that the database can execute can be represented in this library.

    Install

    npm i @fdy/simple-postgres

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    138

    Version

    7.0.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    39.4 kB

    Total Files

    17

    Last publish

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