Miss any of our Open RFC calls?Watch the recordings here! »

@ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp

0.5.2 • Public • Published

Eleventy AMP Plugin

Quickly build interactive websites with Eleventy & AMP.

Installation

Available on npm.

npm install @ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp --save-dev

Usage

Edit your Eleventy config file (probably .eleventy.js) and use addPlugin for integrating the AMP plugin:

const ampPlugin = require('@ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp');
module.exports = function (eleventyConfig) {
  eleventyConfig.addPlugin(ampPlugin);
};

This will turn all pages generated by Eleventy into AMP pages.

Using AMP Components in your templates

You can use AMP components out-of-the-box, For example, for creating an image carousel:

<amp-carousel layout="responsive" width="300" height="200">
  <amp-img src="image1.png" alt="an image"></amp-img>
  <amp-img src="image2.png" alt="another image"></amp-img>
  <amp-img src="image3.png" alt="and another another image"></amp-img>
</amp-carousel>

There's no need to explicitly import the amp-carousel extension script as it will be added automatically by the AMP plugin:

<head>
  ...
  <!-- this will be added automatically -->
  <script
    async
    custom-element="amp-analytics"
    src="https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0/amp-analytics-0.1.js"
  ></script> 
  ...
</head>
<body>
  <amp-carousel layout="responsive" width="300" height="200">
    <amp-img src="image1.png" alt="an image"></amp-img>
    <amp-img src="image2.png" alt="another image"></amp-img>
    <amp-img src="image3.png" alt="and another another image"></amp-img>
  </amp-carousel>
</body>

Checkout the AMP documentation for more components to use.

Markdown Support

Markdown images are automatically converted to amp-img:

![image](https://unsplash.it/500/400)

The AMP Plugin needs to be able to determine the image dimensions from the image file. Use the imageBasePath option to customize how to resolve local image files:

const ampPlugin = require('@ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp');
module.exports = function (eleventyConfig) {
  eleventyConfig.addPlugin(ampPlugin, {
    // For customizing the location of images assets, pass either a directory
    imageBasePath: `${__dirname}/img`,
    // ... or a function that returns the correct path based on img src and outputPath.
    imageBasePath: (imageSrc, outputPath) => `${outputPath}/../img`,
  });
};

Image Optimization

The plugin offers automated image optimization and srcset generation. The plugin uses AMP Optimizer's built-in srcset generation and eleventy-img for image resizing.

To enable, pass the following options:

const ampPlugin = require('@ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp');
module.exports = function (eleventyConfig) {
  eleventyConfig.addPlugin(ampPlugin, {
    // Enable image optimization using the default output dir (`_site`) and image folder (`img`).
    imageOptimization: true,
  })

You can customize the image generation via:

const ampPlugin = require('@ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp');
module.exports = function (eleventyConfig) {
  eleventyConfig.addPlugin(ampPlugin, {
    // Enable image optimization
    imageOptimization: {
      // The path optimized images should be served from, the default is '/img/'
      urlPath: '/images/',
    }
    // The target dir as configured in `dir.output`, the default is '_site'
    outputDir: opts.dir.output,
  })

Shortcodes

AMP offers a rich set of third-party embeds. Some of these embeds are available via shortcodes (in all templating languages). They all follow the same pattern:

{% shortCodeName ['shortCodeParams']* layoutDefinition? %}

Shortcodes support all AMP layouts. Layouts are always defined last and use the same parameter order: LAYOUT_NAME? WIDTH? HEIGHT?. Whereas LAYOUT, WIDTH and HEIGHT are optional depending on the layout.

Here are a few examples:

  • fixed layout with width=300 and height=200:
    {% video 'video.mp4' 300 200 %}
    
  • responsive layout with width=300 and height=200:
    {% video 'video.mp4' 'responsive' 300 200 %}
    
  • fixed-height layout with height=200:
    {% video 'video.mp4' 200 %}
    
  • fill layout:
    {% video 'video.mp4' 'fill' %}
    

Video

Embed a video. The first parameter needs to be the video src. Controls are enabled by default. The default layout is responsive with an aspect ratio of 16:9.

{% video 'https://amp.dev/static/inline-examples/videos/kitten-playing.mp4' %}

Twitter

Embed a Tweet. The first parameter needs to be the tweet id. There is no default layout.

{% twitter "1182321926473162752" "responsive" 375 472 %}

YouTube

Embed a YouTube video. The first parameter needs to be the youtube video id. The default layout is responsive with an aspect ratio of 16:9.

{% youtube "v0BVLgEEuMY" %}

Instagram

Embed an Instagram post. The first parameter needs to be the post id. The default layout is responsive with an aspect ratio of 1:1.

{% instagram "BMQ8i4lBTlb" %}

Github Gists

Embed a Github Gist. The first parameter needs to be the fist id. There is no default layout, the recommended layout is fixed-height.

{% gist 'b9bb35bc68df68259af94430f012425f' 197 %}

CSS

AMP requires all CSS to be inlined:

<style>
  {% include "sample.css" %}
</style>

<style> elements don't need to be defined in the head, but can be added anywhere on the page. This means, it's easy to modularize your CSS. For example, you can define style and markup in the same file, e.g. components/greeter.njk:

<style>
.fancy-button {
  background: black;
  color: white;
  border-radius: 4px;
}
</style>
<button class="fancy-button">
  {{ buttonTitle }}
</button>

...and then use it in a different template like this:

{% set greeting = 'hello world' %}
{% include "components/greeter.njk" %}

A good idea is to use this approach to modularize your CSS to ensure that your pages will only pull in the CSS that is actually needed.

Tip: Modularizing CSS helps to stay within AMP’s 75kb CSS limit. The AMP plugin will automatically perform minification.

Options

Optionally pass in an options object as the second argument to addPlugin to further customize this plugin.

const ampPlugin = require('@ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp');
module.exports = function (eleventyConfig) {
  eleventyConfig.addPlugin(ampPlugin, {
    // Disable AMP Cache (enabled by default)
    ampCache: false,
    // The host where the AMP runtime is being served from, the default is cdn.ampproject.org.
    ampRuntimeHost: 'https://example.com',
    // The optional target dir as configured in `dir.output`. Required for image optimization
    // and AMP runtime self-hosting. Defaults to `_site`.
    // See https://www.11ty.dev/docs/config/#output-directory
    dir: {
      output: 'dist',
    }
    // Download the AMP Runtime, default is false. Requires dir.output and ampRuntimeHost.
    downloadAmpRuntime: true,
    // Only process files that match a regex.
    filter: /^.*amp.*$/,
    // Image support in Markdown files might require customizing the location of images assets,
    // pass either a directory.
    imageBasePath: `${__dirname}/img`,
    // ... or a function that returns the correct path based on img src and outputPath.
    imageBasePath: (imageSrc, outputPath) => `${outputPath}/../img`,
    // Enable image optimization (disabled by default). The default output dir is `_site`
    // and the default image path is `/img/`. Otherwise ...
    imageOptimization: true,
    // ... customize output dir and image path.
    imageOptimization: {
      // The path optimized images should be served from.
      urlPath: '/images/',
    }
    // Disable CSS minification (enabled by default).
    minifyCss: false,
    // If your site lives in a different subdirectory, use pathPrefix to specify this. Required
    // when self-hosting the AMP runtime.
    // See https://www.11ty.dev/docs/config/#deploy-to-a-subdirectory-with-a-path-prefix
    pathPrefix: 'test',
    // Disable AMP validation (enabled by default).
    validation: false,
  });
};

Development

Run tests via:

$ npm test

Adding new Shortcodes

You can add new shortcodes in src/shortcodes/. It's best to copy and modify one of the existing shortcodes.

License

Copyright 2020 The AMPHTML Authors

Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Install

npm i @ampproject/eleventy-plugin-amp

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

171

Version

0.5.2

License

Apache-2.0

Unpacked Size

64.4 kB

Total Files

30

Last publish

Collaborators

  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar